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Early Intervention for Children with Autism

The Importance of Early Intervention for Children with Autism IN ustration taken from http://www.frfp.ca WHAT IS AUTISM? Level 3 Requiring Very Substantial Support Level 2 Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of developmental disabilities that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges Requiring Substantlal Support Level 1 HOW PREVALENT Requiring Support SOCIAL COMMUNICATION SOCIAL COMMUNICATION SOCIAL COMMUNICATION • Severe deficits in verbal and IS AUTISM? nonverbal social communication • Difficulty initiating social interactions • Marked deficits in verbal and skills nonverbal social communication • Very limited initiation of social • Atypical or unsuccessful skills • Social impairments even with support • Limited initiation of social interactions response to social overtures of others • Minimal response to social 1=88* overtures from others • May appear to have decreased • Makes unusual approaches to meet needs, and responds only to very direct social approaches interest in social interactions interactions • Reduced/abnormal responses to social overtures from others children has been identified with • Has noticeable odd non-verbal an Autism Spectrum Disorder communication (According to the CDC) ----- Because ASD occur on a RESTRICTIVE/REPETITIVE RESTRICTIVE/REPETITIVE BEHAVIORS spectrum, ASD impact each person differently and can range from mild to severe BEHAVIORS • Inflexibility of behavior, extreme difficulty coping with change • Repetitive behaviors markedly interfere with functioning in all spheres • Great distress/difficulty changing RESTRICTIVE/REPETITIVE 1-6 ill!! • Inflexibility of behavior • Difficulty switching activities • Problems of organization and planning hamper independence BEHAVIORS IN • Inflexibility of behavior • Limited to special interests • Distress/difficulty changing focus children in the U.S. had a disability ranging from speech and language impairments to serious developmental disabilities, such as intellectual focus or action disabilities, cerebral palsy and autism (During 2006-2008) WHY IS EARLY INTERVENTION WHAT EARLY INTERVENTION IMPORTANT? OPTIONS ARE THERE? 5x more common among boys 52 than among Delays can have significant impact on development Early Intervention Early Start Denver Model (ESDM) Applied girls Early Development Behavioral is Proven IDEA Analysis (ABA) and can cause years of further unnecessary training ESDM uses techniques from applied behavioral analysis (ABA) for early Effective ABA uses behavioral Individuals with psychology and training techniques of the children Disabilities Act intervention with who weren't speaking in two-word phrases at age 4 of children who are toddlers to teach skills or 18% Important skills like walking, communication and social interaction are Children under the diagnosed with Autism were diagnosed before the age of three behaviors age of three who are at risk of having developmental delays may be eligible for state-provided services and evaluation • It can be personalized • It can be measured learned from birth to 70% reached the milestone by age 8 as a result of early three years old Data can be collected and changes in behavior can be analyzed to demonstrate whether the ABA program intervention has been effective ASD commonly occurs with other developmental, psychiatric, neurologic, chromosomal and genetic dlagnoses $3,569/mo.* High-quality, early interventions make enough impact that some children with ASDS no Child on high-quality ESDM program Parent-Mediated Quality is Important 10% 983% Interventions $5,033/mo. longer meet the diagnostic criteria A recent Journal of Autism and A review of multiple studies on parent-mediated interventions found that the evidence for positive change in patterns of parent-child interaction was strong Developmental Disorders study found that the quality of teaching Child not on ESDM program for autism program was more important than the specific program used Co-occurrence of one Co-occurrence of one or or more psychiatric diagnoses with ASD more non-ASD developmental diagnoses with ASD Reduces Cost in the Long-Term * Computed based on four years following a two-year intensive high-quality behavioral intervention program PICK THE RIGHT PROGRAM Because ASDS varyi between children, it is important to - In the U.S., approximately $137 billion are spent each year related to ASD choose a program that works best. Even in a high-quality program, not every child will ex or any benefit. ASDS occur in all racial, ethnic and socio-economic groups ence the same benefits SOURCES http://www.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/publish/news/newsroom/7079. http://akip.uk-koeln.de/studium_und_promotion/papers/reichow-2011.pdf http://health.usnews.com/health-news/news/articles/2013/07/30/kids-with-autism-benefit-from-early-intervention-regardless-of-method http://sehd.ucdenver.edu/transformationinitiative/files/NCATEStandards/Standard5/Publications5.4.e/Strain-Bovey-2011.pdf http://www.autismspeaks.org/science/science-news/high-quality-early-intervention-autism-more-pays-itself http://www.apa.org/monitor/2012/10/autism.aspx • http://www.centerforautism.com/aba-therapy.aspx http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/data.html . http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23633377 http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/252463.php • http://www.autismspeaks.org http://www.autismspeaks.org/what-autism/diagnosis/dsm-5-diagnostic-criteria CREDIT Odd by JMA from The Noun Project UNIVERSITY OF http://behavioranalysis.uc.edu Cincinnati

Early Intervention for Children with Autism

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The quality of the teaching program is an important consideration for early intervention. Just as essential, however, is picking the right program, since different children have different needs. High-...

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