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374 Years of Higher Education

374 YEARS OF HIGHER EDUCATION 40 1636 1931 2010 35 $33,696 1970 2003 Harvard College is the first U.S. higher education institution Alvarez v. the Board of Trustees of the Lemon Grove (California) School District becomes the first successful school desegregation court case in the U.S 30 Four students are killed by Ohio National Guard troops on May 4th during an anti-war protest at Kent State University The Higher Education Act amended and reauthorized, expanding access for low and middle income students, providing additional funds for graduates, and increasing accountability 1954 25 1894 Jewel Lutheran College charges $27. 50 for a 10 week semester; includes tuition, room, and books On May 17th, the U.S. Supreme Court announces its decision in the case of Brown v. Board. of Education of Topeka, ruling that separate educational facilities are inherently unequal 1905 1791 The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching is founded 15 The Bill of Rights is passed by the first Congress of the new United States. Education becomes a function of the state 1980 1,000 1994 10 Whiteboards begin to replace the blackboard in U.S. classrooms 1940 $5000 5 1900 $3000 1870 $150 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 201O 1848 2.7 Massachusetts School for Idiotic Feebleminded Youth established The first school of its kind in the U.S 1910 2010 11 1862 1966 1970 10 The Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act represents major investment in education- expanding educational opportunity for students and families. 1944 1986 The Equality of Educational Opportunity Study (the Coleman Report) is conducted in 1926 The Land Grant Act becomes law. Public lands donated to the states and sold. Money collected is used for endowment, support, and maintenance of at least one college Sources:, Christa McAuliffe is chosen by NASA to be the first teacher- The G.I. Bill is 15 The Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) is first administered. It is based on the Alpha test signed by FDR. More than 2 million WWII vets go back to school, nearly doubling the college population. About 238,000 become teachers response to provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. It concludes that African American children benefit from attending integrated schools 20 astronaut 25 29.4 2008 30 PERCENTAGE ADULTS OVER 25 WITH AVERAGE HARVARD COLLEGE ANNUAL TUITION A COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY DEGREE (TENS OF THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS)

374 Years of Higher Education

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