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Diabetes: The Difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

The Difference between SUGAR FREE MART Type 1 and Type 2 DIABETES ΤΥΡE 2 ΤΥΡE 1 Type 2 diabetes used to be known as non-insulin dependent diabetes (NIDDM) and adult onset diabetes, but it is increasingly common in children, largely due to children being more likely to be obese or overweight. Type 1 diabetes used to be known as insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM), or juvenile-onset diabetes as it often begins in childhood. Туре 1 (10%) Турe 2 (90%) Cause Beta cells in pancreas are attacked by the body's own immune system, therefore reducing insulin production, leading to elevated blood glucose. A high intake of dietary sugars leads to excess demands on insulin production, which leads to insulin resistance over time. Genetic basis Possibly. In most cases of type 1 : Type 2 diabetes has a stronger link Idiabetes, the patient would need to inherit risk factors from both to family history and lineage than type 1. parents. Bodily effects Thought to be triggered by autoimmune destruction of the beta cells. Autoimmune attack may occur following a viral infection such as mumps, rubella Appears to be related to aging, inactive lifestyle, diet, genetic influence and obesity. Climate Type 2 diabetes is more common in people with low levels of vitamin D, which is synthesized from sunlight. Type 1 diabetes develops more often in winter than summer and is more common in places with cold climates. Diet Early diet may also play a role. Type 1 diabetes is less common in people who were breastfed and in those who first ate solid foods at later ages. Diets high in simple sugars and low in fibre and vital nutrients are more likely to lead to diabetes. Recommended target blood glucose level ranges for non-diabetic and diabetes type 1 and type 2 Target Glucose Levels by Type Glucose Levels before meals Glucose Levels 2 hours after meals Non-diabetic 4.0 to 5.9 mmol/L Under 7.8 mmol/L Diabetes type 2 4 to 7 mmol/L Under 8.5 mmol/L Diabetes type 1 4 to 7 mmol/L Under 9 mmol/L Children with diabetes 4 to 8 mmol/L Under 10 mmol/L type 1

Diabetes: The Difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

shared by SugarfreeMart on Feb 21
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Type 1 diabetes used to be known as insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM), or juvenile-onset diabetes as it often begins in childhood. Type 2 diabetes used to be known as non-insulin dependent diabetes (...

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