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Common Sports & Exercise Injuries

NorthShore University Health S ystem Common Sports & Exercise Injuries (And How to Prevent Them) Regular physical activity is one of the very best things you can do to maintain and improve your health. It controls weight and reduces your risk of developing heart disease, some cancers and even diabetes. However, there are risks associated with any exercise. NorthShore University HealthSystem explores some common sports injuries and provides helpful tips for prevention and treatment. Get fit and stay safe! EMERGENCY DEP ARTMENT 1 4 1-6 in visit the emergency department due to a sports-related injury. -53% of Americans exercise s m t w t fs for at least 30 minutes, 9 3 or more days a week. O Give yourself time to rest. Take 1-2 days off each week to give your muscles time to recover. Avoid overtraining by varying activity type. 11,000 individuals receive treatment in U.S. emergency departments each day for sports and exercise-related injuries. Common Athletic Injuries On average, 7.5 million people go to the doctor's office for shoulder problems each year. QCause: Overuse during a sport or sudden trauma, like a dislocation or sprain. EWhat does it feel like? Overuse may cause the shoulder joint to feel stiff or achy. Dislocations or separations will be intensely painful immediately after the injury. 7% of all sports injuries are elbow-related. Cause: Tendon degeneration in the elbow due to repetitive motions, such as the swinging of a 55% of all sports injuries are knee-related. racket or golf club. 4 What does it feel like? Pain develops Cause: Repeated bending of the knee gradually and is generally most severe when during exercise, which can irritate and gripping or holding an object. overstretch knee tendons. 4 What does it feel like? Pain is felt 31 million Americans around the knee or kneecap. Some experience lower back pain. may feel a grinding in the kneecap Q Cause: Extreme physical exertion, falling, when moving the knee. bending and crouching repeatedly, or lifting heavy objects with poor form. 4 What does it feel like? Pain and stiffness in the lower back may radiate to the buttocks and 1 million people visit a doctor each year for an acute ankle injury. legs. Pain might intensify after long periods of sitting or repeated bending. Cause: Rapid outward rolling of the Shin splints account for 6-16% of all running injuries. ankle while the foot moves inward simultaneously. Q Cause: Increasing the intensity of a workout Z What does it feel like? Serious too soon or exercising on a new surface (i.e. sprains may cause bruising, swelling and cement instead of grass). impact walking capability. 4 What does it feel like? Throbbing or aching around the shinbones. Achilles tendinitis affects 6-18% of runners. Q Cause: Overuse or overtraining, especially in activities that require jumping. 4 What does it feel like? Pain, swelling or stiffness is felt on the back of the foot above the heel. Prevention & Treatment Check with your healthcare provider before starting any exercise program. Before activities like skiing, warm up leg muscles with squats (but ensure knees never extend beyond the toes). Stretch! Regular stretching is important for active individuals. It helps maintain range of motion in muscles and joints and can help prevent injury. WARM UP your muscles with dynamic stretches, which are activities similar to your workout but lower intensity. COOL DOWN with static stretches that target the muscle groups you just exercised. Before running, warm up Hold stretches for 15-30 secs. Never stretch beyond your muscles with a brisk walk, regular range of motion. lunges or leg swings. If the Shoe Fits! o Choose your shoes wisely. Runners need running shoes and basketball players basketball shoes. Shoe type should match your chosen activity. Change your shoes... • Runners every 500-600 miles • Non-runners every year • Daily workouts every 6 months Stay Hydrated every 10-20 mins DURING 20-30 mins BEFORE AFTER Drink 8oz. Drink 8oz. Drink 16oz. For sprains, strains and bruises, remember: R.I.C.E. REST injured body part for at least 24 hours. Apply ICE packs to the injured area for roughly 10-20 minutes every hour for the first 4 hours. COMPRESS the injured area by wrapping it with an elastic bandage. Keep it compressed for 48 hours. Keep your injury ELEVATED as much as possible. For injuries and pain lasting more than a week, see your physician. If you're concerned or pain is severe, seek medical attention immediately. IF YOU'RE IN PAIN, STOP Before starting any exercise regimen, assess your level of fitness first and consider your ultimate goal: weight loss, training for an athletic event or lowering blood pressure. Sources

Common Sports & Exercise Injuries

shared by NorthShoreWeb on Feb 24
Regular exercise is one of the most important elements of a healthy lifestyle. However, participation in physical activity increases your risk for an exercise-related injury. Understanding the underly...




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