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The Greatest Explorers of the Last 100 Years

The » Greatest Explorers of the Last 100 Years WORLD EXPEDITION MAP MORE EXPEDITIONS LESS EXPEDITIONS What were their major achievements WILLIAM SPEIRS BRUCE 1904: Established the first permanent weather station in Antarctica. CHRIS BONINGTON BORGE OUSLAND 1983: The first solo ascent in the Vinson 1997: The first unassisted Antarctic solo ROALD AMUNDSEN Massif. crossing. 1911: Discover the South Pole. REINHOLD MESSNER CONRAD ANKER 1985: First man to climb all the 14 peaks higher than 8,000 meters ithout the use of supplemental oxygen. COLONEL NOEL ANDREW CROFT 1999: Notable for first ascents of 1930: Held the record for the longest self- sustaining journey across the Arctic in the 1930s for 60 years. challenging climbs in North America, Patagonia, Antarctica and the Himalaya. I MICHAEL ASHER MIKE HORN 1987: The first ever west-east crossing of the Sahara desert by camel and on foot. ERIC SHIPTON AND BILL TILLMAN 2000: Solo journey around the Equator. I 1934:The first to penetrate the Nanda Devi Sanctuary in India. HELEN THAYER RORY STEWART 1987: The first woman to solo to the magnetic North Pole pulling her own sled without resupply. WILFRED THESIGER 2001: Crossed Afghanistan on foot. 1949: Crossed the Empty Quarter of the Arabian pensinsula twice on foot. WONG HOW MAN SIR EDMUND PERCIVAL HILLARY FRANK COLE 2008: Discovered a new source for the AND TENZING NORGAY Yellow River. 1990: First solo crossing of the Sahara Desert from Mauritania to the Red Sea alone on 1953:Together with Tenzing Norgay, the first to climb Mount Everest. camel. LOUIS-PHILIPPE LONCKE 2008: First crossing on foot of the length of the Simpson desert. SIR VIVIAN FUCHS RANULPH FIENNES 1958: Completed the first overland crossing 1993: First unsupported crossing of Antarctica. of Antarctica. JEREMY CURL LIV ARNESEN 2008: The first non-African to cross the JOHN BLASHFORD SNELL 1994: The first woman to ski solo and Tanezrouft area of the Sahara without 1963: The first descent of the Blue Nile. unassisted to the South Pole. motorized transport. SIR WALLY HERBERT ED STAFFORD 1969: The first to cross the Arctic Ocean across KIRA SALAK its longest axis and the first undisputed man to reach the North Pole. 1995: The first woman to cross the island of New Guinea. 2010: First person to walk the entire length of the Amazon River. BENEDICT ALLEN RIPLEY DAVENPORT ROBYN DAVIDSON 1977: First person to make a solo crossing of the Australian Outback by camel. 1995: Crossed the steppe and Gobi desert going 3,000 miles by piggyback and camel. 2010: Crossed Mongolian-Manchurian Steppe and Gobi Desert. NE NW MS SE EXPLORERS FACTFILES COLONEL NOEL ANDREW CROFT ERIC SHIPTON & BILL TILLMAN Not content to be sitting behind a desk, intrepid Colonel Noel Andrew Croft, born in Stevenage, Hertfordshire, is best known for holding the record in the Guiness Book of Records for the longest self-sustaining journey across the Arctic for 60 years. The accomplishment earned him the status of being one of Britain's most famous explorers. distinguished BritishHimalayanmountaineer who took part in four Everest expeditions in the 1930s. This established him as the foremost Himalayan climber of the day. Bill Tillman, himself regarded as one of the greatest explorers and adventurers of the twentieth century, became Eric Shipton's mountaineering partner. Eric Shipton was a SIR EDMUND PERCIVAL HILLARY AND TENZING NORGAY Sir Edmund Percival Hillary and Tenzing Norgay are among the most famous mountain climbers in history. Both were the first two individuals confirmed as having reached the summit of Mount Everest. Hillary, born in New Zealand, and Tenzing Norgay, born in Nepal, were both named in Time Magazine's 100 most influential people of the 20th century. జ WILFRED WALLY HERBERT THESIGER Oxford-educated Sir Wilfred Thesiger was one Sir Wally Herbert was a British polar explorer, writer and artist. In 1968 he led the first surface crossing of the Arctic Ocean by its longest axis via the North Pole. This was a 15-month journey of nearly 4,000 miles. A year later he became the first man to walk undisputed to the North Pole. of the 20th century's greatest explorers.One of his greatest achievements was crossing the Empty Quarter of the Arabian peninsula twice on foot. He spent most of his life roaming the distant, desolate and inaccessible parts of the world. SIR CHRISTIAN JOHN STOREY BONINGTON SIR RANULPH FIENNES Sir Christian John Storey Bonington is a British mountaineer whose career has included 19 expeditions to the Himalayas including four to Mount Everest and the first ascent of the south face of Annapurna. Born in Berkshire, Sir RanulphTwisleton-Wykeham- Fiennes is an adventurer who is the holder of several en- durance records. Chris, also a writer, photographer and lecturer, started climbing at the age of 16. His most noteworthy achievements include being one of the first people to reach both the North and South Poles. He was also the first to cross the Antarctic and Arctic Ocean as well as being the first to circumnavigate the world along its polar axis. ROBYN DAVIDSON REINHOLD MESSNER Reinhold Messner is an Italian mountaineer, adventurer and explorer who has scaled scores of mountains. Не Robyn Davidson is an esteemedAustralian travel writer whose career of travelling and writing has spanned more than 30 years. The Australian is best known for her book 'Tracks' renowned for making the first solo ascent of Mount Everest without supplemental oxygen and for being the first climber to ascend all fourteen 'eight -thousanders' (peaks more than 8,000 metres above sea level). about a 1,700-mile trek across the deserts of West Australia using camels. The majority of her work has been spent travelling and studying nomadic peoples. LIV ARNESEN MICHAEL ASHER Michael Asher is a desert explorer who has covered more than 30,000 miles on foot and camel. In 1987 he became the first person ever to