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Health Promotion & Chronic Disease Prevention

HEALTH PROMOTION AND CHRONIC DISEASE PREVENTION Risk factors for many chronic diseases can begin early in life. But evidence shows that making dietary and lifestyle changes may prevent disease progression and premature death. CHRONIC CONDITIONS RELATED TO DIET 1. HEART DISEASE & STROKE HEART DISEASE: LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH IN THE U.S. for 100+ years and currently accounts for 1 in 3 deaths. STROKE: 1 IN 18 DEATHS IN THE U.S. 2. OBESITY 1 IN 3 ADULTS IN THE U.S. IS OBESE Obesity in all age, ethnic and gender groups within the U.S. has reached epidemic proportions. 16% OF 6-19 YEAR OLDS ARE OBESE based on BMI guidelines for children and adolescents. 3. CANCER CLAIMS MORE LIVES THAN HEART DISEASE among people younger than 85 years of age. CAUSING FACTORS: OBESITY, POOR DIET & PHYSICAL INACTIVITY • Consuming less fat can be effective in reducing risk of breast and ovarian cancers. • Moderate to vigorous exercise results in 30% reduction of colon cancer risk. 4. OSTEOPOROSIS 8% OF 20+ YEAR OLD FEMALES IN THE U.S. ARE AFFECTED BONE FRACTURE PREVENTION is strongly linked to weight-bearing exercise, and vitamin D and calcium intake. 5. DIABETES 18+ MILLION U.S. ADULTS DIAGNOSED WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES IN 2008 Diabetes prevalence is projected to reach 33% by 2050. 12.7% OF 12-19 YEAR OLDS HAVE METABOLIC SYNDROME which predisposes them to risk of Type 2 diabetes in young adulthood and beyond. PREDICTORS OF TYPE 2: • Obesity • Family history • High triglyceride • High blood pressure • Low high-density (HDL) cholesterol levels RECOMMENDED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY: OPTIMAL HEALTH 60 150 includes physical activity and an overall healthy diet. Registered dietitian nutritionists are uniquely qualified to provide nutrition education and interventions that promote a healthy lifestyle. MINS/DAY FOR KIDS MINS/WEEK FOR ADULTS eat Academy of Nutrition right. and Dietetics Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: "The Role of Nutrition in Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention" (July 2013); http://www.eatright.org/About/Content.aspx?id-6642476997 2.

Health Promotion & Chronic Disease Prevention

shared by michee on Nov 16
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Risk factors for many chronic diseases can begin early in life. But evidence shows that making dietary and lifestyle changes may prevent disease progression and premature death.

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michee

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mccraynd

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