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The Effects of Work Stress on Your Body

THE EFFECTS OF WORK STRESS ON YOUR BODY Researchers collected and analyzed data from 79 studies reporting the impact between physical symptoms and various work related stressors. They found that the workplace stressors are directly related to 8 common physical health problems. WHAT HAPPENS TO THE BODY DURING A STRESSFUL SITUATION? GENERAL ADAPTATION SYNDROME (SELYE, 1936, 1976): General Adaptation Syndrome is how our bodies respond to stress and the stages we go through. Resistance can only last so long before the body is exhausted. ALARM kicks in the fight-or-flight RESISTANCE - adapting to the impact of stress Normat Levelof Stress ResistaTnce Stage 1. State of Alarm Stage 2. Resistance Stage 3. Exhaustion EXHAUSTION - draining of personal resources and health due to stress 3. TIME MOST COMMON WORKPLACE STRESSORS ROLE AMBIGUITY Job related information is not made clear, causing an employee to be unsure of their job duties and requirements. INTERPERSONAL LACK OF ORGANIZATIONAL CONFLICT CONTROL CONSTRAINTS Negative interactions with others, ranging from minor disagreements to heated arguments and bullying. Employee has little control over how or Situations or environmental hurdles when their tasks are that impede employees from completing their job duties and hinder job performance. performed. To Do: 12 11 10 8 6 15 ROLE CONFLICT WORK HOURS WORKLOAD Average amount of time an employee works per unit of time. Different members of the organization give employees inconsistent or conflicting information concerning their job demands. Amount of work an employee is required to complete in a given amount of time, along with the effort it takes to complete. WHICH COMMON WORK STRESSORS HAVE A STRONGER RELATIONSHIP Role Conflict WITH PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS? 20% Organizational Constraints 25% 12 11 10 Interpersonal Conflict 3 4 Lack of Control 16% 5% Workload Work Hours Role 16% Ambiguity 11% 7% WHAT DOES WORK STRESS PHYSICALLY DO TO YOUR BODY? These 8 health symptoms were found as the outcome of common work stressors. HEADACHE Pain in upper and back of head Pain-signalling pathways become over sensitive when in a stessful situation causing frequent EYE STRAIN Itchy, sore, or heavy eyes/blurred or double vision Caused by work stressors leading to increased sensitivity to pain. This is heightened by computer work or visually intense work tasks. headaches. DIZZINESS BACKACHE Pain in neck, shoulders, upper and lower back Caused by low cortisol and elevated prolactin levels during times of stress. Light-headed feeling In a stressful situation changes in metabolic rate (blood pressure and heart rate) cause dizziness and hyperventilation. GASTROINTESTINAL APPETITE Increased appetite PROBLEMS Cramping and aches Increased amounts of ACTH from the sympathetic nervous system delays digestion. Heartburn and acid indigestion The stress process increases symptoms of heartburn and leads to ulcers and indigestion. Ghrelin is released from the sympathetic nervous system during a stressful situation causing a need for food. Decreased appetite Emotional stressors increase production of ACTH and MSH causing stress-induced anorexia. Irritable bowel syndrome Nerve fibers respond to stress by increased colonic muscle contractions. FATIGUE Lack of energy or tiredness Stress-mediated fatigue is one of the most common symptoms of stress and is usually triggered by a stressful event at work. z Z SLEEP DISTURBANCE Not being able to fall asleep/waking up frequently During stress, ACTH and cortisol levels are increased leading to reduced melatonin levels which causes sleep disturbance. WORK PLACE STRESSORS AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP TO PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS: A comparison of workplaces stressors and what health symptoms they cause. Workplace Stressor Related Physical Symptoms Relationship Workplace Stressor Related Physical Symptoms Relationship Interpersonal Conflict Sleep Disturbances Role Gastrointestinal Backache Conflict Backache Gastrointestinal Sleep Disturbances Eye Strain Eye Strain Appetite Dizziness Headache Dizziness Workplace Stressor Related Physical Symptoms Relationship Fatigue Work Fatigue Hours Eye Strain Workplace Stressor Related Physical Symptoms Relationship Sleep Disturbances Organizational Constraints Gastrointestinal Eye Strain Fatigue Appetite Headache Eye Strain Workplace Stressor Related Physical Symptoms Relationship Appetite Lack of Backache Sleep Disturbances Control Sleep Disturbances Dizziness Gastrointestinal Backache Headache Workplace Stressor Related Physical Symptoms Relationship Workplace Stressor Related Physical Symptoms Relationship Workload Fatigue Role Fatigue Eye Strain Ambiguity Headache Sleep Disturbances Gastrointestinal Backache Dizziness Appetite THE OUTCOME OF WORKPLACE STRESS In the United States, annual costs of employee health care is up to $190 Billion. ( 2015) $125 - $190 BILLION Ashley E. Nixon , Joseph J. Mazzola , Jeremy Bauer , Jeremy R. Krueger & Paul E. Spector (2011): Can work make you sick? A meta-analysis of the relationships between job stressors and physical symptoms, Work & Stress: An International Journal of Work, Health & Organisations, 25:1, 1-22 To read the whole study: Selye, H. (1976). The stress of life (Rev. ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. (2015). STRESS RESISTANCE 20000

The Effects of Work Stress on Your Body

shared by OnlineMPHToday on Sep 22
This infographic was created using the data found in a recent study. 5 top researchers analyzed data from over 79 studies on the effects of stress and the human body. It was found that 8 common workpl...


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