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Breaking Down the Durbin Amendment

DEBIT CARDS, THE DURBIN AMENDMENT, AND YOU AMENDMENT check Card FREEDOM DEBATE S ITS HOR Apition Hw iT HAPPENED Ameng oher sleulations the Dubin Amenttnt and the decsens of the tedeal Rgerve will rquite the folowing changes: Estdish a tee Coiling-21 Cent fee on a trawctions A Mow BSveis to chaige an 745 528) VISA The Durbin Amendment has sparked debate since its 11th-hour addition to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010. The Federal Reserve has released its final ruling on interchange fees, and the decision requires major changes for big banks, merchants, and consumers alike. HOW IT HAPPENED WHAT THE FED'S RULING MEANS The last-minute amendment submitted Among other stipulations, the Durbin Amendment and the by Senator Richard Durbin assigned the decisions of the Federal Reserve will require the following key Federal Reserve the role of placing a changes: reasonable and proportional limit on AMENDMENT Establishes a fee ceiling- 5 BY SENATOR RiCHAR D DURBIN a $0.21 fee on all transactions, debit card interchange fees and opened up the interchange networks for NE CENT down significantly from the 214 competition. previous fee- plus a .05 percent adbvalorem fee for fraud CAP losses based on the transaction amount. Allows issuers to charge an TWO DATES TO IMPLEMENTATION additional $.01 if they comply OVE CENT with certain fraud protection measures. Cone 1 2011 Lets merchants impose a $10 minimum on credit card The new rules take effect. On BEGGS transactions. In the past, Visa that date, debit card networks and MasterCard had banned this have to honor the $0.21 fee Cheedos practice. cap. OCTOBER Gon Lets merchants offer a 2012 discount to customers who Debit card issuers will have pay with debit or cash. Visa and Mastercard had also to allow debit cards to be processed on at least two previously banned this practice. independent networks. APRIL Gives merchants more choice as to which debit network they process transactions over. HOW IT'S DIFFERENT Changes to fees could affect how merchants operate and how consumers spend. Here's how it would look for the average $38 debit transaction: THE BREAK DOWN PIN Debit Charge: $38.00 Pre-Durbin Post-Dubrin Charge to Merchant: Charge to Merchant: $0.44 $0.24 $ 0.21 NEW FEE $0.01 FRAUD PREVENTION $0.05%- AD VALOREM %3D .44¢ INTERCHANGE FEES SO FAR $48 BILLION .44¢ = 44¢ 44¢ 44¢ Swipe fees are typically 1-3 percent of the Though that seems like a small amount, 444 cost of the sale, but some merchants in 2008, merchants and consumers paid are charged as much as 5 precent. $48 billion in interchange fees according to Forbes. WHAT IT MEANS FOR CONSUMERS The Federal Reserve has said it is "unclear" whether consumers will be hurt by or benefit from debit interchange regulation. There are MORE CHARGES FROM BANKS several possible scenarios: Due to the cap, bank revenue from these transaction fees is estimated to fall by 40 percent. As a result, consumers might see the following changes from their banks: New fees on checking accounts Increased minimum balance requirements MYBANK MY BANK End of debit rewards programs MORE SAVINGS FROM MERCHANTS With the possibility of facing lower transaction costs, merchants could pass those savings along to the consumer. As a consumer you might see these savings as an overall reduction in prices or, more likely, as specific discounts on cash/pin-debit card transactions. TRANSACTION BANK FEES SAE BIGM GO DOWN FOR MERCHANTS With bank fees reduced and As processing costs go down, If the merchant chooses to capped for pin and signature the merchant now decides pass on savings to the debit transactions, merchants whether to keep consumer consumer, this could happen set up with interchange-plus prices the same and increase in one of two ways: pricing will see immediate their profit, or lower their savings on their credit card prices and pass on some or Overall price reduction processing cost. all of the savings to the consumer. Specific discounts on cash/pin debit transactions Merchant Warehouse SOURCES: NERDWALLET, US NEWS, FORBES, INVESTOPEDIA 30 3800 Dada

Breaking Down the Durbin Amendment

shared by kcatoto on Jan 24
Many businesses that process credit card payments will notice big changes in swipe fees, and other onerous fees in the coming months, thanks to legislation enacted by the government to reverse some du...


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