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A Guide to Cardiac Arrests & Heart Attacks

CARDIAC ARRESTS A GUIDE TO & HEART ATTACKS Cardiac Arrest car di ac ar rest Noun A sudden, sometimes temporary, cessation of function of the heart. Also known as cardiopulmonary or circulatory arrest, it is the cessation of normal circulation of the blood due to failure of the heart to contract effectively. Medical personnel may refer to an unexpected cardiac arrest as a sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). A cardiac arrest is different from (but may be caused by) a heart attack, where blood flow to the muscle of the heart is impaired. For every minute that goes by, a victim's chance of surviving a sudden Cardiac Arrest drops 7-10% 60-70% of Sudden Cardiac Arrests are related to coronary heart disease 30,000 in the UK sustain Cardiac ArrestO hospital every year Heart Attack heart at tack Noun A sudden and sometimes fatal occurrence of coronary thrombosis, typically resulting in the death of part of a heart muscle Synonyms infarct - heart falure Myocardial infarction or acute myocardial infarction, commonly known as a heart attack, results from the partial interruption of blood supply to a part of the heart muscie, causing the heart cells to be damaged or die. This is most commonly due to occlusion (blockage) of a coronary artery following the rup- ture of a vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque, which is an unstable collection of cholesterol and fatty acids and white blood cells in the wall of an artery. The resulting ischemia (restriction in blood supply) and ensuing oxygen shortage, if left untreated for a sufficient period of time, can cause damage or death (in- farction) of heart muscle tissue (myocardium). In the UK, 146,000 people have a heart attack every year, 64%S of which Over 1.4 million people in the UK over the age of 35 have had a heart attack. 179 people lose one of their parents every day to a fatal heart attack Signs Symptoms Heart Attack Chest pain: usually located in the An overwhelming sense of anxiety centre of your chest and can feel like + Feeling light headed. + Coughing. + Wheezing a sensation of pressure, tightness or Bujzoanbs + Pain in other parts of the body: it +Feeling sick. can feel as if the pain is travelling • Being sick. from your chest to your arms (usually + Pain in abdomen. the left arm is affected, but it can + Pale, clammy skin affect both arms), jaw, neck and back. Cardiac Arrest In some cases a complication called ventricular arrhythmia can lead to the heart first going into spasm and then stopping beating altogether. This is known as sudden cardiac arrest. Signs and symptoms suggesting a person has gone into cardiac arrest include: +They appear to not be breathing + They are not moving + They do not respond to any stimulation, such as being touched or spoken to. Treatment CPR Step 1: Step 2: Unresponsive? Make sure its safe and then check Shout for help, for responsiveness tilt head, lift chin, check breathing |Step 3: Step 4: If not breathing If not breathing normally dial 999 normally place two hands in the centre of the chest Step 5: Step 6: Firmly push down Give two breaths two inches on the chest 30 times Continue with 30 pumps and two breaths until help arrives Automated External Defibrillator Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) are computerised devices that deliver electric shocks to victims of cardiac arrest when the rhythm is one that is likely to respond to a shock. Simplicity of operation is a key feature: controls are kept to a minimum, voice and visual prompts guide rescuers. Modern AEDS are suitable for use by both lay rescuers and healthcare professionals. If defibrillation is delivered promptly SURVIVAL 75% rates as high as 675,000 lives are saved per year in the UK. Produced by: Sources used: Aid Training & Operations LTD Qutside

A Guide to Cardiac Arrests & Heart Attacks

shared by colskin on Aug 14
This guide has been created to highlight the difference between cardiac arrests and heart attacks, what there symptoms are and how they can be treated.


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