cross the Sahara desert from west to east by camel and foot - a journey of nine months and 4,500 miles. LivRagnheimArnesen is a Norwegian cross-country skier and adventurer. She is best known for making international headlines in the mid 1990s when she became the first woman in the world to ski solo and unsupported to the South Pole. This was a 50 day expedition totalling more than 740 miles. CONRAD ANKER FRANK COLE Frank Cole was an award-winning Canadian documentary filmmaker and keen surfer who became the first North American to cross the Sahara alone on Conrad Anker is an American rock climber and mountaineer, famous for his challenging ascents in the high Himalaya and Antarctica. In May Irvine Research expedition, Conrad discovered the body of George Mallory, the preeminent Everest explorer of the 1920s. 1999, as a member of the Mallory & camel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea in 1990. This achievement landed him a place in the famous Guiness Book of World Records. ED STAFFORD RORY STEWART In 2000, Rory Stewart, an author and adventurer, took leave from his post as a British diplomat and spent the next two years walking across Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Nepal, alone and in the cold of winter. He described his 6,000 mile journey in his book, The Places in Between. Born in Peterborough, England, on August 9, 2010, Ed Stafford became the first person to walk the entire length of the Amazon River. His achievement was described by fellow British adventurer Sir RanulphTwisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes as being 'in the top league of expeditions past and present.' MIKE KIRA SALAK HORN Only forty-years-old, KiraSalak has already travelled solo to almost every continent visiting some of the world's remotest or most inhospitable places. She was the first person to kayak solo 600 miles down West Africa's Niger River to Timbuktu and has cycled nearly 800 miles across Alaska to the Arctic Ocean. Mike Horn is a South-African born Swiss explorer. He became famous in 2000 after completing a solo journey around the equator without motor transport. He completed a two-year three month solo circumnavigation of the Arctic Circle in 2004 and, in 2006, with Norwegian explorer BørgeOusland, became the first man to travel without a dog or motorised transport to the North Pole during permanent darkness. BENEDICT ALLEN BORGE OUSLAND BørgeOusland is a Norwegian polar explorer. He is well-known for being the first person to complete a solo expedition to the North Pole without re-supplying and the first to cross the Antarctic continent alone. He remains the only person to have accomplished both feats. Benedict Allen is best known for his arduous expeditions to remote corners of the globe without the assistance of a satellite phone or GPS - but by relying on local indigenous people's knowledge. He is regarded as one of Britain's most prominent explorers. CHINA EXPLORERS COLONEL JOHN NICHOLAS BLASHFORD- SNELL WONG HOW MAN Colonel John Nicholas Blashford-Snell is a former Wong How Man is a Chinese explorer who has led a number of expeditions. In 1985 he led a team that found a new source of the Yangtze River that is internationally recognised as geographic source of the river. In 2008 he discovered a new source for the Yellow River. British Army officer and explorer. He has led more than 100 expeditions and pioneered white water rafting. His most noteworthy achievements include the first descent of the Blue Nile in 1968, crossing of the Darién Gap, overseeing the first north-south vehicular journey from Alaska to Cape Horn and a complete navigation of the Congo River. the true ROALD AMUNDSEN WILLIAM SPEIRS BRUCE Roald Amundsen was a Norweigan explorer of polar regions. In December 1911, he led an Antarctic expedition to discover the South Pole. He was also the first expedition leader to undisputedly reach the North Pole in 1926. He is also known as the first to traverse the Northwest William Speirs Bruce, from Edinburgh, Scotland, was a polar scientist and oceanographer who is well known for helping to establish the first permanent weather station in Antarctica. He later founded the Scottish Oceanographical Laboratory. Passage. SIR VIVIAN ERNEST FUCHS RIPLEY DAVENPORT Sir Vivian Ernest Fuchs was an English explorer whose expeditionary team completed the first overland crossing of Antarctica via the South Pole in Ripley Davenport is a desert explorer who came to prominence in the late 1990s after his successful traverse of both the Namib and Karakum deserts 1958. totalling 108 days. In 2010, Ripley completed a 1012 mile solo unassisted trek, in just 52 days, beating the current record, across the Eastern Mongolian Steppe, Gobi Desert and the Altai Mountain Range The epic journey captured the imagination of the world and it is for this expedition that he is most particularly remembered. while hauling provisions and equipment weighing in excess of 240kg in a wheeled trailer. JEREMY CURL LOUIS- PHILIPPE LONCKE Louis-Philippe Loncke is a Belgian explorer who, in 2008, achieved the world first crossing on foot of the length of the Simpson desert which was a North to South traverse passing through its geographic centre. He has also crossed Iceland from North to South. Jeremy is a record-breaking explorer who crossed the Sahara with the help of Indigenous Touareg tribes. He covered 2,000 kilometres on foot and by camel, arriving in Timbuktu after crossing the Tanezrouft - the most arid part of the Sahara. He also became the youngest non-African to traverse the Sahara, unsupported and without motorised transport. SOURCES OUTDOOR WORLD DIRECT NW

The Greatest Explorers of the Last 100 Years

shared by springgenius on Sep 08
This beautifully created on-line InfoGraphic will appeal to all kinds of history and adventure lovers, from schoolchildren to outdoors veterans, and from have-a-go hill walkers to experienced mountaineers.


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