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Organic vs. GMO Foods

ORGANICWHOLE FOODS VS CONVENTIONAL FOODS AND GMOS BEFORE YOU FINISH THAT SANDWICH, THINK ABOUT WHAT IT'S MADE OF; DEPENDING ON WHERE YOU BOUGHT IT (OR WHERE YOU BOUGHT ITS INGREDIENTS) MUCH OF THAT SANDWICH COULD COME FROM GENETICALLY MODIFIED CROPS AND LIVESTOCK. IF YOUR SANDWICH IS ORGANIC AND MADE FROM WHOLE FOODS, IT'S PROBABLY MUCH MORE HEALTHY. WHAT ARE GMOS? MOST GM FOODS ARE PLANT PRODUCTS SUCH AS SOYBEAN, CORN, CANOLA, Genetically modified foods, also called GM foods or biotech foods, come from genetically modified organisms (GMOS), such as engineered crops or fish. Such organisms have had very precise changes made to their DNA. THE FIRST GENETICALLY MODIFIED RICE, AND FOOD WAS CALGENE'S COTTON SEED FLAVR SAVR DELAYED OIL. RIPENING TOMATO. HOW FOODS ARERAISED AND CULTIVATED DIFFERENTLY Organics GMOS THE TERM "ORGANIC" REFERS TO THE WAY CROPS AND LIVESTOCK ARE GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS GROWN AND PROCESSED. SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS MUST BE MET AND (GMOS) ARE PLANTS OR ANIMALS WHOSE MAINTAINED IN ORDER FOR PRODUCTS TO BE LABELED AS ORGANIC. DNA HAS BEEN ALTERED. Organic crops must be grown in safe soil, have no modifications and must remain separate from conventional products Farmers are not allowed to use synthetic pesticides, bioengineered genes (GMOS), petroleum-based fertilizers and sewage sludge-based fertilizers. These products have undergone only short-term testing to determine their effects on humans and the Organic livestock must have access to the outdoors and be given organic feed. They may not be given antibiotics, growth hormones or any animal-by-products. environment, In most countries, organic products do not contain GMOS. ORGANIC VS. NON-ORGANIC FARMING Organic Conventional methods GROWN WITH NATURAL FERTILIZERS WARNING (Manure, compost) PESTICIDES USED NO PESTICIDES INSECTS ARE CONTROLLED USING NATURAL METHODS GROWN WITH SYNTHETIC OR CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS (Birds, good insects, traps). PESTICIDES IN WEEDS ARE CONTROLLED NATURALLY WEEDS ARE CONTROLLED WITH CHEMICAL HERBICIDES (Crop rotation, hand weeding, mulching, and tilling) INSECTICIDES ARE USED TO MANAGE PESTS AND DISEASE HOW MUCH OF OUR FOOD COMES FROM GMOS? GMO CROPS ARE FOUND IN 80 PERCENT OF PACKAGED FOODS IN THE U.S. THEY ARE ALSO ADDED TO PROCESSED FOODS AS OILS, SWEETENERS AND SOY PROTEINS AND IN THINGS LIKE AMINO ACIDS, ASPARTAME AND VITAMIN C, FLAVORINGS AND MORE. GMO content per crop 93% 93% 86% 90% 95% SOY COTTON CORN CANOLA SUGAR BEETS EFFECTS OF FOOD TYPES Organics GMOS and conventional foods EXPOSURE TO HERBICIDES cause developmental delays, behavioral disorders and motor dysfunction. INCREASES THE RISK for food-borne bacteria such as salmonella or E. coli thanks to manure used as fertilizer COULD LEAD to more allergies. Higher levels of herbicide residue cause cell division RISK OF ILLNESSES caused from toxin produced by fungi. POTENTIAL HEALTH BENEFIT from phenols, which organic crops develop as a natural defense mechanism in the absence of pesticides; phenols are believed to be antioxidants that can protect people from cancers and heart disease dysfunction that provokes the first stages that lead to cancer. ACCUMULATED BUILD-UP OF HERBICIDES can lead to