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Can Insects Feed a Hungry Planet?

BON APPÉTIT! CAN INSECTSS FEED A HUNGRY PLANET? Around the world, 2 billion people eat insects on a regular basis. The current hotbeds – or should we say, hot pots – of consumption include Latin America, central Africa and Southeast Asia. As we look for new ways to feed a burgeoning global population, will entomophagy spread to other corners of the globe? WHO'S EATING INSECTS? an 2 billion en to mopha•gy 1,400,000,000 to 1 Number of people globally who regularly eat insects noun (entə 'mäfəjē) The consumption of insects as food, particularly by people. There are an estimated 1.4 billion insects for every person on Earth 300 grams 150-200 LOCATION MATTERS Billions of people already consume insects. Some countries have a higher number Averoge weekly household consumption Number of species of edible insect of cacerpllars in Kinshasa, Democrotie species consumed in Southeast Asla Republic of the Congo of recorded edible insects than others, though. Recorded number of edible insect species 1-25 25-50 50-100 100-200 200-300 300+ WHICH INSECTS ARE WE EATING? According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the most commonly consumed insects include: 18% Lepidoptera | caterpillars 10% 14% 31% 6% other orders Hemiptera | cicadas, leaf and planthoppers, scale insects and true bugs Hymenoptera | bees, wasps and ants Coleoptera | beetles 3% 13% Odonata | dragonfties Isoptera | termites 2% Diptera | flies Orthoptera | grasshoppers, locusts and crickets ARE INSECTS NOURISHING? Entrepreneurs at the front lines of introducing insects to Western diets are grinding bugs into flour and adding them to products such as energy bars. How does one product – the Chapul Bar – made from cricket flour stand up Insects provide high-quality protein, nutrients and fatty acids and are also rich in fiber and micronutrients such as copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, selenium and zinc. Fe competitors? price protein 48-61% Protein content of the mopane caterpillar – a regular part of human diets in Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe and South Africa. Chapul Bar $2.67 | 5-8g Original Clif Bar $1.25 | 10g 254 calories 172 100 17g protein 21g 17g 100g 18mg calcium 21mg Special K Protein Bar $1.00| 10g Clif Builder's Bar 48mg $1.75| 20g ARE WE ALREADY EATING INSECTS? According to a recent article in Scientific American, "Staples like broccoli, canned tomatoes, and hops readily contain 'insect fragments' – heads, thoraxes, and legs – The amount per person of flies, maggots 1,900 and other insects unknowingly consumed The number of edible 1kg) by the 5 billion "non-insect-eating" consumers each year. insects on Earth and even whole insects." WHAT ARE THE ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS OF FARMING INSECTS? Crickets need 1/12 as much feed as cattle, 1/4 as much feed as sheep, and half as much feed as pigs and broiler chickens for the same amount of protein. How many gallons of water are needed per gram of protein? 20,000] 15.8 gallons cricket farmers worldwide 5.8 gallons 5.2 gallons ÅÅÅÅ 80% of a cricket is edible, compared to 40% of a cow. 1.6 gallons 0.8 gallons 720 Global animal feed production in 2010. Insects can supplement a portion of traditional feed sources such as soy, corn, grain, Crickets lay 1,200-1,500 eggs every 3-4 weeks. million tons and fishmeal. SOURCES: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Smithsonian Institution, Scientific American For more information on entomophagy around the world, visit fao.org and download the report Edible insects: Future Prospects for Food and Feed Security. Infographic by Anna Egelhoff | Copy by Todd Reubold Research by John Sisser ensia.com

Can Insects Feed a Hungry Planet?

shared by Ensia on Sep 20
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Around the world two billion people eat insects on a regular basis. The current hotbeds — or should we say, hot pots — of consumption include Latin America, central Africa and Southeast Asia. As w...

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