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ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) IS A DISEASE OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM CAUSED BY HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) HIV/AIDS HIV probably emerged from Simian Immunodeficiency Virus (SIV), an ancient disease that is widespread in wild apes. 1900 Scientists believe that the virus jumped to humans sometime in the late 19th or early 20th century when a bushmeat hunter in an area that is now southeastern Cong o caught and butchered an infected ape or chimpanzee. 1959 1969 Preserved tissue samples indicate the The earliest known US case was an African-American earliest known human case of HIV was a teenager who died in St. Louis.Robert may man who died in Kinshasa in 1959. have been infected as far back as 1966, suggesting HIV was circulating in the U.S. in the mid-1960s. (O) 1981 ttttt 1984. In 1981, the CD C reported five cases of pneumonia It would take another three years before scientists confirmed in 1984 that AIDS wascaused among previously healthy gay men. These would be the first reported cases of AIDS in the U.S. by HIV. 1987 0000000000000000000 AZT, the first antiretroviral medicine to treat HIV, was approved in 1987. Since then, the FDA has approved more than 20 antiretroviral treatments that help suppress the amount of virus in the body. The medications have to be taken DAILY for life. Recent studies have shown that the life expectancy for patients on antiretroviral medications is similar to that of uninfected people. SINCE THE PANDEMIC BEGAN, 60 MILLION PEOPLE HAVE CONTRACTED HIV WORLDWIDE INCLUDING 1.7 MILLION AMERICANS. SEX, DRUGS, PREGNANCY • • HIV ATTACKS • • NO VACCINE, NO CURE • HIV is spread through unsafe HIV attacks the body's immune There is no vaccine or cure sex, intravenous drug use, and system by killing white blood cells for HIV or AIDS. The main from mother-to-child during that help combat disease and methods of preventing pregnancy and childbirth. The infection. When enough of these transmission are safe sex, virus cannot replicate on its helper cells are killed off, the body clean needle exchanges, own, and does not survive is susceptible to a host of and treatment for outside of the body. infections and diseases. infected mothers. THE NUMBERS WORLDWI DE IN AMERICA LIVING WITH HIV LIVING WITH HIV 33,000,000 1,100,000 25,000,000 555,000 HAVE DIED FROM AIDS HAVE DIED FROM AIDS TakePart SOURCES: CDC, UNAIDS, amfAR, Nature, Science, The New York Times, The Globe & Mail, TAKEPART.COM/CONTAGION


shared by GeeGrl on Mar 26
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the immune system caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). HIV probably emerged from Simian Immunodeficiency Virus (SIV), an ancient dis...




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