many health issues such as headaches, birth defects and weakened immune systems. HUMANS LINKED TO DECIMATION of frogs may reduce native populations MICRO-ARTHROPODS and earthworms abundant in organic crops provide nutrients and can help protect crops from disease of beneficial insects PROMOTES BIODIVERSITY. FERTILIZERS have been associated with the deterioration of some large fisheries in North America MAY HAVE ADVERSE effect on soil microbial activity (earthworms) ANIMALS LESS FOSSIL ENERGY, reducing the amount of carbon dioxide released to the atmosphere WINDS causing cross-pollination resulted in mutated species of what were once natural variations of plants EXTENDED CROP ROTATIONS that help conserve soil and water resources and reduce insect, EXTENSIVE USE OF HERBICIDES disease and weed problems. has resulted in the creation of CONSERVES SOIL, water, energy and biological hard-to-kill "superweeds" resources. CONTRIBUTE to the erosion of soil RECYCLING OF LIVESTOCK wastes reduces ENVIRONMENT pollution. IS ORGANIC FOOD MORE NUTRITIOUS THAN NON-ORGANIC FOOD? WHILE THE EVIDENCE IS STILL UNCLEAR, SOME STUDIES SUGGEST THAT, ON AVERAGE, ORGANICALLY GROWN FRUITS AND VEGETABLES MAY CONTAIN SLIGHTLY HIGHER LEVELS OF VITAMIN C, TRACE MINERALS AND ANTIOXIDANT PHYTONUTRIENTS THAN CONVENTIONALLY GROWN PRODUCE. ORGANIC FARMING AND LOCALLY GROWN PRODUCE ORGANIC FARMING IS KINDER TO THE ENVIRONMENT IN MANY WAYS: DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION of an DETAILED RECORDKEEPING systems that track all products from the field to point of sale. MAINTENANCE OF BUFFER ZONES to "organic system plan" that describes the practices used in producing crops and livestock products. prevent inadvertent contamination by synthetic farm chemicals from adjacent conventional fields. LOCALLY GROWN FRUITS AND VEGETABLES During large portions of the year, it is usually possible to find food grown very close to home at places such as a farmer's market. GENERALLY LOCAL FOOD MEANS FOOD THAT WAS GROWN CLOSE TO HOME. THIS COULD BE IN YOUR OWN GARDEN, YOUR LOCAL COMMUNITY, YOUR STATE, 00 YOUR REGION OR YOUR COUNTRY. WHY PEOPLE BUY LOCALLY GROWN FOOD Transportation issues Financial In the U.S., for example, the average distance a meal travels from the farm to the dinner plate is over 1,500 miles. benefits MONEY STAYS within the This uses a lot of fossil fuels and community and strengthens the local economy. More money goes directly to the farmer, instead of to things like marketing and П emits carbon dioxide into the air. distribution. Or the food is highly processed in factories using $4 In addition, produce must be picked while still unripe and then gassed to "ripen" it after transport. preservatives, irradiation, and other means to keep it stable for transport and sale. Fresh produce LOCAL FOOD IS THE FRESHEST FOOD YOU CAN PURCHASE. FRUITS AND VEGETABLES ARE HARVESTED WHEN THEY ARE RIPE AND FULL OF FLAVOR SHOULDIBUY ORGANIC? FRUITS AND VEGETABLES WHERE THE ORGANIC LABEL MATTERS THE MOST ACCORDING TO THE ENVIRONMENTAL WORKING GROUP, A NONPROFIT ORGANIZATION THAT ANALYZES THE RESULTS OF GOVERNMENT PESTICIDE TESTING IN THE U.S., THE FOLLOWING 12 FRUITS AND VEGETABLES HAVE THE HIGHEST PESTICIDE LEVELS ON AVERAGE. BECAUSE OF THEIR HIGH PESTICIDE LEVELS WHEN CONVENTIONALLY GROWN, IT IS BEST TO BUY THESE ORGANIC: Apples Bell Celery peppers