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The Pros and Cons of Children’s Media Device Usage

П THE PROS ECONS Children's Media Device Usage Children are different, as should be your approach to monitoring their screen time. It's important for parents to find a balance between mobile device usage and free play for their family. All About That Screen According to The American Academy of Pediatrics: Children spend an average of 7 hours a day on entertainment media, including: ... Television Computers Smartphones Other electronic devices Ownership of Mobile Media Platforms, Over Time Percent of 0- to 8-year-olds with the following in the home: 63% Smartphone 41% 40% Tablet (iPad, Android, other) 8% 2013 2011 27% iPod Touch/ similar 21% Any mobile 75% device 52% Children spend an average of 43 minutes a day on mobile devices Common Myths About Children's Media Usage Myth 1 All screen time is harmful to early learning. Myth 3 How parents use their cell phone doesn't affect kids' behavior. Myth 2 More interactive screen experiences are better for kids. Myth 4 Myth 5 Technology dominates children's lives. Technology hinders social interaction. Pros of Embracing Technology Media device usage can contribute positively to childhood development when an adult closely monitors appropriate content and limits time spent using such devices. Why should I let my kids use mobile devices? Study of mobile applications based on PBS KIDS programs with 90 children 3- to 7-years-old who played for 2 weeks Children made gains in: Vocabulary comprehension Literacy Vocabulary gains after playing with the Martha Speaks app Literacy gains after playing with the Super Why! app Average gain in vocabulary score Age Number of Age Number of Average gain in Participants Participants vocabulary score 14% 17% 10% 13 9% 13 27% 23 8% 16 22% 26 9% 12 21% 12 -3% Study from the International Journal of Education in Mathematics, Science and Technology on the use of an iPad in preschool classes About the study Findings from the study This study was conducted in two pre-school classrooms over seven weeks. Children can navigate and use iPads independently. Children can develop awareness about print in digital contexts. Teachers were given six iPads to use as instructional tools. An iPad/Tablet offers unique ways to employ reading, writing, listening, and speaking within one context. The apps were selected by the researchers to meet the teachers' goals for development and learning. It allows children to use environmental print to navigate within and between apps. Using the iPad becomes a social activity for young children as they often talk and work together while using the tool. Cons of Excessive Media Usage A study on early television exposure and subsequent attention problems in children found excessive media use can lead to: Attention problems Excessive use can Elementary school children who play video games more than 2 hours a day are 67% more likely to have greater- than-average attention problems when compared to peers who play less. increase hyperactivity and can make it difficult for children to concentrate. School difficulties Excessive media use at an earlier age is associated with lower academic achievement later in life. In a study done in Quebec of Prospective Associations Between Early Childhood Television Exposure and Academic, Psychosocial, and Physical Well-being by Middle Childhood Every additional hour of exposure at 2-years-old corresponded to a 6% & 7% unit decrease in classroom engagement and math achievement when examined later in the fourth grade Eating disorders/Obesity In the same Quebec study it also showed: 13% 9% unit decrease in time unit decrease in activities spent doing weekend physical activity involving physical effort Higher consumption scores for soft drinks and snacks by 5% unit increase in body 9%10% mass index Sleep disorders A Harvard University study on Television Viewing and Sleep Duration From Infancy to Mid-Childhood found: Each 1 hour per day increase in TV viewing was associated with 7 minutes per day shorter sleep. What's a parent to do to help ensure media device usage contributes to their child's development in a positive way? Establish screen-free zones Remove electronics from child's bedroom, including: Televisions Computers Video games Turn off television during mealtimes Limit screen time to 1-2 hours a day Encourage outdoor play, reading, hobbies, and use of imagination in free play. Make use of established rating systems PG Avoid inappropriate content for shows, movies, and games. PG 13 Guidelines for Apps used as educational tools Developmentally appropriate Sustain interest Supplemental tool Focuses on relevant, Includes activities that Develops content for age-appropriate content incorporate educational goals and incentives to apps around curriculum goals and life skills to extend school-based learning hold interest Balances engagement and learning Accounts for children's developing motor skills A study on the protective effects of parental monitoring of children's media use analyzed the media habits of 1,300 school-aged children and found a ripple effect associated with the benefits of parents limiting both screen time and media content: Ripple effect of parental monitoring Lowers total Lowers violent screen time media exposure Increases Improves school performance Increases prosocial Decreases aggressive behavior weekly sleep behavior Lowers BMI and risk for obesity SOURCES zerotothree.org joanganzcooneycenter.org tc.pbskids.org pediatrics.aappublications.org source.southuniversity.edu news.iastate.edu academia.edu aap.org unce.unr.edu commonsensemedia.org marketingprofs.com cnn.com archpedi.jamanetwork.com BROUGHT TO YOU BY: IN PARTNERSHIP WITH: CALIFORNIA CRYOBANK GHERGICH&Co. 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The Pros and Cons of Children’s Media Device Usage

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There’s info far and wide on the effects of media on children, and cryobank.com has created an infographic entitled "The Pros and Cons of Children’s Media Device Usage", giving insights and statis...

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