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Physical Activity and Older Americans

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & OLDER AMERICANS Physical activity is an essential component to a healthy lifestyle. Nowhere is this fact truer, than in the case of individuals over the age of 65. Older Americans are at higher risk for many health problems that being active can help prevent. Regular physical activity has been linked to a lower risk of coronary heart disease, colon cancer, diabetes, arthritis, high blood pressure, and obesity. Despite these obvious health benefits, current numbers suggest older Americans aren't getting enough. POPULATION OF AGE IN1900 65 OR OLDER 3.1 MILLION PERSONS (TOTALED 4% OF US POPULATION) The elderly population has exploded in recent years BY2030 due to the baby boomer generation reaching retirement age at the beginning of 2008. IT IS EXPECTED THAT THIS POPULATION WILL GROW TO 72 MILLION PERSONS (20% OF US POPULATION) OF 39 MILLION PERSONS 22% AGE 65 OR OLDER, ONLY REPORT ENGAGING IN REGULAR PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. AVERAGE TIME 17 SPENT ENGAGING IN PHYSICAL ACTIVITY .29 HOURS AVERAGE TIME SPENT WATCHING TV The surgeon general's office recommends a minimum of 30 minutes of accumulated physical activity per day to reap any of exercise's associated health benefits. 1798 Physical inactivity and poor diet are two of the major causes of an epidemic of obesity that is affecting the elderly population. contributing to high rates of heart disease One of the least acknowledged benefits of physical activity is a decreased risk of 40% 42% falling and injuring oneself. Falls are more common than 18% strokes in older Americans and can be and diabetes. just as serious in their I HEALTHY WEIGHT - OVERWE IGHT BESE consequences. ESTIMATED SOCIAL COSTS OF OBESITY 6% Of all Emergency Department visits were the result of fall-related $117 BILLION injuries. ESTIMATED SOCIAL COSTS OF FALLING BY 2020 : 3 IN 10 WILL FALL EACH YEAR $32.3 BILLION 11111| Walking long distances, bending over, or carrying groceries are activities we often take for granted that become increasingly difficult as we age. Many of these activities are what we now define as Activities of Daily Living (ADLS) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLS). Physical and occupational therapists define ADLS as bathing, dressing, eating, getting out of chairs, walking, and using the toilet. AGE 65 REPORT HAVING DIFFICULTY COMPLETING AT ALIU OR OLDER LEAST ONE BASIC ACTIVITY OF DAILY LIVING. INDIVIDUALS TRAINED IN OCCUPATIONAL OR PHYSICAL THERAPY UTILIZE SPECIALIZED EXERCISES TO HELP THE ELDERLY RESTORE ANY LOSS OF FUNCTION THAT RESULTS FROM AGING, ILLNESS, OR CHRONIC DISEASES. EXERCISE GENERALLY FALLS INTO FOUR MAIN CATEGORIES AND EACH CAN BENEFIT YOUR HEALTH IN A DIFFERENT WAY. Endurance or Aerobic activities Strength exercises help increase your breathing and to build muscle mass, which heart rate, which helps to allows for more independence in improve the health of your heart, carrying out everyday activities. lungs, and circulatory system. Ex. Lifting weights (ie. Soup can, Ex. Brisk walking, dancing, bottle of water) Using a swimming, climbing stairs resistance band MAKES IT EASIER TO: VACUUM, RAKE LEAVES MAKES IT EASIER TO: CARRY YOUR GRANDCHILDREN, LIFT BAGS OF MULCH IN THE GARDEN Flexibility exercises help your body stay limber, increasing your range of Balance exercises help prevent movement and allowing you to perform falls by strengthening your everyday activities with more ease. lower-body and core. Ex. Tai Chi MAKES IT EASIER TO: BEND OVER TO TIE YOUR SHOES, &GET INTO THE BATHTUB MAKES IT EASIER TO: WALK ON UNEVEN SIDEWALK, STAND ON TIPTOES TO GRAB SOMETHING OFF SHELF SOURCES Statistical Abstract of the US, Washington, TC: US Bureau of the Census, US Governmental Printing Office; 2008. http://www.agingstats.gov/agingstatsdotnet/Main_Site/Data/2010_Documents/Docs/OA_2010.pdf Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey. http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/atus.pdf Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey. http://www.fallprevention.org/pages/fallfacts.htm http://opac.yale.edu/news/article.aspx?id=5917 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Trend Data, Nationwide. April 1, 2002.apps.nccd.cdc.gov/brfss/Trends/trendchart.asp?qkey=10010&state=US&grp=0&SUBMIT3=Go http://www.nia.nih.gov/NR/rdonlyres/E2A819E3-8BAA-46AA-89E8- 321B527D8A2B/0/ExerciseGuide_FINAL_Aug2010.pdf http://www.sportsclipart.com THIS INFOGRAPHIC WAS: Evergreen PROVIDED BY: : WWWEVERGREENREHABCOM Rehabilitation ALTH SERVICE HOURS MINUTES

Physical Activity and Older Americans

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Physical activity is an essential component to a healthy lifestyle. Nowhere is this fact truer, than in the case of individuals over the age of 65. Older Americans are at higher risk for many health p...

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