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Complete History of Coffee Making

THE COMPLETE HISTORY OF COFFEE MAKING The world wouldn't work without coffee. With an estimated 1.6 billion cups being drunk each day you can be sure someone is enjoying a cup right now. cheerie 2,083,333 cups are consumed every 5 minutes BUT HAVE YOU EVER THOUGHT ABOUT THE JOURNEY THE COFFEE TOOK TO GET TO YOU? HARVESTING METHODS STRIPPING METHOD Done by hand, removes all of the cherries and flowers. Produces bad results because of the mixing of good cherries and bad ones. HAND PRECISION Picking cherries when they are ripe by hand. The most time consuming and therby expensive method of harvesting coffee. COMB METHOD Uses a comb to brush trees. Removes all the ripe cherries leaving the unripe ones on the tree. Results in higher quality MECHANICAL METHOD Vibrating machine attached to the trunk of the tree to shake all the ripe cherries loose. harvest but not time effective. Plantation owner rarely paid a premium for this premium method A Timeline of Coffee Makers The Beginning The most enduring Origin Story for coffee is of a religious disciple named Omar. Exiled to a desert and forced to live on the berries of trees, he found coffee beans. With time on his hands, he developed the best way to cook coffee beans: by boiling them in water. Coffee saved Omar's life and he was later made a saint for his discovery! The Early Years Coffee enjoyed its first major popularity in the Muslim countries of Africa and The Middle East. To improve the brewing process coffee beans were ground using a pestle and mortar. Turkish Coffee Ordinarily, the ground beans would be filtered before brewing, but the Turkish method leaves the beans in the pot. The ground coffee is added to a copper pot and boiled slowly to ensure fuller flavour and thicker coffee. This is one of the oldest and most enduring methods of coffee brewing. TYPES OF COFFEE The Filter The French are credited with being the first to introduce the filter process around 1710. This method involved the use of wider, deeper pots that attempted to contain the coffee grounds so they wouldn't enter the cup. GREEN COFFEE Unroasted and unmatured coffee seeds. TYPES OF ROAST GREEN ARABICA Used in Italian Espresso. LIGHT ROASTS Light colour. Milder coffee variety. No oil on the outside of the bean. COFFE CANEPHORA Contains more than 40% of Caffiene than Arabica. Can be cultivated in warmer climates and lower altitudes. MEDIUM ROASTS Medium brown in colour, preferred in America. MEDIUM DARK ROASTS Rich dark colour. Bittersweet aftertaste. DARK ROASTS Black Beans. Pronounced Bitterness. 30% The Vacuum Brewers As coffee grew in popularity, it also grew in quality. In the early 19th Century, vacuum brewers came to prominence. The brewing system was based on vapour pressure and led to completely smooth coffee. Total percentage of coffee Brazil produces of entire worlds output 9. OUNCES 24% The Percolator Average size of coffee cup Water is heated to a boil and then strained through a filtert containing the ground coffee is perhaps the most traditionally popular of all methods and is widely used in millions of home today. 3.1 Total amount of cups of coffee (9 ounces) a typical coffee drinker consumes daily Total percentage of coffee drinkers who drink 13 or more cups of coffee each week 60% 30% Total percentage of coffee consumption that takes place during breakfast hours Total percentage of coffee consumed between meals ESPRESSO The Electric Drip After many years of success, the percolation method was usurped by the electric drip method in the 1970s. This method passes water through the coffee basket using the thermosiphon principle. While popular at its inception and for many years later, this method has lost some of its popularity in recent years. The Espresso Machine The first cup of espresso coffee is said to have been made by an Italian in 1884. In recent years the espresso machine has been at the heart of a huge coffee boom. Nestle have taken advantage of this craze with their Nespresso shops now a fixture in the world's prominent shopping districts. 65% Total percentage of coffee drinkers who add cream and/or sugar 35% Total percentage of coffee drinkers who prefer their coffee black The Future The popularity of coffee drinking shows no signs of slowing down and nor does manufacturers' desire to come up the perfect system. One of the most stylish and innovative new methods is that of the AeroPress which uses a rubber plunge similar to a syringe in order to produce the perfect cup. 54% 68% Total percentage of coffee drinkers who say coffee makes them feel more like their self Total percentage of coffee drinkers who have a a cup within the first hour of waking up

Complete History of Coffee Making

shared by joe.shervell on Oct 16
This is a complete guide to making coffee around the world. How much is consumed, where it's consumed the most and the history of brewing and harvesting methods over time.






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