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Pakistan: The Young and the Restless

I IN NUMBERS Pakistan:The Young and the Restless About the Survey KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA (K PK) 62% of Pakistanis live in rural areas, where poverty is a major concern. A new survey of rural Pakistan shows the urgency of improving people's well-being and expanding their opportunities for a better life-and makes clear how challenging it will be to do so. TIME FRAME: 2012–2014 LOCATION: Sindh, Punjab, and KPK provinces Pakis tan Strategy Support Program, IFPRI, and Innovative Development Strategies (IDS) CONDUCTED BY: Baby Boom PUNJAB DATA FROM: 2,090 households/13,376 people More than 25% of the rural population in the three provinces is under the age of 10. MALE 100 95 90 FEMALE Taking a Hit 85 80 Most households experienced some type of shock in the two years preceding the survey, and most of them had no coping strategies for responding to these shocks. 75 70 SINDH 65 School Enrollment Medical expenses due to illness or injury 57 Among children aged 5-14, 61% of boys and 46% of girls are enrolled in school. Poverty and security concerns about sending daughters to school were cited as the main reasons for not Lost home/repair cost due to flood 25 Other costs of wedding 18 Major loss of crops due to flood 16 Loss or destruct ion of other consumption assets enrolling children in school. Only 49% of individuals in Pakistan have ever 27% Cutoff or decrease of reqular remittances 62% 10 77% Loss of livestock due to flood attended school. 1,000 CHI LDREN AGED 5-14 WHO ARE Loss of income due to illness or injury 500 500 1,000 ENROLLED IN SCHOOL NUMBER OF INDIVIDUALS Cost of court case Other 22 Literacy Gender Gap Tight Budgets 10 20 30 40 50 60 % OF HOUSEHOLDS EXPERIENCING SHOCK IN PAST TWO YEARS All three provinces have a large gender gap in literacy rates. A Mixed Bag of Village Services Given the large share that households spend on basics like food and housing, there is little money left for education. MALE FEMALE 80 The availability of basic public services says a lot about the level of development in a village. In a survey of 76 selected villages, availability of services varied tremendously. Although nearly all villages were electrified, daily power outages of 7-18 hours were common. 78 70 62 Other 59 Education 38 34 39 Medical 1% 100 93 100 30 30 Clothing/laundry 15 80 În 80 10 8% 60 59 SINDH PUNJAB KPK OVERALL 40 43 26 Housing, fuel, and lighting 16% 11 Food, beverage, and tobacco SOURCES: H. Nazi and S. Hamza Haider, "Pakistan Rural Household Panel Survey 2012 (Round 1): Methodalogy and Community Characteristics, Pakistan Strategy Support Program Warking Paper ? (Mashington, DC FPRI, 2012); H. Nazli, S. Hama Haider, S. Hausl aden, A. Tariq, H. Shafiq, S. Shahzad, A. Mehmood, A. Shatzad, and E. Whitney, "Pakistan Aural Household Panel Survey 2012 (Round 1) Hause- hold Characteristia,"Pakistan Strategy Support Program Warking Paper 8 (Washingtan, DC: FPRI, 2012). 63% Sui gas Electrificat ion Cylinder gas INSIGHTS IFPRInfographic Cellular phone service MAGAZINE OF THE INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEAR CH INS TITUTE Fixed-line phone ser vice Immunization program ifpri.org Garbage collection system Sewage channel for wastewater ath awareness program Family-plaming awareness program LITERACY RATE (% AGE IN YEARS

Pakistan: The Young and the Restless

shared by IFPRI on May 14
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62% of Pakistanis live in rural areas, where poverty is a major concern. A new survey of rural Pakistan shows the urgency of improving people’s well-being and expanding their opportunities for a bet...

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