Transcript

Where The Gas In Your Car Really Comes From

Where The Gas In Your Car Really Comes From The Journey of Common Petroleum, From Well to Pump Crude, Texas tea, black gold We have a lot of names for oil. And it's no wonder why. It's the #1 most traded commodity on the entire planet! Our world runs on oil. There's no doubt about it. But have you ever stopped to wonder where the petrol in your car, gas in your stove, or kerosene in your heater really comes from? You might be surprised. Here's an outline of where the petroleum products you use come from and the trip they take to get to you. The Source Tar Sands This resinous, black substance is a mixture of sediment and bitumen, a thick and sticky form of petroleum. 2 BILLION O There is an estimated 2 billion barrels of oil in the form of tar sands worldwide, the majority of which is located in Canada. Shale With the popularization of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing, shale has become a huge source of oil, especially in the United States. Thanks to shale, there were over 4.5 1 million active and productive wells in the United States in 2014, which produced over 4.5 million barrels of oil. MILLION Conventional Wells If you asked someone where oil comes from, a conventional well is probably what they'd picture in their mind. These are the tall towers and bobbing pumpjacks that so iconically represent the oil industry. Offshore rigs fall into this category. Who Makes the Most? #1-United States 12,343 barrels a day #2- Saudia Arabia 11,702 barrels a day #3 - Russia 10,764 barrels a day #4- China 4,459 barrels a day According to the International Energy Administration, the United States' oil output will surge to an unbelievable 13.1 million barrels a day by the year 2019. DO00000DD000 Refinement The refinement process in its entirety is pretty complicated, but the gist of it isn't too hard to understand. 150° C Gasoline 200° C Kerosene Crude oil is fractionally distilled through extreme heat. That means that the different "fractions" (gas, kerosene, diesel, and so on) boil at dif- OIL 300° C Diesel Oil 370° C FURNACE Fuel Oil ferent temperatures and therefore can be separated by heating. The world's largest refinery is located in Jamnagar, India, and it processes an astonishing 1.2 million barrels of oil every day. Transportation After refinement, petroleum products are transported in three main ways: RAILS PIPELINE TANKERS There are 3,445,495 kilometers, or 2,140,931 miles, of pipeline 2.14 MILLION worldwide. That's more than enough to stretch all the way from Earth to Mars! The ocean tankers that transport oil are among the largest ships on the sea. Some of them carry as much as 3.7 million barrels of crude 3.7 MILLION BARRELS diotototo oil, spanning a massive 1,300 feet! 1,300 FEET References http://www.investorguide.com/article/11836/what-are-the-most-commonly-traded-commoditles-igu/ http://en.wikipedla.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_total_length_of_pipelines http://www.ela.gov/todaylnenergy/detail.cfm?id=17991 http://www.britannca.com/EBchecked/topic/582652/tanker http://ostseis.anl.gov/guide/tarsands/ http://www.fractracker.org/2014/03/active-gas-and-ol-wells-in-us/ http://www.ela.gov/energy_in_brief/article/shale_in_the_united_states.cfm http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-07-04/u-s-seen-as-biggest-ol-producer-after-overtaking-saudi http://www.ela.gov/countries/ http://thenounproject.com/ Brought to you by: M Aries Residence Suites

Where The Gas In Your Car Really Comes From

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Our world runs on oil. There's no doubt about it. But have you ever stopped to wonder where the petrol in your car, gas in your stove, or kerosene in your heater really comes from? Let's get a look.

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