Transcript

Integrating Sexual Reproductive Health & HIV Services

7 KEY PRINCIPLES IPPF International Planned Parenthood Federation There are 7 key principles that represent the foundation upon which SRH and HIV Linkages policies and programmes must Address Structural Focus on Promote a Coordinated & Coherent Meaningfully Involve People Living with HIV Foster Community Participation Reduce Stigma & Discrimination Recognize the Centrality of Sexuality Human Determinants of Health Rights & Gender build: The Importance of Integrating Sexual Reproductive Health & Response INDICATORS IN THE COMPENDIUM INCLUDE Proportion of never-married or partnered women aged 15-49 who experienced physical or sexual violence from a male intimate STOP HIV Services Enabling Environment partner in the past 12 months % of sex workers reporting the use of a condom with their most recent HIV and sexual reproductive health (SRH) are naturally linked, as the majority of HIV infections are sexually transmitted or acquired during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding. Number of health workers HIV prevalence in sex workers client % of HIV+ pregnant women who receive antiretrovirals (to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission) % of men reporting the use of a condom the last time they had anal sex with a male partner Political Wll & a Supportive Legal & Policy Department Attitudes to health as a right, stigma & disarimination, gender norms, & social barriers Health Financing HIV prevalence in men who have sex Logistics & Supplies with men The importance of this connection should not be underestimated. Linking HIV and sexual reproductive health increases access to care, improves client health and reduces the unmet need for services. Research % of pregnant women who know their HIV status HIV prevalence in people who inject drugs Maternal Mortality Ratio Improving Client Quality of Life % of pregnant women attending ANC whose male partner was tested for HIV Percentage of antenatal care attendees who test positive for Integrated Delivery of SRH & HIV Services Under-five mortality rate, due to HIV also suggests that linking the two improves quality of care, reduces stigma, and is more resource efficient. syphilis Health Information & Data Healthcare Workforce % of antenatal care attendees tested Neonatal mortality rate Unmet need for family planning for syphilis at first antenatal care visit Despite global support, until recently there has been no universally agreed way to track progress in linking SRH and HIV. Now, the Interagency Working Group on SRH and HIV Linkages has compiled a new set of indicators that can measure the connection between SRH and HIV at the policy, systems and service delivery levels. Stronger Health Systems % of adults aged 15-49 who report the use of a condom during their last intercourse Mother-to-Child transmission of HIV Quality-Adjusted Life Years (QALY) % of people who inject drugs who report the use of a condom at last sexual intercourse HIV prevalence in young people Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALY) The data shows how important these connections are. For example, increased access to HIV services at antenatal clinics appears to have a significant impact on child mortality rates and maternal health. THE BENEFITS OF LINKING SRH & HIV CONNECTING SRH & HIV TAKES PLACE AT DIFFERENT LEVELS Linking SRH & HIV for Global Development AA Reduced Stigma A More Enabling Improved Health Environment Increased Access to Services Enabling Environment Political: Political will, policy and supportive legal environment, funding for linkages. Society: Healthcare as a right, gender norms, stigma & discrimination Human Rights More Integrated Delivery of HIV & SRH Services Quality of Life Reduced Gender- IT Based Violence The international community agrees that the Millennium Development Goals (MDGS) can only be achieved with access to SRH services and an effective Integrated Services Increased Value for Money & Efficiency global response to HIV. In the post-MDG world, linking SRH and HIV is critical in improving human rights and development. Linkages Require. (outputs) Effects of Linkages (outcomes) Stronger Health Systems Human Resources: Well trained, fair & effective health workforce SRH ill-health and HIV affect some of the world's least powerful communities and share root causes including poverty, gender inequality and social marginalization of the most vulnerable populations. Individuals at risk of SRH ill-health are also most vulnerable to HIV, and human rights are key to achieving better global health. Health Information Systems: Good data for monitoring, evaluating & improving healthcare Logistics & Supplies: Availability of medicines & supplies that are good quality and cost-effective Health Financing: Funding services in a sustainable, affordable way towards linking SRH and HIV. MEASURING PROGRESS Growing evidence supports rationale for SRH and HIV linkages. Research shows that integrating health services can be more efficient, reduce stigma and increase access to healthcare. However, until recently there has been no consolidated guidance on measuring progress In 2012, national and international experts-including government, donor, UN and civil society representative- developed a comprehensive set of indicators that measure SRH and HIV linkages at the output, outcome and impact levels. Integrated Delivery of SRH & HIV Services SRH & HIV services are integrated, cost efficient and supportive To find out more: Visit www.srhhivlinkages.org - a collection of more than 300 SRH and HIV linkages resources, including posters, peer reviewed articles, and interactive websites. Clients use services & benefit from them Community awareness & support for integrated services

Integrating Sexual Reproductive Health & HIV Services

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HIV and sexual reproductive health (SRH) are naturally linked, as the majority of HIV infections are sexually transmitted or acquired during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding. The importance of ...

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