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10 Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and the Mind

10 EVOLUTIONARY APPROACHES TO PSYCHOLOGY AND THE MIND The human brain is one of the most fascinating, challenging objects of scientific study. Learn more about the latest advances in understanding the inner workings of the mind SUCCESSFUL TRIAL FOR ALZHEIMER'S VACCINE: Alzheimer's has NO CURE-contemporary medicine can only help alleviate symptoms The CADI06 vaccine triggers the body's immune system to attack harmful beta-amyloids of subjects developed protective antibodies against beta-amyloid 80% No side effects were experienced throughout the three year study FUNCTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING (FMRI): Developed in 1992 and fine-tuned over the past 20 YEARS CORRELATION BETWEEN GENES AND INTELLIGENCE If lets scientists monitor which areas of the brain are active when a person is: 1. Solving a math problem 2. Experiencing anger, love, or joy 3. Navigating a large city Testing revealed great evidence, showing that intelligence is, at least părtially, based on genetics Researchers compared the DNA of 3,500 people Completing mundane tfasks of differing intelligence among test subjects was linked to genetic variation 5. Making judgments 40% Studied more than 500,000 locations on chromosomal DNA Could be the new tool to cure neural abnormalities Autism Depression Schizophrenia seen in: 2 TYPES OF INTELLIGENCE GENETIC SIMILARITIES BETWEEN AUTISM AND ADHD Crystallized intelligence (vocabulary) 51%: 40% Several genetic changes are present in both autism and ADHD Fluid intelligence (on the spot thinking) variation associated with genetic differences 1 in 300 4% of school- aged children ADHD affects Children have autism The most significant discovery was the prevalence of mutation in the ASTN2 in children with ADHD or autism The disruption of the ASTN2 gene is associated with a higher risk for neuropsychiatric disorders in general YOUR BRAIN ON LOVE A study scanned the brains of married couples who claimed to be “madly in love" 1 unit = 2 Reward centers in the brain experienced an increase in activity-similar to cocaine's effect on the brain GLOBAL HUMAN CONSCIOUSNESS Another study showed the calming effects of love Holding a lover's hand during the threat of electric shock reduced stress and pain An endeavor to connect people and computers in a global, symbiotic network would create a collective intelligence greater than the sum of its parts Collective intelligence, expedited by computer networks, would foster: USING VIRTUAL AVATARS TO GENERATE OUT OF BODY EXPERIENCES 1. Greater teamwork 2. Improved group dynamics 3. A general increase in human endeavors ERASING MEMORIES Experimenters conducted a study to understand how our brains translate sensory information into an understanding of our body's position in space Researchers administered drugs to mice during the memory building process, inhibiting the hippocampus' ability to convert short-term memory to long-term memory Using digital 3D objects, they were able to trick participants' minds into believing that their avatars' bodies were their own Using an artificial hippocampal system, researchers were able to prevent the mice from recalling long-term memory They "felt" everything that happened to their digital selves Additionally, the device can be used to strengthen long-term memory Rather than some sort of spiritual experience, they are actually a manipulatable brain malfunction Possible applications include use for sufferers of Alzheimer's, stroke, or brain injury SOCIAL NETWORKING AND THE MIND REWIRING THE BRAIN Researchers who are seeking out new ways of relieving pain discovered that how we think about pain greatly influences our experience of it Perception of pain is highly individual Social networking can be used to assist shy teens in becoming more outgoing and empathetic Test subjects watch scans of their brains reacting to pain in real-time and, through practice, learn to control the response Being behind a screen in a "public" place allows for greater confidence in interactions IVU This is an important step in curbing the abuse of narcotic pain relievers Those more active on Facebook display more virtual empathy Yet, it may also increase narcissism in teenagers and result in poorer school performance PROVIDED BY: BESTPSYCHOLOGYSCHOOLSONLINE.COM SOURCES

10 Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and the Mind

shared by micahsparacio on Aug 10
A look at ten different ways modern approaches to the brain have affected the way we see and treat the mind.


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