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20th Century Death

20th Century Death selected major causes Rheumatic 25m Heart 27m Other Hyper- tension Other 2nd Chinese 25m Ethiopia (1974-92) (1945-49) Falls 19m WHOOPING COUGH 38m Abortion MEASLES 39m Sepsis 1st Chinese (1928-37) Road traffic 1om 5m Fires HEALTH 97m Ischemic heart disease 540m im Nigeria MENINGITIS 22m (1966-70) Dengue MATERNAL CONDITIONS 2.5m COMPLICATIONS Civil wars 20m 31m 60m BIRTH DEFECTS DIARRHEA Hypertensive 278m 64m 226m WWI 66m 68m 917-2) Russian 51m Hemmarhage 18m 2m Spina TROPICAL DISEASES Bifida l6m 2m Down syndrome CARDIOVASCULAR Soviet - Afghanistan (1979-89) ACCIDENTS labor Obstructed 5m DISEASES Korea (1950-3) Poisonings 35m RABIES 298m 7m Chronic obstructive Inflammatory 1,246m WAR 30m 131m Protein Mexican Revolution (1910-1920) PERINATAL pulmonary disease (COPD) Vietnam War (1965-73) 32m CONDITIONS Drownings 155m INFECTIOUS Asthma NUTRITIONAL SMALLPOX 39m 18m 200m DEFICIENCIES 400m DISEASES Others 59m (1980-88) Iran-Iraq 37m Air crashes Stroke 410m 1,680m Vitamin A 3m Birth asphyxia HIVAIDS 12.5m Iron 94m 6.5m Illegal drugs Other 17m Tobacco 61m DIABETES 73m 100m RESPIRATORY GENITO- НЕРАТITIS DISEASE URINARY DISEASES 63m B&C ESO- PHAGEAL 33m 274m 19m Other DRUGS Seasonal flu cardio- vascular HUMANITY 115m 36m 10m Epilepsy LUNG MOUTH 24m BLADDER Depression Other 93m RESPIRATORY 980m 178m Chlamydia Ba'athism (Saddam Hussein) UTERNE 9m Alcohol 1m 32m 22m STDS 485m 2m Schizophrenia STOMACH TETANUS Catholicism (condom edicts) "Spanish flu" pandemic (1918-19) 64m Syphillis NEURO MENTAL ILLNESS 37m 16m Alzheimers & dementia COLORECTAL AIR POLLUTION 29m 47m Conflicts waged by US inname of democracy 82m MALARIA TUBERCULOSIS Democracy IDEOLOGY (1945-99) 14m 15m 194m 100m 142m 116M SKIN 7m Parkinsons China (1943) 5m PROSTATE China (1958-62) Soviet Union (1921-2) 20m Afghanistan (1979-86) CANCER 9m NON-COMMUNICABLE am Multiple Sclerosis 30m Communism Japan óm Crocodiles 200,000 LIVER 46m MUSCULOSKELETAL 8m DISEASES (excluding cancer) 530m 94m Fascism 28m MURDER Suicide 89m Appendicitis THE NATURAL Eastern Europe (post WW2) 177m Snakes 6m Bears 2m North Korea 7.500 LEUKEMIA 20m WORLD Homicide 58m 1,970m 136m FAMINE Soviet Union Nazi Germany (1933-45) North Korea 1995-99) PANCREATIC ANIMALS DIGESTIVE ILLNESS China 3m 10lm Cirrhosis of liver 17m A Scorpions 20m 65m Mengistu, Ethiopia East Pakistan/ Bangladesh (1971) Jellyfish 3,400 19m (1975-78) 0.5m 147m 59m Volcanoes NATURAL DISASTERS a Brazil- Indian genocide OVARIANI 10m 24m Nazi genocide OTHERS (1900) EXTREME WEATHER 20m Lions 25,000 ENDOCRINE DISORDERS l6m 30m Elephants 56m Peptic ulcer m Yakubu Gowon, Baifra Earthquakes 15m 18m 50,000 (1967-1970) LYMPHOMAS 25m BREAST Khmer Rouge - Cambodia (1975-1979) Lightning 25m 20m CERVICAL 5m SKIN DISEASES 36m Armenian genocide (1900 193) Rwanda 18m (AprilJuly 1994) This artwork was commissioned by the Wellcome Collection as a companion piece to the London exhibition: 'Death: A Self-Portrait - The Richard Harris Collection (November 2012) Concept, design, research: David McCandless lead research: Miriam Quick art direction: Kathryn Ariel Kay additional research: Ella Hollowood, Dan Hampson, Pearl Doughty-White, Andrew Key additional design: Tatjana Dubovina, Piero Zagami, Paulo Estriga data: sources: WHO Mortality Report & app, WHO Global Burden of Disease OECD mortality stats, British Medical Journal, our calcs. Some inevitable double-counting, broad estimation and bal-park figures. regression algorithm: Laurin Janes all data:

20th Century Death

shared by Anonymous (not verified) on Jul 24
Originally a 6m x 2m commission by the Wellcome Collection as a companion piece to the London exhibition: ‘Death: A Self-Portrait – The Richard Harris Collection’ (Nov 2012).


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