Get the Facts on Hazardous Waste Disposal

The SAFE ROAD to HAZARDOUS WASTE DISPOSAL In 2009, the United States generated 32,285,300 tons of hazardous materials*. Some was burned for energy, some was stabilized for long-term containment, and some was buried or incinerated. Regardless of each ton's fate, it all had to be labeled and transported according to strict governmental regulations. * WHAT IS HAZARDOUS WASTE = There are many types, and classifications have changed over time. Several common groups include: MOTOR, OIL PAINT HOUSEHOLD WASTES AUTOMOTIVE WASTES INDUSTRY WASTES such as paint and solvents such as oil and antifreeze such as from petroleum PESTICIDES RADIOACTIVE WASTES BIOMEDICAL WASTE such as rinse material from produced from nuclear power generation and technology generated in labs and hospitals containers and spray equipment, and leftovers Containers Used To Transport Hazardous Waste Containers must be made of, or lined with, materials that will not react with the hazardous waste to be stored. PLASTIC BUCKETS METAL AND PLASTIC DRUMS such as for sharp scalpels and syringes INTERMEDIATE BULK CONTAINERS (IBC) AMBER BOTTLES (aka totes or tanks) used to store and transport fluids and other bulk materials (lab/hospital chemicals) MANIFESTS, LABELS AND WASTE PROFILES EXPLAINED WASTEXPRESS WHAT IS A MANIFEST, AND HOW IS IT USED? WHAT MUST APPEAR ON LABELS? PRIOR TO TRANSPORT, LABELS MUST INCLUDE: The Hazardous Waste Manifest is a tracking document that has multiple forms, material 1 The DATE the container started to be filled with hazardous waste. information, and instructions. It's intended to serve as the main tracking document from where the waste is generated to where it's The words "HAZARDOUS WASTE." finally treated, stored, or disposed of. The waste generator uses the manifest to verify Waste generators NAME that their waste has been transported and disposed of in accordance with regulations. FOR TRANSPORTATION, LABELS MUST INCLUDE: 1 All Department of Transportation required information WHAT IS A WASTE PROFILE? 2 Manifest information fully completed description of hate aracteristics, TIPS FOR LABELING CONTAINERS: chemical composition, applicable waste codes, the waste generation process, and 1 Use the same labeling method DOT shipping information. (e.g., handwritten, prepared labels), and make sure all handlers know what the markings mean. In some situations, a sample of the waste accompanies the waste profile, so that the receiving facility can confirm the characteristics and treatment method. 2 Include information about contents (e.g., toxic, reactive, incompatible). 3 Apply DOT labels to the container when waste is first placed in the container. (This will help the handlers.) 4 Wash off or black out old labels before reusing containers. HOW IS HAZARDOUS WASTE DISPOSED? FUELS BLENDING V SOLIDIFICATION MICRO-ENCAPSULATION Hazardous and non-hazardous wastes are blended into a fuel source in cement kilns, other manufacturers, or power plants. The waste is mixed with cement The waste is mixed with the encasing to immobilize contaminants. material before solidification occurs. INCINERATION LANDFILL MACRO-ENCAPSULATION Performed properly, incineration destroys the toxic organic constituents and reduces the volume of the waste. Prepared sites where non-liquid hazardous waste are deposited for final disposal and then covered. An encasing material is poured over and around a larger mass of waste, enclosing it in a solidified block. Sometimes this process is combined with micro-encapsulation. HAZARDOUS WASTE STATISTICS Waste Received and Managed by Waste System Category Waste Generated in 2007 by Waste Source Category 58% Ongoing production and service processes 40% Reclamation and Recovery 26% | Disposal 37% Pollution control and waste management 8% | Remediation of past contamination 26% Destruction or Treatment prior to Disposal at Another Site 3% Other intermittent events or processes 7% Storage and Transfer 1% Waste not physically generated on site 1% | Other/Unknown SOURCE: <1% Spills and Accidental releases SOURCE: Top 5 States that GENERATED Hazardous Waste Top 5 States that RECEIVED Hazardous Waste (in 2007 per 1,000 tons) (in 2007 per 1,000 tons) TEXAS 13,461.9 CALIFORNIA 1,143.4 GEORGIA 4,024.5 TEXAS 637.9 LOUISIANA 3,878.8 OHIO 583.1 ALABAMA 2,063.6 LOUISIANA 475.9 MISSISSIPPI 1,702.4 ILLINOIS 472.9 SOURCE: Please refer to your local, state, and federal government regulations as individual government requirements for transporting, labeling, and disposing of hazardous and non-hazardous waste may vary from region to region. WASTEXPRESS Copyright © WasteXpress Infographic designed by Mad Fish SEO

Get the Facts on Hazardous Waste Disposal

shared by wastex on Aug 08
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Proper hazardous waste disposal is crucial to both keeping the environment safe as well as people. Learn important facts about how to transport & dispose of toxic waste.




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