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Urban Air Pollution

Go Green Keep the Air Clean Steps you can take to improve air quality Green walls are walls made of grass, climbing ivy, or other plant types These walls can trap harmful chemical compounds at ground level and also absorb gas emissions Drive Less One full commuter bus can mean 40 less These walls could reduce air pollution by as much as 33% cars going through your neighborhood save energy: Try to use minimum amounts of natural gas and even electricity. Whenever possible, avoid the use of air conditioner and use a fan instead. Nationally, urban trees and shrubs offer the ability to remove significant amounts of air pollutants and consequently improve environmental quality and human health. PM NO. Co RECYCLE It takes energy to make and sell products Cut energy use by recycling and reusing items Don't burn wood or trash Steps to clean up pollution may have added 5 months to the average lifespan, You can protect your family by avoiding exercising or working outdoors when the unhealthy air is expected What is in Air Pollution? ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS MAJOR HEALTH Cars & Trucks 21% SOURCES EFFECTS Precursor to acid rain, which damages lakes, cardiovascular illness rivers, and trees; damage so, Industry Respiratory and Household & Other Products to cultural relics Nitrogen deposition leading to over- fertilization and eutrophication NO, Vehicles; industry Respiratory and cardiovascular illness 38% Industry 18% Particles penetrate deep into lungs and can enter Visibility bloodstream Headaches and fatigue. especially in people with weak cardiovascular health Accumulates in bloodstream over time; damages nervous system Air pollution affects kids more than adults because, for their body size, kids breathe more air and spend more time playing outside. PM Vehicles; industry CO Vehicles Non-Road 23% Engines Vehicles (burning leaded gasoline) Lead Fish/animal kills Some of the biggest sources of air pollution are dirty power plants, old diesel vehicles and heavy equipment, and ocean-going vessels. Formed from reaction Ozone of NO, and VOCS Reduced crop production and forest growth; smog Respiratory illness precursor Eye and skin irritation; nausea; headaches: carcinogenic Vehicles; industrial VOcs Smog precursor processes Living in a major city places people at a higher risk of having a heart ailment than living in the radioactive zone in Chernobyl. The Guidelines indicate that by reducing particulate matter (PM10) pollution from 70 to 20 micrograms per cubic metre, we can cut air quality related deaths by around 15%. 33% of people in China live in such polluted cities, that the air they breathe is equivalent to smoking 2 packets of cigarettes every day • Particulate Matter is small particles in the air that we breathe in : k gets into the lungs and causes premature deaths AVOIDED PREMATURE METROPOLITAN AREA DEATHS, ANNUALLY Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA New York-Newark-Edison, NY-NJ-PA 3,290 Chicago-Naperville-Joliet. IL-IN-WI Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 2,240 1,550 One study looking at urban air pollution in Europe suggests that up to 10.7% of lung cancer cases considered were related to exposure to air pollution. Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 1,360 Pittsburgh, PA 1,270 Urban outdoor air pollution | O is estimated to cause 1.3 million deaths worldwide Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI 970 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA 930 Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH 780 per year 10 Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN 650 Amajor air pollutant in cities is the ozone that occurs at ground level. When inhaled, ozone causesteduced lung capacity, choking, and -coughing. 70,000 premature deaths in the U.S. each year are tied to air pollution The Ozone and Photochemical oxidants create smog When VOCs and NOx combine in presence of sunlight, Photochemical Oxidants are created The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 1.5 billion people living in urban areas throughout the world breathe dangerous levels of air pollution. Urban Air Pollution NO + +0: → 03 (Ozone) NO + VOCS > Photochemical Oxidants Cars are responsible for 40% to 90% of the world's air pollution Pollution-facts.html SOURCES: REUSE

Urban Air Pollution

shared by holsson on Mar 31
PSA for AP environmental project that warns of the dangers of Urban Air pollution and how we can stop it.


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