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Diabetes & Skincare

DIABETES AND SKINCARE: How To Take Care of Your Skin as a Diabetic As many as one third of people with diabetes will have a skin disorder caused or affected by diabetes at some time in their lives. POTENTIAL ISSUES DRY SKIN BACTERIAL INFECTION FUNGAL INFECTIONS • Dry skin often leads to other • Most common bacterial infections are staph related. They are common due to the • Diabetics are prone because of weakened immune systems, weakened blood flow, and difficulty healing from wounds. • Wounds can be as small as those from injecting insulin and still allow bacterial or fungal infections to form. skin disorders. • High glucose levels can lead to dry skin. • Itching and cracking can occur, which can complicate the process of healing from open wounds, leading to infection. combination of reduced blood flow to some areas of the body, and weakened immune defenses • There are several types of bacterial infections people with diabetes are prone to: • Styes - infection of the glands of the eyelid • Boils - infections of hair follicles and surrounding skin that form pustules Folliculitis - a common skin condition in which hair follicles become inflamed ITCHING DIFFICULTY WITH HEALING WOUNDS • Carbuncles - a cluster of boils that form a connected area of • Diabetics can be prone to a • Nerve damage, particularly to the feet and legs, can wide variety of rash-causing infections and conditions, all of which can lead to itching. • Itching can cause a number of skin issues to arise. infection under the skin • Infections around fingers and toe sometimes make it difficult to nails even realize that one has been cut or wounded. • Lack of blood flow and sensation in extremities can cause healing of open wounds to proceed very slowly. YELLOW SKIN • Yellow skin is a rare side effect of insulin use, stemming from its working in a similar fashion to growth hormone. RASH • Diabetics can be prone to rashes for a variety of reasons, ranging from dry skin to infections, along with several rash causing skin conditions and even allergic reactions to DIABETIC BLISTERS • Rarely blisters resembling those of burn victims can erupt. • Blisters reflect poor skin quality and are difficult to heal so you should see a dermatologist. medications. SKIN TAGS • About 25% of all people with skin tags, small polyp-like growths which appear in various areas of the skin (but most especially in the neck area), have diabetes. • The causes of skin tags in diabetes patients are not clear, DIABETIC DERMOPATHY • Caused by changes in small ROSACEA blood vessels from Diabetes. • Rosacea is a potential side effect of insulin injection, as insulin acts in much the same • Small brown patches which may be mistaken for ages but studies have demonstrated apparent links between insulin resistance and the development of skin tags in patients with type 2 diabetes. spots. • Essentially harmless but aesthetically unpleasing. way as a growth hormone. PREVENTION AND TREATMENT PREVENTION Most of the skin conditions linked to diabetes can be prevented before they occur with some basic skincare techniques. Tips Keep track of the healing process of injuries and be sure to call a doctor if they appear to be healing slowly or not at all. Check regularly for red spots, bumps, or any other abnormalities on the skin. Speak to a dermatologist before selecting a facial moisturizer, especially if you are prone to acne, which such moisturizers Keep blood pressure under control to maintain good circulation, and control blood glucose levels as best as possible. Bathe with mild soap and warm to lukewarm water daily. Very hot showers and baths should be avoided, as they may dry skin. may cause. Pat skin dry; avoid rubbing. Wear gloves in situations where work might cause injuries. Bubble baths should be avoided by those with dry skin issues. Excessive bathing may lead to excessive dryness. Take extra care to avoid scratches and bruises, especially to arms and legs. You do not have to bathe less if Use lotion or cream to moisturize you can keep your skin moist post shower, leaving water droplets, and apply moisturizer. If a cut or scrape occurs, wash it with soap and water, and then wrap with a sterile bandage. afterwards in order to avoid excess drynessz. Moisturizing soap will help to prevent the dryness that may arise from bathing. Moisturize regularly, especially in cold and/or windy weather and after washing hands. Iodine, alcohol, and other common treatments for injuries may be too harsh for use on the skin of diabetic patients. Try to keep showers and baths relatively short. Foods rich in Omega-3 fatty acids such as salmon will nourish Use talcum powder cornstarch in areas where skin contacts skin and strengthen skin. Drink lots of fluids, ideally water and sugar-free caffeinated drinks, to maintain skin's hydration. such as the groin and armpits. Use sunscreen to avoid sunburn. Keep your home more humid during cold months when the air is drier, SPF of 30 or more is best for preventing sun damage. First Aid Kit for Skin Antibacterial ointment Clean petroleum jelly or other ointment Gauze pads Non stick pads Hypoallergenic or paper tape Prepackaged cleansing fragrance free towelettes Self-adherent elastic wrap - brand name Coban Foot Care ( VLUT Common Foot Problems For Diabetes Patients Preventing Problems With Your Feet Shoe inserts help to prevent changes to the shape of the foot from diabetic nerve damage. Blisters Cracked feet Keep glucose levels close to doctor's appointed target levels. Infections Daily examination of the feet help prevent any damage or conditions. Skin conditions caused Trim toenails weekly to avoid any issues. by a lack of circulation or diabetic nerve damage Avoid dry skin but bathing in water no hotter than 95 degrees Fahrenheit. Check for scaling and moisture between toes and see a dermatologist or podiatrist if this occurs. Rub calluses and corns in one direction to sooth them. See your doctor for a foot examine at least once a year, have the doctor focus on circulation and sensation. Check for athletes foot and fungal nails, if you find issues see a dermatologist. Sources: mens.htm -Infections-in-Diabetes.htm 3VHO.dpuf lems.htm

Diabetes & Skincare

shared by t1handy on Oct 16
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How Diabetes creates a need for special skincare. A unique regimen is necessary in order to maintain healthy skin.






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