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Conservation Stories: Successes & Failures in Wildlife Preservation

CONSERVATION STORIES -SUCCESSES& FAILURES IN WILDLIFE PRESERVATION- Wildlife preservation is an ongoing battle. While we have had some success in preserving wildlife, there are other battles that we are losing. Some battles have also been lost along the way and we need to learn from those. ANIMALS THAT WE HAVE HELPED From herds numbering tens of millions, Bison were hunted down to as few as 750 in the 1890s. THE AMERICAN BISON Between 1868 and 1881, 31 million were slaughtered by hunters and fur traders. Through conservation initiatives, the population has rebounded to 350,000 individuals. The white rhino is a major conservation success story, having been brought back from the very brink of extinction. SOUTHERN WHITE RHINO In the late 1800s it was considered extinct, but a small population of 50 animals was rediscovered in South Africa. Though poaching is still a problem, the population has swelled to 11,000 and is still growing. The Golden Lion Tamarin Conservation Program was created in 1983 to protect the animal in their natural habitat. GOLDEN LION TAMARINS They were thought extinct until the 1970s, when 200 were discovered in the Atlantic coastal forest of Brazil. The monkey has now been reintroduced to 17 forest fragments and 1200 now live in the wild. As a result of 10 years of continuous conservation efforts in Huai Kha Khaeng, a wildlife sanctuary in Thailand, tiger numbers have increased. In 2013, the mean abundance of tigers showed the average tiger estimate in Huai Kha Khaeng, to be 50% higher than in 2007. TIGERS This gives us hope that maintaining protection in this area will make it possible for tigers and other wildlife to continue to disperse and repopulate areas. The smallest member of the camelid family - famed for its valuable wool – was hunted down to 6,000 individuals in the 1960s. VICUNAS After receiving protection in 1975, the population of vicunas swelled. In 2008 there were 350,000 vicunas and the species is now soundly managed. Today some poor communities are even able to trade in cloth made from vicuna wool again. ANIMALS THAT NEED MORE HELP The Amur Leopard is the rarest and most endangered big cat in the world. They face extinction because habitat destruction and a loss of prey animals due to poaching. AMUR LEOPARD Today, around 30 individual Amur leopards remain in the wild. By 1970, there were 65,000 of the animals left, a figure now much smaller due to further poaching. BLACK RHINOS The demand of rhino horn in Chinese medicines led to a 96% decline in black rhino numbers betweEn 1970 and 1991. There are just 5,055 black rhinos left in the wild. The smallest of the Asian elephants, the Sumatran elephant's numbers have declined by 80% in less than 25 years. SUMATRAN ELEPHANT This is due to deforestation, habitat loss and human-elephant conflict in Sumatra. Around 2,400 to 2,800 individuals survive today. The current population is estimated to be a few dozen. Saola are hunted to supply growing SAOLA demands for traditional medicine in China and food markets in Vietnam and Laos. Habitat loss and reduced genetic diversity also threaten this species' already dwindling population. They are the most endangered lemur species in Madagascar. GREATER BAMBOO LEMUR 60 still exist in the wild and a 150 in captivity. Illegal logging, lemur hunting and severe depletion of bamboo mean this species might not survive much longer. ANIMALS WHERE WE LOST THE BATTLE These tigers once existed across the Australian continent, but their habitat had been reduced to the island of Tasmania TASMANIAN TIGERS by the time European settlers arrived. They were believed to kill livestock and were often shot and trapped. They were declared a protected species in 1936, the same year the last known specimen died. The Great Awk was a flightless coastal bird. THE GREAT AUK They were slaughtered in huge numbers until the late 18th century. Although hunting declined, the rare birds became a prized specimen for collectors and they were driven to extinction by the mid-1850s. The Quagga was hunted for its hide and killed by ranchers who believed the animals competed with livestock for grazing area. THE QUAGGA Unfortunately, The Quagga was vulnerable to extinction due to its limited distribution. z00 The last known Quagga died at the Amsterdam Zoo in 1883. The passenger pigeon may have once constituted 25% to 40% of the bird population in the U.S. As many as 3 to 5 billion of these birds were alive when PASSENGER PIGEON Europeans arrived. The 19th century brought widespread hunting and trapping of the birds, which severely diminished their populations. The last passenger pigeon, named "Martha," died at age 29 at the Cincinnati Zoo in 1914. The Tecopa Pupfish was native to the Mojave desert in California and could survive in waters as warm as 108 degrees Fahrenheit. Human development around the Tecopa Hot Springs in the mid-20th century and the channelling of two springs together left the habitat unsuitable for the small fish. THE TECOPA PUPFISH The Tecopa pupfish became extinct by 1970. ENCOURAGING MEASURES IN PLACE WILDLIFE RESERVES COVER 10% OF THE EARTH'S LAND In 1872 Yellowstone National Park in the US became the world's first modern wildlife reserve - now there are 44,000. All the areas cover almost 14 million km?, an area equivalent in size to India and China combined. bexaain 2004, Brazil established the world's largest reserve, Tumucumaque National Park, which is larger than Belgium. GOOD NEWS FOR OCEANS President Obama expanded the Pacific Remote Islands National Marine Monument from 87,000 square miles to more than 490,000 square miles. The Government of Gabon are creating a new marine protected area network of 10 marine parks covering more than 18,000 square miles. The Government of Bangladesh created the country's first marine protected area, which will now safeguard whales, dolphins, sea turtles, sharks, and other oceanic species. NEPAL CELEBRATES A YEAR OF ZERO POACHING In 2014, Nepal achieved a full year of no poaching. Not a single case of rhino, elephant or tiger poaching took place for 365 days-This is the second time Nepal has had a year of zero poaching since 2011. WWF has supported wildlife conservation in Nepal since the 1960s and has nearly 100 local staff and WWF many partners making advances in conservation. REFERENCES planetsave.com/2015/05/31/5-animals-gone-extinct-past-50-years thedodo.com/5-remarkable-conservation-succ-520469510.html huffingtonpost.com/dr-cristian-samper/we-can-make-a-difference_b_6401734.html onegreenplanet.org/animalsandnature/awesome-animal-conservation-success-stories newscientist.com/article/dn9963-top-10-conservation-successes-and-failures worldwildlife.org/stories/10-wwf-success-stories-of-2014 d2ouvy59p0dg6k.cloudfront.net/downloads/wwf_better_futures_sign_off.pdf matadornetwork.com/change/13-species-might-say-goodbye-2015 ibtimes.co.uk/world-wildlife-day-2015-5-critically-endangered-species-dying-out-wild-1490135 huffingtonpost.com/2013/10/22/11-extinct-animals_n_4078988.html panda.org/what_we_do/endangered_species/rhinoceros/african_rhinos/white_rhinoceros savetheliontamarin.org/our-history irishexaminer.com/examviral/animal-life/6-success-stories-that-prove-animals-can-be-saved-by-conservation-315806.html ANYPEST anypest.ca

Conservation Stories: Successes & Failures in Wildlife Preservation

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The info-graphic outlines areas of wildlife preservation where we have been successful, preservation battles we are losing, and battles we have already lost. For example the American Bison was hunted...

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