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Black History Month

WHEN WAS BLACK HISTORY MONTH OFFICIALLY RECOGNIZED BY THE UNITED STATES? Brought to you by the fine folks at: you Your Child's First Teacher. 1976 "Seize the opportunity to honor Hthe too-often neglected accomplishments of black Americans in every area of endeavor throughout our history." BY THIS GUY President Gerald R. Ford %3D (& the US GOV) REVOLUTION BLACK As part of the USA's Bicentennial celebration Smack-dab in the middle of the Black Power Movement (1968-1982) 1776-1976 BUT... WHO FOUNDED BLACK HISTORY MONTH? CARTER G. WOODSON HISTORIAN, SCHOLAR, EDUCATIONALIST (1875-1950) Son of former slaves, and 2nd black person to graduate from Harvard University When he prompts the fraternity Omega Psi Phi to create "Negro History & Literature Week:" 1920 HEY FRED, YOUR BIRTHDAY IS ON Woodson eventually proceeds to build a week-long "Negro History Week" event around traditional days in February that already historically commemorated the African-American past: VALENTINE'S DAY. THAT'S COOL, BIG ABE! FEBRUARY President Abraham Lincoln, Feb. 12th (The guy who abolished slavery ) Frederick Douglass, Feb. 14 (Leader of the Abolitionist Movement ) HISTORY WEEK 12 ABE FRED AND WHAT LED TO THE FOUNDING OF BLACK HISTORY MONTH? PEOPLE WASHINGTON 1940s: West Virginia Influenced by Woodson, PARTICIPATING 1926: Washington, DC Woodson promotes the first "Negro History Week" African-Americans begin and from "Negro History" to "Black History" and it's officially 1976: Nationwide The ASALH influences the official shift from a week to a month to celebrate February as "Negro History Month" recognized by the US Government Late 1960s: Nationwide Young collegiate African-Americans become increasingly aware of their heritage and the expansion of "Negro History Week" to "Black History Month" spreads rapidly The Civil Rights Movement 1950s-1980s The NAACP FOR THE Dr. Martin Luther king Jr., 1929-1968 THIS GUY (Minister & Social Activist) NAACP FOUNDED 1909 Was the foremost leader of the movement and awarded the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize for his work. He continued to PEOPLE fight against segregation until his assassination in1968 NATIONAL "I HAVE A DREAM.." Founded in 1909, NAACP is the nation's oldest and largest civil rights organization WHAT'S IT ALL ABOUT NOW? RECOGNIZING OF African-Americans The many contributions Lewis Latimer (1848–1928) Garrett Morgan (1877–1963) Invented safety hood smoke protection devices for fire fighters Thomas Day (1801- 1861ish) Master cabinetmaker and Stokely Carmichael (1941-1998) Organized freedom rides Invented the carbon entrepreneur, owned and operated one of filament for the light bulb, improving upon Rosa Parks (1913-2005) the most successful Thomas Edison's to breath in the line of Instigated the Montgomery Bus Boycott fumiture shops (PRE Civil War) paper filament duty, patented one of the first traffic control devices George Washington Carver (1860–1943) Devised 300+ uses James Meredith (1933-) Henry 0. Tanner (1859 – 1937) Fought to integrate OleMiss Otis Boykin (1920–-1982) The first African-American Invented the electrical blacks and whites at painter to gain for the peanut device used in all the University of Mississippi guided missiles and IBM computers, +26 other electronic international acclaim Dr. Patricia E. Bath (1949-) Augusta Savage (1900-1962) World-famous sculptor Ophthalmologic surgeon, invented devices most notably the control the Laserphaco Probe, which is a surgical tool used ... and So many more. unit for a pacemaker associated with the Harlem Renaissance to remove cataracts SOURCES [1.]"February is African American History Month." [2. ]“The Origins of Black History Month" istorymonthorigins.html [3. [4.]“Dr. Carter G. Woodson" [5.]"Martin Luther King, Jr. – Biographical" [6.] "About Thomas Day" [7.] "Biography" line/tanner/tanner_main.html [8.] "Augusta Savage Biography" [9.] "Lewis Latimer: Renaissance Man" http://invention.smithso- [10.]“George Washington Carver" [11.] "Inventor of the Week: Patricia Bath" [12.]“Garrett A. Morgan" [13.] "Otis Boykin, Talented Electronic Inventor" http://www.aaregis- [14.] “Stokely Carmichael Biography" [15.] “Rosa Parks Biography" [16.]“James Meredith Biography" POWER THINK BIRTHDAYS CENTENNIA artists & craftsmen inventors NOIVISOS ANCEMENT OF COLORED political activists

Black History Month

shared by lvanwhy on Feb 21
An infographic that tells the story of how Black History Month came to be.






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