Transcript

The United States of Energy

The UNITED STATES of ENERGY A REGIONAL OVERVIEW OF THE NATION'S ENERGY RESOURCES TOP 5 POWER-GENERATING STATES (MEGAWATTS) NATURAL GAS Texas 71,953 California 44,669 Florida 38,997 Seattle Louisiana 20,394 New York 20,199 WASHING TOR OIL Florida 11,733 Portland Hęlena MOTANA GPIH DAKOTA New York 5,106 Pennsylvania Maryland 4,762 Bismarck 3,287 MINNESDTA 3,257 Massachusetts OREGON NAMICHOGAN Minneapolis NEW HAMPSHIRE COAL Boise IDAHO SOUTH,DAKOTA Boston Texas 24,432 NISMASIR NEW YOAK MASSACHUSETTS Pierre Buffalo Ohio 22,583 Indiana 21,008 Milwaukee AHODE ISLAND Pennsylvania 19,603 roit CONNECTICUT Kentucky 17,702 New York Cleveland IOWA Des Moines PERNSYLVAN Chicago HYDROELECTRIC Lake City Cheyenne NEBRAŠKA Philadelphia Omaha Pittsburgh Washington 21,007 Sacramento NEVADA NEW JERSEY California 12,988 San Francisco UTA INDIANA Washington, DC DELAWARE Oregon 8,229 Denver New York 5,892 dincinnati MARYLAND Tennessee 4,213 San Jose CULORADO St. Louis" VIRGI M Norfolk CALIFORNIA WIND Las Vegas KENTUC Texas Raleigh 10,367 4,302 lowa Nashvile California 3,742 Santa Fe TENNESSE Illinois Los Angeles 2,737 Minnesota 2,580 ARIZONA Menphis Oklahoma 'Citý UTH CARULINA San Diego NEW MEXICO ARKANSAS Phoenix Atlanta GEOTHERMAL California 2,814 Nevada 461 |52 | 35 18 Utah Dallaş ALABANAO РБЕОRGIЬ Hawaii Jackson Idaho SOLAR FOSSIL FUELS FLOANDA California 626 éw Oleans Nevada 149 GAS Areas with wells known to actively produce gas San Antonio, New Jersey 147 Arizona 131 OIL Areas with wells known to actively produce oil Tampa New Mexico 130 COAL Areas with mineable coal deposits of potential commercial value BIOMASS RENEWABLE RESOURCES Miami Florida 1,121 HYDRO Major U.S. dams (as defined by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers) with a primary purpose of producing hydroelectric energy California 834 Maine 684 WIND Areas with annual average wind speeds 80m above the ground that ranked in the top two of seven categories of productivity defined by NREL Georgia 679 Fairbanks Alabama 633 GEOTHERMAL Areas judged as most favorable for geothermal energy production by NREL Honolulu SOLAR The top 20% of most productive areas in terms of average annual solar energy potential NUCLEAR HAWAII The top 20% of most productive counties in the contiguous U.S. in terms of tons of potential biomass output, such as gas emissions from landfills or organic waste from farming and timber industries Anchorage Illinois 12,415 BIOMASS SAXUM Pennsylvania 10,015 South Carolina 6,875 OTHER ALASKA New York #USofEnergy 5,708 North Carolina 5,395 NUCLEAR The locations of nuclear power plants in the U.S., as reported by the Nuclear Research Council SAXUM.COM INTRODUCTION PRODUCTION VS. CONSUMPTION WYOMING The United States covers 3.79 million square miles and olDAKOTA 120M In 2011, Wyoming produced 40% of (Billion Btu) CONSUMPTION contains 316 million people, making it one of the largest, 46% OF ALL U.S. ENERGY 10OM all coal mined in the United States Bismarck NORTH DAKOTA most populated countries in the world. Our expanding 8OM energy needs are well known to policymakers and AMERICA'S ► ENERGY HOTSPOT SOUTHDAKOTA PERCENTAGE OF NATIONAL ENERGY PRODUCTION business leaders alike. This map provides a broad 60M PRODUCTION Oil production in North Dakota overview of our country's energy potential by charting increased 35% from 2010 to 2011 IMBALANCE 40M current sources of energy production and identifying NEBRASKA Beginning in 1956, the United States has consistently consumed more energy than it produces 20M future resources and known deposits. Cheyeone METHODOLOGY Data shown on the map come from a range of COLORADO FOSSIL FUELS government sources. For solar energy, the map shows GAS areas in the top 20% of potential photovoltaic energy GAS Grid cells with gas-producing wells output per square meter per day. Biomass on the map Colorado's vast fossil fuel WIND The population center of the United States is slowly shows counties in the continental U.S. that were in the resources include the Niobrara Santa Fe OIL Grid cells with oil-producing wells top 20% of potential tons of biomass output per square TEXAS edging westward away from the Midwest and COAL shale, which is estimated to 67% kilometer per year. For the continental U.S., the • NEW MEXICO okahoma City COAL Extent of mineable deposits geothermal category shows areas judged as most toward the nexus of the Great Plains, Southwest and contain as much as 2 billion OIL 51% 43% favorable for Deep Enhanced Geothermal Systems by the Texas will always be known as Mountain