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Special Education Goes High Tech

Special Ed Goes HIGH TECH How technology is shaping education for America's special needs students. THE GOOD NEWS: THE BAD NEWS: Students with speech delays, autism, cerebral palsy and Down Syndrome have found new ways to express themselves, thanks to modern technology The federal government is only able to cover about 15 percent of the cost of educating a special needs child. 6 MILLION (about 10 percent) of all school-aged kids recieve special education services $44 BILLION (or, about 86%) of the cost falls to local and state school districts $51 BILLION estimated cost of education those 6 million children PERCENTAGE OF STUDENTS BY DISABILITY (AGES 6 TO 17) 21% 8% 2% Speech or language impairments hearing or visual Emotional Disorders impairment 12 8% Other, including multiple disabilities, orthopedic impairments, autism, traumatic brain injury 51% 10% Specific learning disabilities Mental Retardation A BRIEF HISTORY OF CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL EDUCATION NEEDS SAD BUT TRUE: Before the 1800s persons with physical and mental disabilities were targets of discrimination across most cultures. On virtually every continent there are records of isolation, exclusion, and even destruction of persons with disabilities Late 1800s-early 1900s: First public schools for children with disabilities were established in the U.S. These were segregated programs, and often served children with specific disabilities. 1918: Compulsory education laws passed, though many children with disabilities were routinely excluded from public schools. 1933: Special education advocacy groups begin. 1947: American Association on Mental Deficiency is launched. 1954: Brown . Board of Education extended equal protection under the law to minorities, and paved the way for similar gains for those with disabilities United Cerebral Palsy Association Muscular Dystrophy Association John F. Kennedy's Panel on Mental Retardation. 1965: Congress creates a Bureau of Education for the Handicapped later named Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP). 1975: Public Law 94-142 is passed, requiring public schools to provide an education for students with a broad range of disabilities 1990 and 1997: Public Law 94-142 is reauthorized and renamed, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Before IDEA, very few children with disabilities received LOOKING AHEAD to the FUTURE an adequate education. They frequently suffered discrimination and isolation. TECHNOLOGIES USED IN CLASSROOM TO HELP WITH CHALLENGES INCLUDE: MULTIMEDIA TECHNOLOGY is being employed in the classroom to help witha variety of challenges from hearing and vision loss to limited physical movement. Students who struggle with a pen and pencil find new opportunities to express themselves on the computer. DEVICES TO HELP THE HEARING IMPAIRED: Hearing aid Digital textbooks offer high-quality images, video and audio * Laptops and netbooks have become a low-cost Frequency Modulated Amplification System option for the classroom. capabilities. Audio Loops AUGMENTATIVE AND ALTERNATIVE COMMUNICATION (AAC) DEVICES Infrared Systems Cochlear Implants VOICE RECOGNITION TEXT-TO-VOICE: TECHNOLOGY for those students who available on Telecommunication computers and many eBook readers, this software scans Devices for the Deaf are still challenged by the physical keyboard, voice-recognition technology has greatly improved, often reaching 98% accuracy in simple text documents. text and reads it Captioned Television back to the student. Helpful to the student who needs Live Speech Captioning the audio reinforcement of the words they are reading. TOUCH SCREEN: there may be no need for a physical keyboard. Tapping on a tablet screen with a finger or stylus will give the same results. DEVICES TO HELP THE VISUALLY IMPAIRED: Closed circuit television magnification Computer screen magnification Descriptive video services Screen readers Optical character recognition Braille Note Apex: digital note taker helps visually impaired students take notes. HELPFUL I PAD APPS iPad ? 9:41 AM Grace: Designed for students with Autism Tap to Talk: Aimed at non-verbal students iCommunicate: Creates flash cards Autism Express: Flash card program Learn it Stars: Allows teachers to keep track Dance Party Zoo: To help improve gross motor skills iDress for Weather: Practicing dressing skills iWriteWords: Used to help improve motor skills and handwriting WHAT ARE THE PSYCHOLOGICAL BENEFITS OF THESE NEW TECHNOLOGIES? Students with severe learning disabilities can still benefit from technology to advance their learning. It can allow them to communicate with others in ways not available to them before. Students have decreased anxiety and frustration, and develop a feeling of accomplishment. Special technology can make it possible for a student to stay in his or her class instead of being sent to a special program away from his or her friends and peers. BROUGHT TO YOU BY: SPECIAL-EDUCATION-DEGREE.NET SOURCES

Special Education Goes High Tech

shared by rafaela.moroe on Sep 24
How technology is shaping education for America’s special needs students, with good and bad news.


high tech


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