Transcript

A Problem That Can Be Prevented

A PROBLEM THAT CAN BE PREVENTED The primary cause of overweight and obesity is an energy unbalance of consumed calories and burned calories. It is mainly due to an increasingly hyper-caloric diet, rich in fat, salt and/or sugar, but poor in vitamins, minerals and other micro-nutrients, in addition to a lower physical training. BODY MASS INDEX (BMI) A plain indicator of the weight/size ratio, commonly used to identify overweight and obesity in adults Underweight Normal Overweight Obesity Extreme CALCULATING THE BMI weight obsesity Divide your body weight in kilograms into your height in square meters (kg/m2) 2.05 2.00 1.95 BMI 18 - 25 = normal 1.90 1.85 BMI 25 - 30 = overweight 1.80 BMI over 30 = obesity 1.75- This measurement is just a pointer; it may be not the same for everyone, depending on the individual thickness 1.70 1.65 1.60 1.55 Overweight and obesity are the fifth leading global health risk factor. Every year, 2.8 million adults die from obesity 1.50 1.45 38 51 64 77 90 103 116 129 142 155 160 WEIGHT IN KILOGRAMS Overweight and obesity percentages DATA AND NUMBERS Ischemic heart diseases In 2008, 1.5 billion adults older than 20 years Out of this number, more than 200 million men and about 300 million women Diabetes were obese were overweight 22.3% of the world population 44% 23% SERIOUS OUTCOME A high BMI is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (mainly heart diseases and strokes), diabetes mellitus type 2, coordination disorders and some cancers Atherosclerosis is a condition in which Blood flow a plaque of fat, cholesterol, Normal Restricted blood flow calcium and other artery Plaque blood substances settle inside arteries As time passes, the plaque makes arteries harder and narrower. As a result, the blood flow to organs and elsewhere in the body is restricted Related diseases Atherosclerosis may damage any (1 Carotid (2) Coronary (3) Renal 4 Peripheral body arteries, including those of the heart. brain, arms, legs, pelvis and kidneys. Some diseases The plaque reduces the blood Renal failure Carry oxigenated blood to the brain. gradually deteriorates the Damage pelvis, and limbs. Patients may feel A poor flow flow from the may emerge, depending on the harmed arteries: may cause a cardiac muscle; kidney pain and have stroke function infections may cause angina or heart attack Source: World Health Organization; in-house query INFOGRAPHY: EL UNIVERSAL HEIGHT IN METERS

A Problem That Can Be Prevented

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The primary cause of overweight and obesity is an energy unbalance of consumed calories and burned calories. It is mainly due to an increasingly hyper-caloric diet, rich in fat, salt and/or sugar, b...

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