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Cancer: An Epidemiological Overview of Malignant Neoplasms

CANCER An Epidemiological Overview of Malignant Neoplasms Cancer is the uncon- trolled growth of abnormal ce1ls (also referred to as malignant neoplasms) in the body. There are over 200 differ- ent known cancers that affl1ict humans. Breast 67.2 Prostate 69.4 Lung 62.6 Colorectal TOP 15 CANCERS IN THE US 46.3 BASED ON AGE-ADJUSTED INCIDENCE RATES 2005 - 2009 * RATES ARE PER 100,000 Melanoma 21.0 The median age at diagnosis for cancer of all sites was 66 yrs of age. Baged on rates from 2007 -2009, 41.24% or 1 in 2 men and women born today will be diagnosed with cancer of all sites at some during their lifetime. time Urinary/Bladder 20.8 On January 1, women living in the US who had 5,811,097 men and 6,742, 240 women. This includes any person alive on January 1, 2009 who had been diagnosed with cancer of all sites at any point prior to January 1, 2009 and includes persons with 2009, there were approximately 12,553,337 men and a history of cancer of all sites- Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma active 19.6 disease and those who are cured of their disease. Kidney & Ranal Palvis 15.1 Corpus & Utecus Orat/rharynut Laukenia Thyredd Pancrsna 12.1 THE MOST COMMON CANCER INCIDENCE BY GENDER Males Females The rates for sex-specific cancer sites are calculat- ed using the population Prostate Breast for both sexes combined. Lung Lung Rates are per 100,000 and 111000000 age-adjusted to the 2000 US Std Population (19 age Čensus P25 -1130). groups Colorectal Colorectal For men, the chances of being diagnosed with cancer in a given year are 1 in 185. For women, the Urinary/Bladder Corpus & Uterus 1000000000 chances are 1 in 243. Melanoma Thyroid 542 412 per 100,000 per 100,000 A11 Cancer Sites All Cancer Sites SYMPTOMS WHICH CANCERS ARE THE MOST DEADLY? on the location; depend type and the tumor BASED ON AGE - ADJUSTED MORTALITY RATES BY TUMOR SITE however following symptoms can occur with most cancers: Lung CHILLS Colorectal LOSS OF APPETITE FATIGUE Breast A cancer mortality rate is the number of deaths, with cancer as the underlying cause of death, occurring in a specified population during a year-usually expressed as the number of deaths due to cancer per 100,000 population. WEIGHT LOSS Pancreatic FEVER Prostate MALAISE Leukemia Mortality Rate = (Cancer Deaths / Population) X 100,000 COUNTRIES WITH THE HIGHEST INCIDENCE OF CANCER WORLDWIDE The World Cancer Research Fund explains that the highest rates have been noted in 'high-income coun- tries' due to a variety of reasons including: higher levels of obesity and alcohol consumption, and lower levels of physical activity. in addition to these countries having better capabilities to diag- noge and record new cases of cancer. #8 IRELAND NORWAY DENMARK #5 BELGIUM CANADA .6# #10 CZECH REPUBLIC #7 UNITED STATES #6 FRANCE #3 #4 AUSTRALIA NEW ZEALAND Source: National Cancer Institute, National Institute of Health, PubMed Health, The Guardian: DataBlog Created by Amy K Hunnel ( Copyright © 2012

Cancer: An Epidemiological Overview of Malignant Neoplasms

shared by ahunnel on Aug 22
An Epidemiological Overview of Cancer both in the US and throughout the World.


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