West. This region is extremely energy rich, barrels of oil RENEWABLE RESOURCES National Renewable Energy Laboratory; in Alaska, the an oil state, but it's also the national leader in wind power 39% distribution of geothermal energy comes from a report producing 46% of all U.S. energy, including Dallas HYDRO Locations of large established hydroelectric dams by the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. Wind resources on the map show areas that two-thirds of our total natural gas and nearly production Top two categories (out of seven) of wind WIND the NREL judged most favorable for energy production one-third of our renewable energy. This energy energy potential as measured by mean annual wind speeds. Coal boom is transforming the region's economy, GEOTHERMAL "Most favorable" areas as judged by NREL distributions reflect areas of known mineable coal deposits recorded by the USGS, while oil and gas increasing the existing migration trend and driving SOLAR Potential power generation in kWh / m2 / day (top quintile, 6-7 kWh) distributions show areas known to contain productive our national energy policy. wells. Nuclear data reflects the locations of U.S. nuclear BIOMASS Tons of biomass output per sq km per year, by county (top quintile 37.8-66.5 tons) power plants as tracked by the Nuclear Research Council. Hydroelectric resources on the map show the OTHER locations of major existing hydroelectric dams as defined by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. NUCLEAR Locations of established nuclear power facilities GROWING NEEDS GETTING CLEANER STATE OF RELIANCE VS. EXPORTS OKLAHOMA CONSUMPTION CLEAN ENERGY IMPORTS America consumed three times as much energy in 2011 as it did in 1949 Clean energy consumption has increased almost six-fold since 1949 As much as 23% of energy consumption relies on imported energy - The ENERGY S OONER THAN LATER 120M FOSSIL FUELS NUCLEAR RENEWABLE 35M (Billion Btu) CONSUMPTION BIOMASS 25% ENERGY EQUILIBRIUM 82% 30M 100M (Billion Btu) UNITED of U.S. energy consumption is from fossil fuels, including coal, natural gas, and petroleum. In 2011, Okl oma was the 25M NON- 27% nation's fifth largest producer of crude oil, excluding 8OM COMBUSTIBLE 5TH 20M STATES of (Billion Btu) 52% Federal offshore areas 60M 15M 48% NUCLEAR 48% 40M 2,973,984 10M IMPORTS 1949 20M 5M Oklahoma is a leading 17,394,832 EXPORTS producer of natural gas, 2011 accounting for 6.8% of U.S. 6.8% gross production in 2010 97,301,269 97,301,269 NUCLEAR ENERGY CONSUMPTION 1. DIP IN IMPORTS CAUSED BY • BY SECTOR • BY SOURCE 22% 20% ENERGY +41,800% 1979 ENERGY CRISIS FROM 1961 19% 26% TO 2011 In 2011, Oklahoma ranked seventh in net electricity 7TH 2. PETROLEUM ACCOUNTS FOR generation from wind 1949 > 2011 1949 2011 86% RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION, 2011 OF ALL U.S. (Billion Btu) (Billion Btu) IMPORTED ENERGY A 485,322,115 1000 KWH 5% 5% OF ELECTRIC Coal POWER Oklahoma's five petroleum 28% 3. UNITED STATES IMPORTED Residential Natural Gas refineries have a combined Commercial Petroleum 35 TIMES 3% 8% 5 5 daily capacity of over ENOUGH TO POWER THE ENTIRE NEW MORE ENERGY Industrial Nuclear SAXUM YORK SUBWAY SYSTEM FOR 270 YEARS THAN IT EXPORTED Transportation Noncombustible 500,000 barrels per day: IN 2011 Biomass #USofEnergy 3% of U.S. operating distillation capacity Solar - National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1998-2009 | Biomass - National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2008 | Geothermal - National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2009 | Hydroelectric (alternative) - U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Inventory of Dams, 2006 || Wind - National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2010 | Coal - U.S. Geological Survey, 2001 | Oil and Gas - U.S. Geological Survey, 2005 | Nuclear - Nuclear Research Council, 2013| Alaska Specific Resources: Coal - U.S. Geological Survey, 2004; Oil and Gas - Alaska Department of Natural Resources, 2012; Geothermal Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, 2003; Trans-Alaska Pipeline OpenEl.org, sponsored by National Renewable Energy Laboratory SAXUM.COM SOURCES 36% 31,981,503 31% LS6L %9t %SC 31,981,503

The United States of Energy

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The United States covers 3.79 million square miles and contains 316 million people, making it one of the largest and most populated countries in the world. Our expanding energy needs are well known to...

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