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Are Prescription Drugs Taking Over The Classroom?

RyU ARE PRESCRIPTION DRUGS TAKING OVER THE CLASSROOM? WHICH DRUGS KIDS USE MOST From 2002 to 2010, overall prescriptions for children under the age of 18 decreased 7% on average. But while some specific drug categories dropped, others showed big increases. 93% 46% 14% -5% -14% -14% -42% -61% PAIN ADHD ASTHMA ALLERGIES UGH/COLD ANTIBIOTICS CONTRACEPTION ADHD ADHD DRUG USE IS ON THE RISE Since 1996, the number of teens receiving medication to treat ADHD has continually increased. American children age 13-18 taking ADHD medication 4.9% 2.3% 78 9 10 1996 2008 A survey of college students found: 34% 4% FULL-TIME COLLEGE STUDENTS ARE TWICE HAD A PRESCRIPTION FOR ADHD MEDS HAD USED AS LIKELY AS OTHER 18 TO 22-YEAR-OLDS TO ADHD MEDS MISUSE STIMULANTS. ILLEGALLY KIDS TAKE ADHD DRUGS TO GET BETTER GRADES College students gave many reasons for why they take stimulant ADHD meds, but improved mental ability is the most common goal. 72% STAY AWAKE TO STUDY 66% IMPROVE CONCENTRATION 36% HELP MEMORIZATION 22% STAY AWAKE FOR FUN MAKE WORK 12% MORE INTERESTING 7% GET HIGH 5% SUPPRESS APPETITE One study, published online by the National Institutes of Health, found that the lower a student's GPA, the more likely they are to report they misused prescription stimulants. HOW DO THEY GET THE DRUGS? From other kids, mostly College students were asked: "How difficult is it to get stimulants on campus?" 54% of college students with a prescription for ADHD stimu- Very easy lants have been asked to sell 39% or give away their meds Somewhat easy 43% Somewhat difficult 13% ЛИ Of the illegal users in one study, 63% said they first used nonprescribed stimulants in college. Very difficult 1% IS IT CHEATING? College students were given two scenarios and asked to judge whether cheating had occurred: BILL JEFF Bill, a college runner, takes steroids before a big championship meet. He does better than expected and Jeff takes ADHD medication before midterm exams. He receives higher grades than expected. wins the race. NOT CНEATING CHEATING! Respondents labeled Bill a cheater, but not Jeff, because Bill didn't need steroids to succeed as much as Jeff needed ADHD medication. IS IT DANGEROUS? Students Don't Think So ...But They're Wrong % of college student who agree Symptoms of a possible ADHD medication overdose: 2% "Amphetamines áre very i dangerous" HEART PROBLEMS HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE PSYCHOSIS 81% "Amphetamines are not dangerous at all, or only slightly dangerous" SWEATING AND RAPID BREATHING IMPAIRED JUDGMENT Calls to poison control centers related to ADHD drug overdose rose 76% from 1998 to 2005 IS IT WORTH THE RISK? Just like cocaine and opium, some ADHD medications are considered Schedule II drugs. That means that they may be addictive and carry a high potential for abuse. Buying or selling them without a prescription is a felony offense and can carry up to a 20-year prison sentence and/or a $1 million fine. AN" AlliedHealthWorld coma Created for e QuinStreet, Inc., 2012 Sources: Adolescent Prescription ADHD Medication Abuse is Rising Along With Prescription for These Medications, Pediatrics, 2009 "Adderall is Definitely Not a Drug": Justifications for the Illegal Use of ADHD Stimulants, Substance Abuse and Misuse, 2010 Federal Trafficking Penalties, Drug Enforcement Administration "Get the Facts" Prescription Drug Abuse on College Campuses, National Council on Patient Information and Education Illicit Use of Prescription ADHD Medications on a College Campus, Journal of American College Health, 2008 Judging Cheaters: Is Substance Misuse Viewed Similarly in the Athletic and Academic Domains? Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 2012 Medical Use, Illicit Use and Diversion of Prescription Stimulant Medication, Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 2006 Prescribed stimulant use for ADHD continues to rise steadily, National Institute of Mental Health, 2011 Prescription Drug Abuse: Young People at Risk, National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2011 Stimulant Medication Use in Children: A 12-Year Perspective, The American Journal of Psychiatry, 2012 Trends of Outpatient Prescription Drug Utilization in US Children, 2002-2010, Pediatrics, 2012

Are Prescription Drugs Taking Over The Classroom?

shared by jessicatirta on Aug 14
In the last decade, attention deficit hyperactive disorder has grown from a little known developmental disorder into one of the more common and widely diagnosed disorders in the country. As one might ...


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