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Growing Herb Plants Indoors

Growing Herbs INDOORS Enjoy fresh herbs all winter long with expert tips. oregano thyme rosemary sage basil parsley chives bay Rosemary the easiest Others will do fairly well, too Many herbs are best propagated for indoor growing. You can lift them before the first frost in the fall, keep them potted indoors over the winter, and set them back out in spring. The most important part of growing herbs is making sure they get proper light, here's why. 1. LIGHT Why It Matters .... Herbs are sun worshippers, hailing from the Mediterranean region of the world. Plants absorb sunlight and convert it into energy through photosynthesis. Plants cannot tolerate inadequate light, so make sure that they sit in an east- or west-facing window. They will require no less than 5-6 hours of sun a day. In winter, light intensity diminishes. sunlight THE BASICS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS The leaves absorb energy contained inside light. This conversion process is basic to life and it is through plants that sunlight is converted into energy. All this takes place in special cells called chloroplasts. These specialized light-absorbing cells produce chlorophyll. Chlorophyll absorbs light. Energy from light excites electrons attached to the chlorophyll molecule, then the electrons transfer energy to a water molecule, producing Hydrogen and Oxygen. Cell nucleus Cell walls Oxygen atom Hydrogen atoms Photosynthesis strips away the Hydrogen atom leaving only Oxygen. Chloroplasts contain the chlorophyll Oxygen atom Chloroplasts help plants respond to changing light levels by altering their concentrations. The Hydrogen atoms are mixed together with the carbon dioxide to make sugar molecules that the plant can use as its food. When plants don't get enough light, they line up more choloroplasts to catch the lesser amount of light. Carbon atom Basically, the light is giving food and energy to the plant! Oxygen atoms The remaining Oxygen is released into the air. The sugar created by photosynthesis is sent to the rest of the plant for food. 2. LIGHT INTENSITY: Location Matters When there are many hours of light, and it is high intensity, there is more energy available for photosynthesis to take place. When plants grow indoors, the natural light coming through the window is not as strong and the intensity of light drops the further the plant gets away from a window. Just a few feet can reduce light intensity dramatically, up to 50%. 3. LIGHT SPECTRUM: Color Matters Light color represents the different energy frequencies contained within the visible light portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. Plants use the full spectrum of colors for photosynthesis. Infrared < VISIBLE SPECTRUM Ultraviolet 780 nm 390 nm RED Lowest energy frequencies, stimulates overall BLUENIOLET highest frequencies, helps regulate growth within the leaves, plant growth stems and flowers 4. TURN OFF THE LIGHTS: Rest Matters Plants needa break from growing. Respiration is a vital part of their growth process, and the balance between active growth and rest is critical to their biological processes. Botanists tend to divide plants into 3 categories, related to their preferred day length: infographic by: THE prowers SEXCHANGE short-day long-day day neutral Most herbs prefer a short-day in the winter. Opt for a light-cycle of 10-12 hours when growing herbs indoors. Where gardeners go to grow. http://www.thegrowers-exchange.com/

Growing Herb Plants Indoors

shared by bigoak on Oct 31
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Helpful tips & information about growing herb plants indoor.

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Food
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