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The Early Years of Drugs

The Early Years of Drugs You know that heroin, meth, cocaine, PCP and MDMA are illegal. But do you know when they first appeared and what were they originally used for? It wasn't to get high. Heroin Heroin is a derivative of morphine. Morphine comes from opium, a natural substance in the seed of the opium poppy. Discovered | 1874 Original uses 1897: Bayer Pharmaceutical sold heroin to treat respiratory problems. It was also used in cough remedies. When did it become abused? Peaks of abuse: late 1940s-early 1950s and 1971-1977 When did it become illegal? 1924: The U.S. Heroin Act made it illegal to make or possess heroin. Methamphetamine Methamphetamine is a derivative of amphetamine. Meth is stronger and easier to make. Discovered | 1919 Original uses 1930s: Meth was used in inhalers to help asthmatics breathe more easily. 1939-1945 : Meth was used by Japanese soldiers in WWII to prevent sleepiness. When did it become abused? 1942: The drug became widely available, kickstarting meth abuse, especially by young people. 1980s-1990s: Use of ephedrine, including from cold medicine, made meth production easier and started a new wave of meth abuse. When did it become illegal? 1970 ÇOCA-COLA SYRUP • AND + EXTRACT. Cocaine Cocaine is extracted from the coca plant. ULANT preperties of the Ceca plant and Cela (or Kela) and makes not enly a delieious, exhilarating, For Soda Water and other Carbonated Beverages. Discovered Coca leaves had been chewed for centuries. first extracted from coca leaves around 1855. Cocaine was sges), but a valuable Draln Tonie, and a cure for all narvoas affeetions - Sicx HEADACHE, NEURALGIA, HTSTERIA, MELANCHOLY, Ae. The peculiar favor of COCA-COLA delights every This "INTELLECTUAL BEVERAGE" and TEMPERANCE DRINK eontains the valuable TONic and NEavE STIM- ats. ain or In other car palate; it la dispensed frem the soda fountain in sama manser as any of the frult syrups. refreshing and invigerating Beverage, (dispensed from 1976: Crack (smoked form of cocaine) was developed. Original uses 1884: Cocaine was used as a local anesthetic in eye surgery. J S. Pemberton; e Chemlst, 1886-1901: Cocaine was an ingredient in Coca-Cola. Sole Proprietor, Atlanta, Ga. When did it become abused? 1900-1910: Snorting cocaine became popular. Mid-1980s: Crack cocaine use became widespread. When did it become illegal? 1907: Pure Food and Drug Act mandated labeling of products that contain cocaine and other addictive substances. 1970: Cocaine was placed in schedule II (high potential for abuse) of the Controlled Substances Act. PCP PCP is an abbreviation for phencyclidine. Discovered | 1926 Original uses 1963: Used as a surgical analgesic or anesthetic. 1965: Human use discontinued because of side effects (hallucinations, delirium, mania). Use as a veterinary anesthetic continued, although waned. When did it become abused? 1960s-1970s: PCP became a recreational drug in the 1960s, with use peaking in the mid-1970s. When did it become illegal? Early 1970s: PCP was placed in schedule III (potential for abuse) of the Controlled Substances Act. Moved to schedule II (high potential for abuse) in 1978. MDMA MDMA, or 3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine, is a synthetic drug known as ecstasy or molly. Discovered | 1912 Original uses MDMA was ignored for decades after it was first synthesized. In the 1970s, some psychiatrists used MDMA for better communication in psychotherapy, éven though it wasn't approved for use in humans. When did it become abused? 1970: First report of recreational MDMA use. 1977: MDMA is available on the street. 1987: First report of death from MDMA use. When did it become illegal? 1985: Placed in schedule I (no accepted medical use) of the Controlled Substances Act. Removed in 1987 but returned in 1988. Sources: history-mdma RCx Recovery Connection www.recoveryconnection. org

The Early Years of Drugs

shared by Jason-Steeles on Jul 16
Do you know the history of heroin, methamphetamine, cocaine, PCP and MDMA? At some point before they were illegal these drugs had some legitimate uses. Take some time to learn about the early years of...


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