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Sick! Epidemic of Chronic Disease

SICK! EPIDEMIC CF CHRONIC DISEASES GOOD NEWS, BAD NEWS: WE'RE LIVING LONGER, BUT EXTENDED LIFESPANS ALSO MAKE US MORE SUSCEPTIBLE TO CHRONIC DISEASES LIKE CANCER, DIABETES AND HEART DISEASE. IN FACT, CHRONIC DISEASES ACCOUNT FOR 70 PERCENT OF DEATHS EVERY YEAR. LET'S EXPLORE THE CONDITIONS THAT HAVE US SHELLING OUT CASH FOR MEDICATIONS AND KEEPING OUR DOCTORS' OFFICES BUSY. 7 IN 10 DEATHS Related to chronic disease ANNUALLY 50% Heart disease, cancer and stroke OF ALL account for DEATHS 80% 1 IN 2 OF OLDER AMERICANS (65 and older) have at least one chronic illness AMERICAN ADULTS with at least one chronic illness 79.5* 78.7 77 LIFE EXPECTANCY BY YEAR 75.4 (BOTH SEXES) 73.7 70.8 69.7 59.7 68.2 62.9 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 * Census Bureau projection WHAT IS CHRONIC ILLNESS? A CHRONIC DISEASE IS ONE THAT IS LONG-LASTING AND CAN BE CONTROLLED BUT NOT CURED. DISEASES THAT CAN BE CHRONIC INCLUDE: ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE AND OTHER DEMENTIAS Difficulty in a range of mental functions, including memory and perception; forgetting details; swallowing problems; incontinence CYSTIC FIBROSIS Persistent cough that produces mucus; wheezing; breathlessness; decreased ability to exercise; repeated lung infections; inflamed nasal passages or a stuffy nose ASTHMA Coughing, especially at night; wheezing; shortness of breath HEART DISEASE Shortness of breath; palpitations; faster heartbeat; weakness or dizziness; nausea; sweating CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE (COPD) Persistent cough; shortness of breath, especially during exercise; coughing up mucus CANCER Fever; fatigue; weight loss SICKLE-CELL DISEASE AND OTHER HEMOGLOBIN DIABETES DISORDERS Increased thirst; Unexplained episodes of severe pain, such as pain in abdomen, chest, bones or joints; swelling in the hands or feet; abdominal swelling; fever; pale skin or nail beds; yellow tint to skin or frequent urination; extreme hunger; unexplained weight loss or gain; blurred vision; slow-healing sores eyes TIs Joint pain and progressive ARTHI stiffness that develops gradually OBESITY Breathing disorders; depression; diabetes; high blood pressure; high cholesterol OSTEOPOROSIS ALS (LOU GEHRIG'S DISEASE) Muscle weakness in one or more of the Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra; loss of height over time; stooped posture; bone fracture that occurs much more easily than expected following: hands, arms, legs or the muscles of speech, swallowing or breathing; twitching (fasciculation) and cramping of muscles, especially those in the hands and feet; impairment of the use of the arms and legs HEART DISEASE Heart disease has been the single BIGGEST KILLER OF AMERICAN every year since 1920. 600,000 $108.9 ANNUAL DEATHS BILLION FROM HEART DISEASE ACCOUNTING FOR 1 LN 4 US. DEATHS ANNUAL COST in healthcare and lost productivity from heart disease 920,000 HEART ATTACKS ANNUALLY in the U.S. DIABETES PREDIABETES PERCENTAGE OF ADULTS 1980 1981 1982 1983 3.5% 79 3.5% DIAGNOSED WITH DIABETES BY YEAR: 3.4% 3.4% 3.4% MILLION 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 3.6% 3.6% 3.6% 3.5% 3.4% 3.6% 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 3.7% 4% 4% 4.2% 4.1% 1995 1996 4.5% 18.8 1997 1998 1999 2000 4.8% 5.3% 5.5% 5.9% 6.3% MILLION DIAGNOSED 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 6.5% 7.0 6.7% 7% 7.4% MILLION 7.7% 7.9% 2007 2008 UNDIAGNOSED 8.4% 2009 2010 2011 8.8% 9% 9% $245 BILLION THE RISK FOR STROKE IS 2 TO 4 TIMES HIGHER AMONG PEOPLE WITH DIABETES. ANNUAL HEALTHCARE and lost productivity costs from diagnosed diabetes CANCER 77% LIFETIME RISK OF CANCER MEN WOMEN 1 IN 2 1 IN 3 CANCERS that are diagnosed among those 55 AND OLDER FIVE-YEAR SURVIVAL RATE 49% 68% 1949 TODAY $157 BILLION ANNUAL COST OF CANCER CARE AN OUNCE OF PREVENTION MANY CHRONIC CONDITIONS HAVE A ROOT IN LIFESTYLE DECISIONS, FROM OBESITY TO SMOKING. AND MANY OF THOSE CONDITIONS CAN BE TREATED – OR EVEN PREVENTED BY CHANGING BEHAVIOR. EXCESSIVE ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION is the third-leading preventable cause of death in the U.S. Behind.. 1 IN 3 Diet and Tobacco Adults who physical activity are OBESE 1 IN 5 Americans who SMOKE SOURCES • • • •

Sick! Epidemic of Chronic Disease

shared by caradelany on Aug 14
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Chronic illness undoubtedly affects someone you know. As we age, our bodies become more susceptible to hard-to-fight illnesses like heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. With the average life expect...


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