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Energy Saver Infographic: Home Heating

Energy Saver 101: SAVER EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT НOME HEATING DID YOU KNOW? 45% 57% Space heating is the largest energy expense in the average U.S. home, accounting for about 45 percent of energy bills. The most common home heating fuel is natural gas, and it's used in about 57 percent of American homes. Between 2007 and 2012, the average U.S. household spent more than O $700 $1,700 on heating using natural gas on heating homes using heating oil. ENERGY-SAVING TIP Before upgrading your heating system, improve the efficiency of your house. This will allow you to purchase a smaller unit, saving you money on the upgrade and operating costs. All heating systems have three basic components. HOW HEATING SYSTEMS WORK If your heating system isn't working properly, one of these basic components could be the problem. 68 The heat source - most The heat distribution The control system - most commonly a furnace, boiler or system - such as forced air or commonly a thermostat -- heat pump - provides warm air or water to heat the house. radiators - moves warm air, steam regulates the amount of or hot water through the home. heat that is distributed. DID YOU KNOW? Furnaces and boilers are often called CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS because the heat is generated in a central location and then distributed throughout the house. ENERGY- INSTALL A PROGRAMMABLE THERMOSTAT and save big on your energy bills! Save an estimated 10 percent a year on heating and cooling SAVING TIP costs by using a programmable thermostat. TYPES OF HEAT SOURCES FOR HEATING SYSTEMS: НЕАT ACTIVE SOLAR ELECTRIC FURNACES BOILERS PUMPS HEATING HEATING Afunace heats airand usesa blower motor and ar ducts to detribute wam a throughout Aboler heats water to proide hot water or ten for heating that then distributed through aseries of pipes A heat pump puls heat from the unding air to warm the house. Rcan alo be used for home coolng The sun heats aliquid or arina solar colector to provide immediate heat or store for Sometimes called electric istance heating, electk heating is any pocin which the house electicity is comverted ineo heat EFFICIENCY EFFICIENCY EFFICIENCY EFFICIENCY EFFICIENCY 50.00.SK. depending 68-10 HSPE 50-90%, depending on the system's age Not applicable on the system's age LIFE EXPECTANCY LIFE EXPECTANCY LIFE EXPECTANCY LIFE EXPECTANCY LIFE EXPECTANCY 15-30 years 15-30 vears 15 years 20+ years FUEL FUEL FUEL FUEL Nahal ga, propane, Naural ga propane heating ol, biodesel blen lectricty Elecicty PRO PRO PRO PRO Can provide both your Can reduce your fuel bilk. Inepensive Easier to practice one hesting pnly heating eing and coling needh if you lie in Inespensive eqipment cost and high afticiency moderate dimate. CON CON CON CON The blower fan Some t can be pensire to inetal Can requireasecond heating surce, which makes the iitial purchase Can bepenve operate compand to combution applances Expenve to wtall and can be loud reqir minimum emperture to prevnt pipes from freing TYPES OF DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS FOR HEATING SYSTEMS: FORCED AIR STEAM RADIANT HOT WATER ELECTRIC SYSTEM RADIANT HEATING BASEBOARDS BASEBOARDS The most common bype of home heating sytam, aforced a syetem dietributes heat from a Kmace theoughout the home using air duts and vents One of the okdest types of heating systems, team adiant heating usesradaton to Radiant heating - which can be nstaled as foor collng or wall panele-ransfers heat directy from a hot srface to people and Similar to radiant heating, ho ater baseboah also called hydronic heat ue hot water to heat a spece va wal-mounted A type of zone heater dectic baboand elease heated air out of the top while puling cooler a to the botom of PRO PRO PRO Quet operation an kow maintenance Can be used fer coolna Ralatively touble fres Doese't distrte Provide dose nand allergens CON CON CON CON CON Dibutes lerger throughout the houe Limits furu placement and dow to increase temperature Limits furnitur placement Requires separate diribution wstem Can be pensve to install and repairf pblems aie ENERGY-SAVING TIP ENERGY.SAVING TIP ENERGY-SAVING TIP ENERGY SAVING TIP ENERGY.SAVING T Blead trapped airfom het water raditor which can mpede fow of hot wa throughout the nystem When intaing ina wood-framed loor, conder covetng it with ceramic sles which a thermal ma Instal a programmable thermostat to take adantage of aone heaing Clean your air ihen monthly and replace the Clean the heating cols regulaty to prolong the heaters eand mintain hs efficiency COMPATIBLE HEAT SOURCE SYSTEMS COMPATIBLE HEAT SOURCE SYSTEMS COMPATIBLE HEAT SOURCE SYSTEM COMPATIBLE HEAT COMPATIBLE HEAT SOURCE SYSTEM SOURCE SYSTEMS Furnae, heat pump ative solar heting Boler hest pump, tive solr heat dactic heting Boiler ative olar heating Electric heating MEASURING A HEATING SYSTEM'S EFFICIENCY The efficiency of COMBUSTION HEATING APPLIANCES (FURNACES AND BOILERS) is measured by ANNUAL FUEL UTILIZATION EFFICIENCY (AFUE). how efficient the appliance is at converting the energy in its fuel to heat the annual fossil fuel AFUE = energy consumed by the appliance. 