Carrots Grapes (imported) Cherries Kale Lettuce Nectarines Peaches Pears Strawberries NON-ORGANIC FRUITS AND VEGETABLES WITH LOW PESTICIDE LEVELS THESE CONVENTIONALLY GROWN FRUITS AND VEGETABLES WERE FOUND TO HAVE THE LOWEST LEVELS OF PESTICIDES. MOST OF THESE HAVE THICKER SKIN OR PEEL, WHICH NATURALLY PROTECTS THEM BETTER FROM PESTS, AND WHICH ALSO MEANS THEIR PRODUCTION DOES NOT REQUIRE THE USE OF AS MANY PESTICIDES. Asparagus Avocado Broccoli Cabbage Eggplant Kiwi Corn (sweet) Mango COST DIFFERENCES ORGANIC FOOD IS MORE LABOR INTENSIVE ORGANIC CERTIFICATION AND MAINTAINING SINCE THE FARMERS DO NOT USE PESTICIDES, THIS STATUS IS EXPENSIVE. ORGANIC FEED CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS OR DRUGS. FOR ANIMALS CAN COST TWICE AS MUCH. ORGANIC FARMS TEND TO BE SMALLER THAN BECAUSE OF THOSE DIFFERENCES, ORGANIC CONVENTIONAL FARMS, WHICH MEANS AND WHOLE FOODS OFTEN GET A FIXED COSTS AND OVERHEAD MUST BE REPUTATION FOR BEING TOO EXPENSIVE FOR DISTRIBUTED ACROSS SMALLER PRODUCE MOST FAMILIES, BUT THAT ISN'T NECESSARILY THE CASE. VOLUMES. MOST ORGANIC FARMS ARE TOO SMALL TO RECEIVE GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES. GROCERY STORE COMPARISON: WHOLE FOODS VS. SAFEWAY A NOSHTOPIA ANALYSIS IN 2008 FOUND THE ORGANIC SUPERMARKET CHAIN WHOLE FOODS ACTUALLY OFFERED BETTER PRICES THAN THE CONVENTIONAL GROCERY STORE SAFEWAY IN SAN MATEO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA. Whole foods Safeway KETCHUP CREAM CHEESE PASTA SAUCE 1% MILK 1/2 GAL APPLE-DELICIOUS BRAND o Organics 20oz $2.87 PRICE O Organics Marinara Safeway Brand TOTAL Organic $2.50 3.0 $2.50 $2.39 $12.25 Lucerne $1.99 2.5 TOTAL Wf 365-organic Wf 365-marinara $9.45 2.0 $1.49 $2.49 Wf 365 Organic 1.5 Wf 365 $1.99 $1.99 $1.49 1.0 Tips for keeping the cost of organic food within your budget Are they safe? HOWEVER, WITH LONG-TERM HEALTH ANY GM FOODS CURRENTLY ON THE • SHOP AT FARMERS' MARKETS MARKET ARE CONSIDERED EFFECTS, IT IS DIFFICULT TO TO HAVE PASSED SAFETY ASSESS WHETHER A FOOD • JOIN A FOOD CO-OP ASSESSMENTS AND AREN'T MAY POSE A RISK IN THE THOUGHT TO POSE A RISK. FUTURE. • JOIN A COMMUNITY SUPPORTED AGRICULTURE (CSA) UNFORTUNATELY, EFFECTS MAY ONLY FARM, IN WHICH COME TO LIGHT INDIVIDUALS AND LONG AFTER THE FAMILIES JOIN UP TO PURCHASE "SHARES" OF PRODUCT HAS ALREADY BEEN PRODUCE IN BULK, AVAILABLE FOR DIRECTLY FROM A CONSUMER USE. LOCAL FARM. WHY SHOULD WE EAT WHOLE FOODS? WHOLE FOODS ARE THOSE THAT NATURE PROVIDES, WITH ALL THEIR EDIBLE PARTS. CONVERSELY, FRAGMENTED FOODS INCLUDE THOSE MISSING ORIGINAL PARTS. Refined complex Bran and germ of grains Sweeteners Refined and deodorized oils carbohydrates such as and fats white flour and white rice VITE RIC Sugar (crystallized sugars, syrups, concentrates - all missing water, some missing most nutrients) (missing both their trace (missing fiber and nutrients found in bran and germ) (missing carbohydrates) elements and the rest of the plant or animal) A healthful diet, according to some nutritionists, should include at least 70 percent whole foods. %24

Organic vs. GMO Foods

shared by BestDrugRehab on Jan 14
Eating organically has been an increasing trend over the past decade, but often, consumers don’t know what constitutes organic food, and what does not. They may not also know the advantages and disa...


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