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What To Eat In The Wilderness: Survival Guide

SURVIVAL GUIDE WHICH PLANTS TO EAT IN THE WILDERNESS INTRODUCTION There are more than 20,000 edible species of plants in the world, yet less than 20 species provide around 90% of our food. This means that if you're ever stranded in the wilderness, short of stumbling across an apple tree or a plot of carrots, there could still be heaps of nourishment at you'r fingertips. Below is a run-down of some of the more common edible plants that you'll find in the UK, US, and beyond. Print it off and keep it with you, just in case. - A WORD OF WARNING! - Don't eat a plant unless you're 100% sure it's safe. If you can't identify it and can't be certain whether or not it's poisonous remember: it's better to be safe than sorry. As a general rule avoid any plants that have: Milky or discoloured sap Umbrella- shaped flowers Beans, bulbs or seeds inside pods Grain heads with purple/pink or black spurs Yellow, white or red berries Soapy or bitter taste (better to not Thorns, fine hairs or spikes Parsnip, dill, carrot or parsley- like foliage try and find out!) 'Almond' scent Three-leaved from stems growth pattern or leaves IN ADDITION... Avoid eating mushrooms or other fungi - most are edible, but those that are deadly are very tricky to tell apart. Don't assume a plant is safe because you see an animal eating it. Before eating a plant that you can't definitely identify, carefully check the area for anything else edible. EDIBLEPLAN TS FIND IT: Almost worldwide, FIND IT: Throughout Europe, and parts of Central Asia and North America. Amongst grasslands, all amongst grasslands, all year round. EAT: The leaves. year round. EAT: The leaves & stem. NOTES: After the yellow flowers appear, the leaves take on a nasty bitter taste - however they are NOTES: Not to be confused with the similar looking dock (dock has broader leaves). Dock is edible, but very bitter. But if needs must... still perfectly edible. COMMON CHICKWEED FIND IT: In most of Europe as well as Africa, Australasia, North America, and Oceania. Grows in soils rich in nitrogen, particularly on wasteland and unweeded pathways. FIND IT: In Europe and North America, in gardens, fields, and disturbed grounds. EAT: The stems, leaves, EAT: The leaves, shoots & seeds. flowers & seeds. NOTES: Chickweed contains NOTES: Closely related to Quinoa, which is grown specifically for its seeds. nitrates which can be poisonous in very high doses. JERUSALEM ARTICHOKE FIND IT: North America FIND IT: In the sea... EAT: The leafy bits (which are actually algae). If available, rinse with fresh water and let dry before eating. EAT: The bumpy, potato-like tubers on the roots. NOTES: The name is misleading; Jerusalem Artichoke is not a type of artichoke, nor does it grow in Jerusalem. It's actually a type of sunflower, with the word Jerusalem' deriving from the Italian word for sunflower, girasole. NOTES: When seaweed washes up on shore and decays it produces methane, hydrogen and other (sometimes very toxic) gases so eat fresh! WILD ONION FIND IT: Pretty much worldwide, from the start of summer, to the end of autumn. FIND IT: North America and Cuba. May have been introduced to other areas. EAT: The bulbs (the onions). EAT: The leaves; they have a (generally pleasant) sour flavour - the earlier in the day you pick Purslane, the sourer the flavour will be. NOTES: Some toxic plants look similar to wild onion plants - if the plant doesn't smell of onions, don't eat it. NOTES: Don't confuse it for its poisonous doppelganger spurge - spurge looks very similar but if you break the stem, a milky sap will leak out (a telltale sign of a poisonous plant). FIND IT: North American forests, often carpeting the ground. May also be found in fields. EAT: The fruit (and only when ripe). The rest of the plant is poisonous. FIND IT: Amongst wetlands in North and South America, Europe, Africa, and Eurasia. NOTES: ONLY eat the fruit when ripe soft, unripe fruits are greenish and hard. Even ripe fruits can cause indigestion, so eat with caution. ripe fruits will be yellow and EAT: The stem and the rhizomes (essentially the roots make sure to wash them first). The best part of the stem is near the bottom of the plant, where it is mainly white. NOTES: Avoid eating rhizomes from polluted waters, where lead and pesticide residues can accumulate in the plant. FIND IT: Western Europe and other temperate parts of the world, in woodland, hedgerows, scree, and on shingle beaches. EAT: All of it. FIND IT: Europe and NOTES: If you're being bothered by mosquitoes crush the leaves and rub them onto you; the smell is said to repel them. southwestern Asia. EAT: The leaves, roots & seeds. NOTES: Tea made from lovage can be used as an antiseptic, or if drunk will stimulate digestion. FIND IT: North America, Russia, Mexico, Eastern Asia, and Britain, alongside roads, footpaths, and waste are as. FIND IT: Can grow almost anywhere with nitrogen rich soil particularly wasteland. Also found near streams and rivers, and in forest clearings. EAT: Leaves & flowers. NOTES: Used medicinally for gastrointestinal upset, fevers and infected sores. EAT: The leaves, shoots, and flowers. The seeds are also edible but contain potentially tox ic saponins, so should be consumed sparingly. NOTES: Lamb's Quarters are susceptible to leaf miners. The damage is usually identifiable by yellowish squiggly lines seen in the leaves; avoid consuming affec ted plants. FIND IT: Central and South America, and the UK. Often found on disturbed and waste ground, generally in partial shade. EAT: Leaves, stalks & flowers. NOTES: The plant gained its name through its use by California Gold Rush miners who ate it for its vitamin C content, in order to FIND IT: Europe, Asia, and parts of North America, in meadows, along roadsides and the edges of prevent scurvy. woodlands. EAT: Leaves, flowers & seeds. NOTES: Often mistaken for Phlox, however it is easy to tell apart since Phlox flowers have five petals, Sweet Rocket has four. FIND IT: Most of North America, MALLOW in fields, thickets, and the edge of limestone glades. Can be found in small amounts in woodlands. EAT: The leaves & flowers. NOTES: Antiseptic thymol, the active ingredient in most mouthwashes, is sourced from Bee Balm. FIND IT: Europe, Asia, Northern Africa, America, and Australia, along roadsides and in waste areas and cropland. BROUGHT TO YOU BY: EAT: All of it. NOTES: Used as a herbal medicine; the plant is anti-inflammatory, diuretic, demulcent, emollient, laxative and expectorant. UKOAKDOORS bringing home natural beauty SOURCES | www.eatheweedscom | completegarden FAT HEN DANDELION PINEAPPLE WEED HERB ROBERT MAYAPPLES WILD BEE BALM MINER'S LETTUCE SORREL CATTAIL PURSLANE LOVAGE SWEET ROCKET LAMB'S QUARTERS 10. GREEN SEAWEED

What To Eat In The Wilderness: Survival Guide

shared by BoomOnline on Jan 28
There are tens of thousands of plants in the wilderness but less than 20 these plants provide 90% of the plant food that we eat. As there are thousands of plants that are potentially poisonous we deci...


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