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Sip and Savor: Your Guide to Wine Tasting

Sip&Savor YOUR GUIDE TO WINE TASTING Vino Overview Old World vs. New World Old World New World Refers to wines made in countries that Refers to wines made in countries that used to be colonies are considered the birthplaces of wine France Germany Austria Croatia Romania Spain Hungary Portugal Georgia Switzerland Lebanon Italy Israel Greece United States Australia Chile Argentina South Africa New Zealand Old World New World Characteristics Characteristics Lighter-bodied Full-bodied More restrained Bolder fruit flavors Lower in alcohol Higher in alcohol Not all Old World wines have these characteristics but they are fairly common. Common traits Common traits Wine making is heavily restricted Wineries have specific guidelines they must follow Entrepreneurial spirit in both wine and winemaker Winemaking practices vary dramatically Each country and region of that country has made wine the same way Current wine- makers are held to old standards Focus on Takes advantage of modern advances experimentation for centuries POPULAR WINES FROM EACH REGION OLD WORLD SPAIN ITALY CROATIA GERMANY Sangiovese Nebbiolo Plavac Mali Tempranillo Albarino Garnacha Bogdanusa Malvazija Riesling Gewürztraminer Sylvaner Barbera Palomino Moscato Posip Pinot Grigio ISRAEL PORTUGAL ROMANIA LEBANON Cabernet Sauvignon Carignan Merlot Touriga Nacional Touriga Franca Encruzado Cinsault Carignon Cabernet Sauvignon Merlot Frâncuşă Fetească Albă Tămâioasă Jaen Argaman Chardonnay Sauvignon Blanc Baga Alvarinho Fetească Neagră Băbească Mourvedre Obaideh Merwah FRANCE GREECE GEORGIA SWITZERLAND Cabernet Sauvignon Agiorgitiko Assyrtiko Athiri Rkatsiteli Chasselas Pinot Gris Merlot Cabernet Franc Saperavi Kakhuri Riesling Gewürztraminer Müller-Thurgau Sauvignon Blanc Chardonnay Semillon Malagousia Moschofilero Alexandrouli Aladsturi Keduretuli Pinot Noir Grenache Syrah Viognier Chardonnay Roditis Xinomavro Ojaleshi Usakhelouri HUNGARY AUSTRIA Grüner Veltliner Riesling Pinot Blanc Chardonnay Muskateller Furmint Kékfrankos Kadarka Hárslevelű Olaszrizling Portugieser Irsai Olivér Traminer Pinot Noir Merlot Cabernet Sauvignon Syrah Kéknyelű Muscat Cabernet Franc NEW WORLD NEW SOUTH AUSTRALIA ZEALAND AFRICA Shiraz Sauvignon Blanc Pinot Noir Pinotage Chenin Blanc Chardonnay CHILE UNITED ARGENTINA STATES Cabernet Sauvignon Sauvignon Blanc Malbec Bonarda Cabernet Sauvignon Pinot Noir Chardonnay Merlot Zinfandel CHECKING THAT LABEL O HOW TO READ A WINE LABEL - Old World Labels New World Labels Rely on the wine consumer being familiar enough with region to know what type of grapes were used Have made it easier by listing grape variety on the label Old world label may read: New world label may read: Cakebread 2006 Merlot, Napa Valley Château Moulin de Grenet 2009 Lussac Saint-Émilion Saint-Émilion: Assumes the consumer knows those wines are mostly Merlot Lists both region and the grape variety KEY COMPONENTS OF A WINE LABEL Optional extras VARIETAL VINEYARD ESTATE PRODUCER RESERVE TASTING NOTES VINTAGE HISTORY QUALITY LEVEL REGION ALCOHOL % QUALITY LEVEL AOC DOCG/DOC/IGT AVA • Denominazione di Origine Appellation of Controlled Origin American Controllata Garantita Viticultural Area • Denominazione di Origine Controllata - Indicazione Geografica Tipica Used in: France Used in: United States For a French wine to carry Based on: Used in: Italy - Geographic and geological differentiations this label it must meet certain criteria in: DOCG criteria Geographic boundaries where - Maritime influences Tested by a committee that grapes are grown guarantees geographic authenticity and quality DOC criteria Altitudes Grape varieties • Soil type Grape growing and harvesting standards At least 85% of grapes are from specific geographical location Slightly less strict than DOCG. • Larger geographic zone • More relaxed rules on types of grapes allowed Alcohol content AVA doesn't limit Methods for IGT criteria • Type of grapes making wine Accommodates growers grown who can't meet all the L Length of time aged regulations but still produce great wines - Method of winemaking or harvesting THE IMPORTANCE OF Temperature STORAGE TEMPERATURES Whether it is red or white wine, store it at the same temperature: 53°-57°F SERVING TEMPERATURES Red wine White wine - After chilling the wine, take the Chill briefly before drinking to achieve a temperature that is slightly below room temperature. bottle out and allow the temperature to rise slightly before serving. • Serve sparkling wines ice cold. 53°-69°F 44°-57°F EVALUATE WINE LIKE A SOMMELIER Smell Scent of wine is also called the bouquet To maximize the bouquet SS If decanting isn't an option aerate wine in a glass for 5-10 minutes Oxygenate the wine before Decant wine 30 minutes smelling before tasting Swirl the wine to further aerate Helps release the bouquet Sight Examine the color Observe the shade or hue of the wine in the light, against a white background. Is the wine: - Consistently colored or does it have a light rim and darker core Pour wine into a clear glass - Opaque or transparent The intensity of the color indicates the intensity in flavor. Taste - Take a small sip - Swirl it around to coat the entire mouth Taste tends to have three steps (2:) Initial impression Evolution Finish - How long does the taste linger? First flavors Subtle flavors that detected are picked up over time. Is the wine: Is the finish aggressive or smooth? - Lush or creamy - Light or crisp - Smooth or heavy and tannic Fruity, smoky, or earthy Does it inspire another sip? ARE YOU A SUPERTASTER? Punch a standard notebook hole into a clean piece of wax paper Drink some red Put it on the front part of the tongue wine to stain the tongue Count the bigger taste buds, or papilla Supertaster Average taster Non-taster 30+ taste 15-30 taste Below 15 taste buds buds buds Everything tastes intense 50% of people in the U.S. are average tasters Difficulty tasting bitter flavors Tend to enjoy high tannin wines Strongly dislikes Can taste and bitterness tolerate bitter Tend to enjoy Tend to enjoy earthy and savory wines blandness A better understanding of wine and how to drink it can bring out subtle flavors that you hadn't previously detected. Pour yourself a glass and try your hand at becoming a wine connoisseur. Brought to you by: In partnership with: CReplacementParts .com GHERGICH&Co. !! 00000

Sip and Savor: Your Guide to Wine Tasting

shared by Ghergich on Jul 18
Do you know the difference between old world and new world wine? Learn everything from characteristics, origin, storing tips and how to read a wine label with this guide. Bonus: Take our test to deter...




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