56-70% 80-83% 90-98.5% AFUE AFUE AFUE furnace boiler old, low-efficiency heating systems mid-efficiency heating systems high-efficiency heating systems A HEAT PUMP can be used for both heating and cooling. A heat pump's cooling efficiency is measured using the seasonal energy efficiency ratio (SEER), while its heating efficiency is measured using heating season performance factor (HSPF) or coefficient of performance (COP), depending on the type of heat pump. WHAT'S THE DIFFERENCE? the total electrical HSPF total space heating required during the heating season energy consumed during the same season. HSPF ranges from 6.8-10. heat COP ranges from 2-4. the amount of СОР provided energy input. %D TYPES OF SPACE HEATERS Sometimes called point-of-use heaters, space heaters provide supplemental heat to a specific room. Since safety is a big concern with space heaters, every home should have a carbon monoxide detector installed. E==E E==N WOOD OR PORTABLE & DIRECT FIREPLACE PELLET STOVES VENT WALL HEATERS Wood-buming vtoves area good heating option for those who e in an aa where wood is readly avlable. Pullet stoves typically are more eficient than wood tove but may require servicing Portable heaters are used when the main heating system is inadequate or when central heating is too costly to instal or operate. Portable heaten can ther be elecic or cobustion Whle some freplaces ae only decorative, others can be used as a heting source. Instalinga heat- change tem in the chney will help blow the wam a back into the room. SAFETY SAFETY SAFETY Folow mandacturer intructiom kor Instalation and make sure to have your wood and pelet stoves reglaly deaned to improve efficiency and safety Fnot used properly, unvented portable combution heaters can be dangero cning carbon monode poioning wvere e and ven death. To enure sate operation, follow al manufacturer derections All unvented combustion space heters should be labeled to verify complance wih ANSI Z21.11.2 Fieplaces should be inspected regularly to enure the chimney is cean and that the fireplace drats propety SELECTING A HEATING SYSTEM Before replacing your heating system, consider the following: FUEL CLIMATE EFFICIENCY SIZE The heating fuals available depend on where you live in the U.S. For example, in the Northeast heating oil is mone popular because The type of heating system you buy will depend on where you live. In warmer climates, you might only need space heaters, while in colder climates, you might consider a central heating system. The higher a heating system efficiency is, the higher the purchase cost but the lower the operating costs. Look for ENERGY STAR products, which exceed the minimum standards for officiency Proper sizing is as important as f your heating system is too big for your home, it will cost more to operate. Work with a professional oontractor to find and install the best heating system for your home. there is Imited access to natural gas HEATING SYSTEM MAINTENANCE Periodic maintenance can extend the life of your heating system and minimize efficiency loss. CLEAN FILTERS MONTHLY and replace them regularly. Check air ducts and heating pipes to make sure they are PROPERLY SEÁLED. Make sure air vents, baseboard heaters and radiators aren't obstructed. REMOVE DIRT, SOOT OR CORROSION FROM THE SYSTEM, and clean the heat exchanger to maintain heating levels. TIPS FOR CUTTING YOUR HEATING BILLS In winter months, open your curtains during the day to naturally heat your home and close them at night to keep the heat inside. Use a programmable thermostat to set your heater back while you are away or asleep. Consider air sealing your home and adding insulation to your walls and attic to help retain your home's heat. Up to 25 percent of your home's heat is lost through small cracks and holes throughout your home. Seal your air ducts, and make sure they are properly insulated when they are installed in an unheated area of the home, such as an attic or crawlspace. Weatherstrip around your doors and windows to keep warm air from escaping. Set your celing fan to spin clockwise to blow the rising hot air down. Make sure your chimney is clean. Sources: Energy Saver govee aver, Weatherization Assistance Program Technical Assistance Center n Administration ( and U.S. ENERGY.GOV

Energy Saver Infographic: Home Heating

shared by googlear on Feb 05
This Energy Saver infographic everything you need to know about home heating - from how heating systems work and the different types on the market to what to look for when replacing your system and pr...


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