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Essential Guitar Terms for Beginners

Parts of the GUITAR Tuning Pegs - Twisting the tuning pegs increases or decreases the tension of the string, this changes the pitch accordingly. Fretboard - Attached to the neck, this is where the frets lie, and where you will finger each note. Fretbar - strips of metal found on the fretboard. Each fretbar represents a note. Fret - The space between each fretbar. Strings through vibrations. - Metal or nylon strips of wire that produce sound Neck - The long, wooden stem that connects the headstock of the guitar to the body. Headstock - Attached to the neck where the tuner pegs are located. Pickups an electric guitar. Pickups create a magnetic field which alters the vibrations and the tone of the guitar. - Electro-magnetic strips on the body of Single Coil - A pickup with only one coil around the magnet. Humbucker - A pickup with two coils of opposite polarity around the magnet, which reduces hum. Bridge Pins - On most acoustic guitars, there are pins on the bridge that hold the strings in place. Bridge - Ametal or wooden part on the front of the body that holds the strings in place. Toggle Switch - A lever on the front of the guitar that switches which pickup is activated. Body - The main part of the guitar where you can find the pickups, toggle switches, bridge, and dials. GUITAR Terms & Moves Hammer-on - Playing a note by slamming hard on the fret with your finger. Opposite of a pull-off. Pull-off - Playing a note without picking. Slide - A guitar move where you play a note, and then move that note up or down on the fretboard. Barre Chord - To play a barre chord, you need to hold down more than one note with only one finger. Bend - Pushing your finger forward or backward while holding it down firmly on the string and fretboard, to increase the pitch. Palm Mute - Place the palm of your strumming hand over the strings near the bridge and pick a note. This will decrease the sustain of the note. Picking - Using your finger or a pick to sound notes on a guitar. Action - The distance between the string and the fretboard. Intonation - The ability of the guitar to stay in tune with itself. Strumming - Running your finger or pick along more than one note. Standard Tuning - Tune the strings to EADGBE (from the thickest string to the thinnest). Drop D Tuning DADGBE - Much like standard tuning, but the lowest E is dropped to a D. Open String - Any string on the guitar played without pressing down on a fret. Pentatonic Scale - A series of five notes found in the major or minor scale. This has become the standard scale used in rock and blues music. Power Chord - A chord that consists of the root, 5th, and octave. Step - A step is equal to a tone or note. Half Step - Moving up or down one fret. Whole Step - Moving up or down two frets. Alternate Picking - Alternating up and down strokes while playing individual notes. GUITAR Accessories Tuner - This can be attached to the guitar or plugged in (electric). It reads the frequency of each note and indicates if your guitar is in tune. Capo - A mechanical clamp that attaches to the neck of the guitar. A capo can placed on any fret in order to change the key and lower the action. Pick - A plastic, triangular-shaped tool you can use to pluck your guitar strings. Strap - A piece of material that holds the guitar around your body. Usually leather or cloth. Strap Locks Material that holds the strap in place. Tremolo Bar / Whammy Bar - A removable metal bar attached to the bridge on an electric guitar. Used to change the pitch of the strings while playing. String Winder - A tool to remove and replace the strings. It attaches to the tuning pegs and increases or decreases the tension. Alternate Picking - Alternating up and down strokes while playing individual notes. GUITAR & Music Slang Ax - Another name for a guitar. This term became popular in the '80s. Bar - This is another name for a measure. Tab - Short for Tablature, a form of notation used for guitarists. BPM - Beats Per Minute, which refers to the tempo. Chucking - Another term for fret hand muting (used mainly for percussive purposes). Lead - Playing lead is the opposite of playing rhythm guitar. It refers to playing the melody. Lick / Riff - A series of notes that create a distinguished sound. Also known as a hook. t9 takelessons Now that you can talk the talk, learn how to walk the walk! Find a guitar teacher at SOURCES:

Essential Guitar Terms for Beginners

shared by TakeLessonsTL on Feb 27
Everything you need to know to get started playing guitar, including guitar parts, slang, moves, and accessories.


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