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History of Chocolate

HISTORY oF CHOCOLATE EARLY CHOCOLATE 600A.D. MAYAN INDIANS хосоati. hot drink with crushed cocoa pods and spices Mayan Indians worshipped the cacao bean as an idol. They used it in rituals, as a currency, and for special occasions, to make a spicy, bitter, hot drink called xocoati. 1325 AZTEC EMPIRE chocolatl. Xocoati sweetened with vanilla and honey Aztec Indians also worshipped idols relating to cacao and held great value to these beans. They sweetened the recipe of the Mayans to create their own special chocolate drink called chocolatl. 1502 EUROPEAN DISCOVERY Christopher Columbus was the first European lo discover the cacao tree. He took beans back to Spain with him but their value was overlooked and their use was unknown. 1517 Conquestidor Hernando Cortez came to conquer Mexico. When he met with Aztec leader, Montezuma, he was fed the choco- latl drink out of a golden goblet. THE SPREAD OF CHOCOLATE lang $1650 lane 1634 9646 rmo. Oztecs once itze 1615 1819 aly spain mayans 1528 1606 1528 SPAIN Corlez took cocoa plants and chocolatl pro- duction tools back to Spain. The chocolate drink soon became very popular Spanish elite. It was highly sacred and processed only by monks. ITALY 1606 Spain kept the chocolate drink so secret that it was decades later when it spread to more of Europe. Explorer Francesco Carletti witnessed drink production during a trip to Central Amer- ica and afterwards brought chocolate to ltaly. O1615 FRANCE Spain shared chocolate with France with the marriage of Anne, princess of Spain, to Louis XIII of France. HOLLAND 1634 The Dutch captured Curacao, an island off of Venezuela and brought back cacao plants from their new province. 1646 GERMANY ENGLAND 1650 Germany finally got on the chocolate train after some Germans discovered chocolate pro- duction while travelling in Italy. When chocolate was first brought to England, it was very popular among the court of King Charles II. It was enjoyed only by the royal and wealthy British. fi 1657 CHOCOLATE HOUSES London's first Chocolate House appeared in 1657. Becoming as prevelant as coffee shops, these trendy places were for the elite society to meet friends and enjoy various rich, yet bitter, chocolate drinks. REFINING CHOCOLATE 1687 ADDING MILK Sir Hans Sloane disliked chocolate upon trying it in Jamaica. He tried adding milk to the chocolate drink and then later sold this recipe as medicine in England. 1765 AMERICA The first chocolate factory in the American colonies had faster production of chocolate than anywhere else in the world. 1828 THE COCOA PRESS Dutch chocolatier Conrad J. van Houten patented an inexpensive method for press- ing the fat from roasted cacao beans to create a fine powder known as "cocoa" thus reducing prices and increasing quality. 1830 SOLID CHOCOLATE The creation of powdered chocolate made it easier to mix with other ingre- dients to make chocolate a solid form. British chocolatier J.S. Fry & Sons devel- oped solid eating chocolate. 1849 MILK CHOCOLATE DRINK The Cadbury brothers began producing Sloane's milk chocolate drink for the public. They held a chocolate exhibition in Birmingham, England. 1853 LOWER TAXES With the creation of cocoa plantations in the West Indies and Africa, along with the abil- ity for easier transport following the Industrial Revolution, high import taxes on chocolate were reduced making the treat more afford- able for the general public. 1875 MILK CHOCOLATES Swiss confectioner Daniel Peter added pow- dered milk to his chocolates and put the first milk chocolate candy on the market. 1879 CONCHING The Swiss invented the Conching Machine which refined chocolate, giving it the smooth texture we know today. TODAY, CHOCOLATE PRODUCTION IS A WORLDWIDE INDUSTRY THAT IS PREVALENT ON FIVE CONTINENTS. 45% OF CHOCOLATE REVENUE COMES FROM EUROPE NEARLY 2/3 OF THE WORLD'S COCOA IS PRODUCED IN WESTERN AFRICA James

History of Chocolate

shared by klam27 on Mar 22


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