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MasterTech: July 2011

UNDERSTANDING CHINESE ENERGY Well Home. Improve the weather inside. Public Opinion 1st Annual World Environment Review, published on June 5, 2007 revealed that, in a sample of 1024 people (50% male) Wind power China has the largest wind resources in the world and three-quarters of them are offshore. China is the fourth largest producer of wind power, after the United States, Germany, and Spain. 100GW Fact 100 GW I Government Target 80GW 88% are concerned about climate change. 97% think their Government should do more to tackle 60GW global warming. 40GW 25.1 GW 20GW 12.2 GW 10 GW 2008 2009 2010 2020 63% think that China is too dependent on fossil fuels. 56% think that China is too reliant on foreign oil. 250GW I Fact Hydropower Total installations of hydropower reached 145,000 MW in 2007. China has set a target of 190,000 MW for 2010. I Government Target 190 GW 200GW 150GW 145 GW 100GW Solar power 91% think that a minimum 25% of electricity should be generated from renewable 50GW 61% are concerned China produces 30% of the worlds solar photovoltaics (PV) about nuclear power. energy sources. China has become a world leader in the manufacture of solar 2007 photovoltaic technology, with its six biggest solar companies having a combined value of over $ 15 billion. Around 820 megawatts of solar PV were produced in China in 2007, second only to Japan. 2008 2009 2010 250.000MW I Fact I Government Target 20000 MW 200.000mW 79% are concerned about 150.000MW 25M TPY 62% think it appropriate for developed countries to demand restrictions on carbon dioxide emissions from developing countries. I Fact I Government Target carbon dioxide emissions from developing countries. 100.000MW 20M TPY 50.000MW 15 Million tpy 15M TPY a survey published in August 2007 by China Youth Daily and the British Council sampled 2,500 Chinese with an average age of 30.1. 20 MW 50 MW 2007 2008 2009 10M TPY 2010 Biomass and biofuel 6 Million tpy the world's third largest producer of ethanol bio-fuels (after the U.S. and Brazil) 5M TPY 2007 2008 2009 2010 VVV.VV. 80% of young Chinese are concerned about global warming. 10,000,000 9,000,000 Electricity Production (KWH) 4,110,259,050,000 Percentage of global total 8,000,000 3,816,000,000 3,221,798,270,000 5,000,000,000 21.5% 3,640,000,000 1,460 Electricity consumption (MW h/yr) 7,000,000 20.2% Annual CO2 6,103,493 emissions 277 6,000,000 5,752,289 Average power per capita (watts per person) 4,000,000,000 2,820,000,000 5,000,000 13.8% World Annual CO2 700 emissions : 28,431,741 (in thousands of metric tons) 4,000,000 3,914,359 3,000,000,000 3,000,000 982,998,790,000 5.5% 5.3% 1,009,445,000,000 589,042,000,000 2,000,000 4.6% 985,200,000 2,000,000,000 1,564,669 974,200,000 1,510,351 593,400,000 1,000,000 1,293,409 785 868 822.22 China thuE US EU Russia II Japan 1,000,000,000 India US China EU Russia Japan Germany Figure 6. All Fossil Fuel Energy Reserves Total Countries in Proven + Unproven Reserves (Quadrillion Btu's) 9,000 8,000 7,000 Proved Fossil Fuel Energy Reserves 6,000 Top 15 Countries (Quadrillion Btu's) 5,000 6,000 4,000 5,000 3,000 4,000 2,000 1,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 Russia China Iran Nigeria Brazil India Iraq United States Saudi Arabia Kazakhstan U.S. Venezuela China Iran India Qatar Iraq Canada I Proved Reserves Kuwait United Arab Emirates Nigeria Kazakhstan Venezuela I Undiscovered Reserves Australia-NZInd United Arab Emrts I Oil Q-Btu I Natural Gas Q-Btu I Coal Q-Btu Quadrillion Btu's of Energy Canada Australia-NZlnd Qatar Quadrillion Btu's of Energy Russia Saudi Arabia

MasterTech: July 2011

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As the world looks to a more energy efficient future, it is economic and population powerhouses such as China that will come under the most intense scrutiny. By carefully examining the Chinese energy ...


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