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Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer MAIN ENVIRONMENTAL/ EXTERNAL RISK FACTORS Lung Cancer starts in the lungs as a growth of abnormal cells and often metastasizes, spreading to other organs in the body. It is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Here are the main risk factors, types, detection methods and treatments. Veterans are at higher risk for lung cancer because of cumulative exposures to tobacco smoke, asbestos, beryllium, radon, Agent Orange and other air pollutants incurred during their military and post-military careers. Tobacco smoke LUNG CANCER MOST COMMONLY SPREADS TO: Brain Asbestos AGENT ORANGE Lymph nodes/lymphatic system Adrenal glands Be Liver Bones Beryllium Radon Agent Orange Other air pollution SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER • 13% of cases -Spreads quickly NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER • 87% of cases • Spreads slowly STAGES - Limited stage: Only occurs in one lung. Extensive stage: Has metastasized outside lung tissue or in distant organs. STAGES Occult: Cancer cells in sputum but no tumors in lung. Stage 0: Cancer cells in innermost lining of lung. Stages IA/IB: Tumor is isolated in the lung, or cancer has spread to the lung's main airways or inner lining. Stages IIA/IIB: Cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes, chest wall, diaphragm, membrane around the heart, lining between the lungs or the main airway. Stages IIIA/IIIB: Cancer has spread to additional lymph nodes, further spread to chest wall, diaphragm, membrane around the heart, lining between the lungs or the main airway. It may have spread to the aorta, heart, trachea, sternum or esophagus for the first time, or lung may have collapsed or become inflamed. Stage IV: Malignant growths in more than one lobe of one lung, in both lungs, or cancer has spread to other organs. Нeart EARLY DETECTION SAVES LIVES! Kidney Kidney •X-ray • CT-Scan Tumors can be detected on x-rays or CT scans. Veterans are encouraged to monitor their health regularly so that if lung cancer does develop, it can be diagnosed early when it can be treated and potentially cured. Diagnosis TREATMENTS Treatment depends on the type and stage, and could include any of these therapies, or a combination. Some patients choose to take part in clinical trials to test new drugs or other treatments. • Lung cancer is the #1 cause of cancer- related deaths in the U.S. LUNG CANCER FACTS • Veterans have a 25% higher risk than the general population of developing lung cancer and of dying from the disease. Radiation Radiation beams Chemotherapy Chemotherapy drugs kill cancer cells can target a specific area of the lung, killing the cancer cells Targeted therapy Targeted therapy involves drugs that block the growth and spread of cancer cells • Late stage lung cancer is twice as costly to treat as early stage cancer. Conservative estimates place the annual cost to the VA at $1 billion. Surgery Surgery entails cutting out part or all of the lung • New Compensation Trust Funds, with an initial funding of $30 billion, are available to compensate people with lung cancer. SOURCES: National Cancer Institute; American Cancer Society;; Principal Health News; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention The David Law Firm The Woodlands, TX (Greater Houston Area) 1-800-998-9729

Lung Cancer

shared by infographicworld on Jul 26
Lung cancer is the largest single cause of cancer related death in the United States. There are the obvious ways people can get it (ie: smoking, second hand smoke), but then there are also other ways...


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