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Education and Training of Women

HUMANITY Education & Training of Women NINEMOdwa THE EEJNG "LAT Cn TUENS 20 GLOBAL OVERVIEW "One child, one teacher, one book, one pen can change the world." - Malala Yousafzai ADULT LITERACY The adult literacy rate, for the population 15 years and older, increased from 76% in 1990 to 84% in 2012 WHERE WE ARE TODAY Adult literacy rates 99% 99% 89% 86% 11 80% 75% 67% 51% World Average Developed Countries Least Developed Developing Countries Countries PRIMARY EDUCATION Good news A Challenges 90% More than 25% of children in of children in developing regions now enjoy primary education, compared to 80% in 1990 developing regions are likely to drop out of primary school More than half the world's 58 million out-of-school children All developing regions have achieved, or are close to achieving, gender parity in primary education, whereby there are an equal number of girls and boys enrolled are girls. A large number of them live in sub-Saharan Africa, followed by South Asia. Only 23% of poor, rural girls complete their primary education in sub-Saharan Africa SECONDARY AND TERTIARY EDUCATION Good news A Challenges Latin America and the Caribbean take the lead on the number of girls enrolled at the secondary and tertiary school levels 44% of countries (with data) will not achieve gender parity in lower secondary education by 2015 Gender disparities still remain in large parts of the world, including in sub-Saharan Africa, Oceania, and South and West Asia At the tertiary level, At the secondary level, 107 girls are enrolled for 100 64 For example, only 64 women are enrolled for every 100 men at the tertiary school level in sub-Saharan Africa 128 women are enrolled for every 100 men every 100 boys BARRIERS TO COMPLETING SCHOOL Poverty, customs that favour the education of boys over girls and the distance to travel to school are just some of the underlying factors that exacerbate gender gaps in education Additional factors include: CHILD MARRIAGE 700 million women alive today were married before 18 - more than one-third of them before age 15 SANITATION Some 2.5 billion people - two-thirds of whom live in Asia, and a quarter in sub-Saharan Africa - still use unimproved sanitation facilities. The lack of safe, private toilets, including in schools, make women and girls vulnerable to violence. WOMEN IN SCIENCE Gender gaps continue to persist in specific fields of education, especially in the field of science Let's take a closer look Just 1/5 countries have achieved gender parity, meaning 45% to 55% of researchers are Women Percentage of women researchers in natural sciences, engineering and technology, medical and health sciences, agricultural sciences, social sciences and humanities Average World. 30% Eastern Western 40% & 32%, rab States central Asia & the 46% 20% West Asia 38% & the South & 20% America 44% sub-Sal 29% WHY EDUCATION MATTERS Educated women & girls = Empowered societies Educating women and girls is a driving force against poverty worldwide and is the key to empowered societies and strong economies. When women and girls have equal access to education, they can make more informed decisions within their home and their communities, make healthier choices for themselves and their family, and have increased opportunities towards stable and gainful employment. Here's a brief glimpse on why education matters Children's health: If all women Women's health: If all women completed primary education, there would be 66% fewer maternal Violence against women: If all girls completed primary school in sub-Saharan Education: For each additional year of mothers' education, a child spends an extra 0.32 years in school. For girls the benefit is slightly larger. completed primary education in low and lower-middle income countries, the under-5 mortality rate would fall by 15%. If all women completed se condary education, it would fall by 49%, Africa and South and deaths, saving 189,000 lives per year. West Asia, the number of girls getting married by age 15 would fall by 14%; with secondary education, 64% fewer girls would get married. equal to around 2.8 million lives saved a year. HUMANITY #Beijing20 unwomen.org beijing20.unwomen.org 8* @UN_Women facebook.com/unwomen gplus.to/unwomen THE BEIJING PLATFORM FOR ACTION TURNS 20 Sources EMPOWERING Definitions, research and detalled description for data cited can be found In the sources below. Note: Adult literacy rates are based on the latest avallable data from 2012. The statistic on the percentage of children enjoying primary school is based on an adjusted net enrolment rate, as defined In the UN'S MDG Report 2014. OUNE WOMEN E UNESCO Institute for Statistics (adult literacy rates); The Millennium Development Goals Report, UN, 2014 (education); FIxing the Broken Promise of Education for All, UNESCO, UNICEF, 2015 (primary education); Education for All Global Monitoring Report, UNESCO, 2013/4 (education, why education matters); Women in Sclence, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, 2014 (sclence); Ending Child Marriage: Progress and Prospects, UNICEF, 2014 (child marriage); Progress on drinking water and sanitation, Joint Monitoring Programme update, WHO, UNICEF, 2014 (sanitation). PICTURE IT ะจะจ Europe ntral & Pacific East Asia Europe America Carib PICTURE IT! EMPOWERING, WOMEN,

Education and Training of Women

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This infographic was produced as part of UN Women's Beijing+20 campaign. For more on the campaign, visit: http://beijing20.unwomen.org/ Publication date: February 2015.

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