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The Most Common Health Issues Caused by the 9/11 Attacks

THE MOST COMMON HEALTH ISSUES CAUSED BY THE 9/11 ATTACKS TOXIC DUST THE TOXIC DUST CONSISTED OF: The dust that was created by the collapse of the Twin Towers was incredibly toxic, filled with millions of tons of pulverized cement, steel, drywall, window glass, and other building materials as well as incinerated computers, electrical cables, and heating and cooling ducts. Exposure to this toxic dust has since been linked to the development of respiratory and digestive disorders, a wide variety of cancers, and mental health disorders in the first responders and survivors who were in the area during the attack. 50% Non-fibrous material and construction debris cement dust is highly alkaline, making it very toxic to the human body) 40% Glass and other fibers glass fibers can cause long-term damage to the lungs -9.2% Cellulose from disintegrated paper causes irritation to lungs and can trigger the immune system -0.8% Asbestos a toxic fiber known to cause cancer; in the week after the attack, some areas were found to have "significant risk" levels of >1% Detectable amounts of lead and mercury potent neurotoxins that may have posed the biggest public health risks OOI AN ESTIMATED 400,000-525,000 PEOPLE WERE DIRECTLY EXPOSED ТОTHE WTC AТТАCKS > 91,000 > 57,000 > 360,000 > 15,000 AND FALLOUT: rescue/recovery workers and volunteers building occupants, passers-by, and people in transit residents south children and staff in schools of Canal Street (pre K-12) south of Canal Street WORLD TRADE CENTER HEALTH PROGRAM OVERALL ENROLLMENT IN THE WTC HEALTH PROGRAM (AS OF 6/30/20) The WTC Health Program was signed into law in 2011 as a part of the James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act. The WTC Health Program administers medical benefits to individuals whose physical and mental health has been affected by the 9/11 terrorist attacks. The program benefits cover a long list of health conditions, including aerodigestive disorders, various types of cancers, mental health disorders, musculoskeletal disorders, and acute traumatic injuries. Medical benefits i will be provided to affected individuals through 2090. Pentagon/Shanksville, PA Responders 910 1% Total 105,272 enrolled... 25% Survivors 2,844 responders 652 26,271 survivors 16% FDNY Responders ..of which General 58% 17,016 3,496 Responders are now deceased. 61,075 WTC HEALTH PROGRAM ENROLLMENT BY STATE WA AK DC VT МЕ MT ND OR MN NH MA ID SD WI NY MI RI WY CT PА IA NE NJ NV ОН IN DE IL UT CA CO VA KS MO NUMBER KY MD ENROLLED NC 1-49 TN OK AZ 50-99 NM AR SC GA 100-499 AL MS 500-999 TX LA 1,000-9,999 HI FL 10,000+ WORLD TRADE CENTER HEALTH PROGRAM NUMBER OF WTC HEALTH PROGRAM MEMBERS AFFLICTED WITH CERTIFIED CONDITIONS 34,831 19,731 966 1201 AERODIGESTIVE 11,4131 16,692 849 196 CANCER 12,3841 15,281 426 1107 MENTAL HEALTH 532 16 34 Number of 16,707 Responder (Living) Survivor (Living) Members MUSCULOSKELETAL AND ACUTE TRAUMATIC INJURIES Responder (Deceased) Survivor (Deceased) 12,862 WTC HEALTH PROGRAM MEMBERS BY NUMBER OF CERTIFIED HEALTH CONDITIONS THEY HAVE BEEN DIAGNOSED WITH 10,319 7,695 4,798 2,971 1,586 861 497 637 Number of 1 3 4 6. 7 8. 9. 10+ Health Conditions Percent 28% 22% 18% 13% 8% 5% 3% 1% 1% 1% THE TOP 10 CERTIFIED CONDITIONS AFFECTING WTC HEALTH PROGRAM MEMBERS Chronic Rhinosinusitis 5,441 Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease 23,435 M 4,571 Cancer 3 12,262 6,888 Asthma 4 12,790 4,526 Sleep Apnea 6 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) 8,193 MITT 3,254 Chronic Respiratory Disorder 7,337 1,135 WTC-Exacerbated Chronic Obstructive 8 Iİ 3,139 M 728 Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Anxiety Disorder O 2,440 M 840 # of Responders Major Depressive Disorder 10 2,376 T # of Survivors 747 CONDITIONS COVERED BY THE WTC HEALTH PROGRAM CANCERS The Top 10 Certified Cancers (as of 6/30/20) Cancers covered by the WTC Health Program include: • Blood and lymphoid tissue (including lymphoma, leukemia, and myeloma) • Respiratory system (including lung and bronchus) • Eye and orbit Non-Melanoma Skin 4,362 792 • Head and neck (oropharynx and tonsil) Prostate 2 2,752 MM 1,326 • Skin (melanoma, non-melanoma, and carcinoma in situ) Breast (Female) 3 321 1,079 •Childhood cancers (any type of cancer diagnosed in a person less than 20 years of age) • Mesothelioma • Ovary Melanoma of Skin 4M 947 1. • Soft tissue 265 • Prostate • Digestive system (including colon and rectum) • Thyroid Lymphoma 5 568 498 • Rare cancers • Urinary system (including kidney and bladder) Thyroid 6 • Breast 520 506 Lung/Bronchus 458 445 This list is not exhaustive, as the WTC Heath Program covers hundreds of cancers that fall under these categories. Kidney 8 492 297 AERODIGESTIVE DISORDERS Leukemia 9 | 403 298 • Gastroesophageal reflux disorder (ĠERD) • Upper airway hyperreactivity •Asthma Colon 10 382 | 232 •Chronic cough syndrome • WTC-exacerbated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) • Interstitial lung diseases •Chronic laryngitis • Reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (ŘADS) •Chronic nasopharyngitis MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS •Chronic respiratory disorder due to fumes/vapors • Sleep apnea exacerbated by or related to another condition in the list of aerodigestive disorders • New onset chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) • Carpel tunnel syndrome • Other musculoskeletal disorders • Low back pain •Chronic rhinosinusitis This category covers WTC responders only. The injury must be related to their 9/11 work, and they have to have received medical care for it before Sept. 11, 2003. MENTAL HEALTH DISORDERS •Acute stress disorder • Dysthymic disorder • Panic disorder ACUTE TRAUMATIC INJURY • Generalized anxiety disorder • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) •Adjustment disorder •Burn • Head trauma •Anxiety disorders • Major depressive disorder • Substance use disorder • Complex sprain • Other similar acute traumatic injuries • Depression • Eye injury • Tendon tear Mental health conditions have become common health issues for those who were a part of or even just watched the 9/11 devastation. • Fracture Sources: PW Parker | Waichman LLP A NATIONAL LAW FIRM

The Most Common Health Issues Caused by the 9/11 Attacks

shared by SylviaP on Dec 16
Learn more about the multitude of health issues that are still plaguing the first responders and survivors of the 9/11 attacks nearly 20 years later.


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