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Plastic management

UN O environment PLASTIC Say farewell to single-use plastic! management DIFFERENT TYPES OF PLASTIC High-density polyethylene (HDPE) Your dry cleaning garment bags Linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) Low-density polyethylene (LPDE) Single-use lightweight bags Shoppping bags EXAMPLES OF SINGLE-USE PLASTICS Bottles Straws Food Shopping bags Cups packaging GOOD, BAD AND UGLY SIDE OF PLASTIC 80% By 2050 Plastic is durable, versatile and cheap Plastic degrades slowly Lightweight bags are eaten by livestock and wildlife of all plastic ends up in the ocean equivalent oceans will have more plastic than fish to 8-12 million tonnes PLASTIC ECONOMY Since 1950 8.3 billion tonnes of plastic produced and 6.3 billion tonnes 322 million tonnes of plastic produced in 2013 of plastic waste produced 2017 95% 9% $750 6000 plastic packaging or $80-120 billion is lost every year of plastic waste recycled people are employed in the $9 million plastic recycling industry in Uganda billion annual revenue 4.8-12.7 million metric tonnes of waste dispersed in oceans damage ecosystem to the tune of $8 billion FACTS AND FIGURES In Kenya, 40% of cattle that died during the drought had ingested significant amount of plastic bags 275 million metric tonnes of waste generated in 192 coastal countries is made of plastic Ammonium levels increase exponentially on plots covered by bags NH4+ Marshland covered by plastic bag has lower oxygen level and less organisms 80% of litter in oceans is plastic KENYA AND PLASTIC EVERY YEAR: 30 plastic manufacturing units sell plastic products for at total $406 million Kenya exports plastic products to Tanzania and Uganda for a total of $9.52 million Supermarkets hand out 100 million single-use plastic bags Kenya has joined UN Environment #CleanSeas campaign and declared a ban on the use, manufacture and import of all single-use plastic bags CHAMPION COUNTRIES TACKLING PLASTIC POLLUTION • Australia Bangladesh Belgium Botswana • Brazil Burkina Faso Cameroon China Colombia Cote d'Ivoire Congo, Republic of Denmark • Mali • Mauritania • Mauritius • Mexico • Morocco • Mozambique • Nigeria • Rwanda • Senegal • South Africa • Tanzania • Uganda • United Kingdom • United States Guinea-Bissau Kenya • Ireland • Italy • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia • Malawi Egypt Eritrea • Ethiopia • France • Germany EXAMPLES OF INTERVENTIONS Ban plastic Levy on single-use plastic Biologically sourcing material for plastic cups, cutlery and plates Ban of Ban on single-use plastic microbeads cups and cutlery water pollutants Use reusable or degradable shopping bags made from starch, corn or potatoes Advocate for Buy unpackaged food single-use plastic tax What can you do? Pressure companies to use less plastic Use paper, steel or bamboo straws Lobby for plastic management strategies and recycling regulation Look for alternative packaging, for example paper Invest in reusable containers and coffee mug www.unep.org www.nema.go.ke www.environment.go.ke #CleanSeas 18

Plastic management

shared by RazionaleFantasia on Sep 09
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UN environment Plastic management Say farewell to single-use plastic!

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