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Reasons For Infertility

Reasons for Infertility The Facts 20% Attributed to both partners 40% 40% is female-related is male-related Male Problems 40 Abnormal sperm production or function. Due to genetics, trauma, infections, health Problems with ejaculation Sperm damage related to cancer Impaired sperm production due to exposure to chemicals/toxins Female Problems Low ovarian reserve Ovulation - hormonal disorders, excessive exercise, eating disorders, injury or tumours Fallopian Tube damage or blockage Uterine or cervical disorders Endometriosis Fertility Treatments In vitro fertilisation (IVF) Sperm and eggs are added to a "test-tube" and fertilisation occurs in vitro. This technique overcomes any problems due to blocked Fallopian Tubes Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) Sperm are injected into eggs using a sophisticated microscope. This technique overcomes any problems due to poor sperm function or abnormalities which prevent the sperm from fertilising the egg. Intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection (IMSI) Sperm are injected into eggs using a sophisticated microscope. In this technique the higher magnification of the microscope makes it easier to select normal looking sperm. This overcomes any problems when there is an exceptionally high number of abnormal sperm in a sample. Preimplantation genetic Diagnosis (PGD) This technique is used when one or both partners have a known genetic disorder which causes abnormal development and possible miscarriage. A few cells are removed from the embryo and tested for the disease. Only embryos without the disease are transferred. Assisted Hatching Embryos at the blastocyst stage of development naturally hatch out of the Zona Pellucida surrounding the embryo. Sometimes the embryo needs help with hatching because the zona is t0o thick or hard. In these cases, the embryologist will assist with the hatching by using a laser to drill a small hole in the Zona to allow the embryo to escape.

Reasons For Infertility

shared by newlifeivf on Mar 15
An infographic on the reasons for infertility including the possible treatments available.


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