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What Happens to Scrap Vehicles?

WHAT HAPPENS TO: SCRAP VEHICLES Is it as green as we think? AFTER A CAR'S LIFE ON THE ROAD, IT HEADS TO THE... SALVAGE YARD: To be stripped of all usable & re-salable parts Then a licensed vehicle recycler puts it through 2 DEPOLLUTION: SPECIAL COMPONENTS (mercury switches & carburettors) removed & recycled ALL FLUIDS (brake, wiper, petrol, motor oil, etc) drained & recycled TYRES removed & recycled Processing plants recycle about 75% of every car Did you know?... Auto recycling is a $22 billion/year industry! Next stop THE CRUSHER: for flattening before being shipped to... THE GRINDER which blends cars into fist-sized chunks Steel A giant magnet separates heavy metals (steel, iron, etc.) Iron Non-ferrous metals (aluminium, copper, etc.) separated by weight plastics Aluminium Copper An industrial vacuum suctions off plastics debris And the remaining debris (about 15-25%) goes into landfills That debris consists of... 33% resins 16% urethane foam 15% fabric 8% iron 7% rubber 7% glass 5% wire harnesses 4% non-ferrous metals 3% wood 2% paper BATTERIES? But what about batteries? Traditional Lead-Acid Batteries... Are the most recycled consumer good in the world. Over 99% make it to recycling plants! Yield 97% of their original lead content during recycling Are built with 60-80% recycled material But it's not all good news... STRICT REGULATIONS IN THE US, UK & EU drive up recycling costs and displace recycling work to developing nations where environmental codes are lax 20 MILLION BATTERIES were shipped US-Mexico in 2011 In September alone = 60 full 18-wheelers Between 2004-2011, US-Mexico battery exports rose by over 449% RISKS OF LEAD EXPOSURE = high blood pressure, kidney damage, abdominal pain, & neurological impairment in children IN MEXICO, licensed processing plants can release 20x more than their US counterparts BUT MILLIONS OF BATTERIES are processed annually in heavily polluting unlicensed plants Electric Vehicle (EV) Batteries Two Types: Nickel-Metal Hydride & Lithium-lon Recyclers shred batteries to reclaim: nickel, copper, cobalt, Neither contains the and lithium carbonate caustic toxins in lead-acid batteries Lithium-ion batteries must be frozen at very low temperatures before recycling EV BATTERIES ARE... Zero-landfill items because their 70-100% recyclable (depending on type) “non-recyclable" material becomes slag WHAT IS SLAG? Any by-product of EV battery recycling that can't Almost 5% of global C02 emissions are produced by cement manufacturing be used in new batteries Slag is used to strengthen concrete mixtures, in turn reducing global cement demand Top recycling initiatives by EV MANUFACTURERS TOYOTA GM & NISSAN MOTORS TESLA MOTORS Offers $200-per-pack to those Collect and resell batteries Collects and recycles who return spent EV batteries. Collects and ships batteries to to wind and solar energy 60% of each battery companies for reuse. pack in N. America Japan for efficient recycling (Note: Aviation and commercial shipping and 99% of each Their spent vehicle batteries account for +5.3% of all pack in Europe. greenhouse gas emissions) still hold about 70% capacity. GOVERNMENT GRANTS Government grants support EV battery recycling plants USA GERMANY $. UK $9.5 million $8.2 million $813,000 to Aexon to Toxco to Chemetall THE FACTS ABOUT SCRAP Approximate annual totals in 2012 USA 12 million vehicles recycled CHINA 1.65 million vehicles recycled UK EU 2.1 million vehicles recycled 8.5 million vehicles recycled OUT WITH THE OLD The average vehicle lifetime is about 13 years IN BEIJING 22% of cars on the road are 8+ years old, yet account for... 50% of automobile pollution Did you know?... 86% of CO2 emissions Recycling car plastics saves an estimated 24 million barrels of oil annually in the US alone! 40% of hydrocarbon emissions 56% of nitric oxide emissions RESOURCE LIST (United Recyclers Group) (Clean Skies News) (Commission for Enviornmental Cooperation) 16054928.htm (China Daily News) pagewanted=all&_r=0

What Happens to Scrap Vehicles?

shared by Mkar on Dec 03
1 share
Most people don't think about what happens to their cars once they trade them in or scrap them. This infographic concentrates on the end-of-life process - with some interesting information on the uniq...



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