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A History of Western Typefaces

A HISTORY OF WESTERN TYPEFACES A BVS M IVS KGO 100 The visual form of Western written and 100 100 printed language is derived. 1440 1440 1440 Johannes Gutenberg invents movable type with the printing press. 1450 1450 1460 1460 1470 1470 1469 -1818 Conventional text typefaces are designed in Italy, France and England. 1480 1480 1490 1490 Pofti certent bico des Nymphæ certe 1501 ororfus uatum illi The first form of Italic type is developed. 1500 1500 1550 men ire i 1550 1540. French King Francis I 1600 1600 commissions Claude Garamond to develop a Greek typeface for a book series. The font is adopted by the French court for its printing. 1650 1650 1700 1700 Benjamin Franklin writes a letter to John asker 1760 Baskerville, arguing against a Briton who 1750 1750 claimed that Baskerville's 'ultra-thin' serifs and narrow strokes would blind readers. CASLON William Caslon IV 1800 EARLY 1800: introduces sans serif 1800 printing type. 1818 The widow of Giambattista Bodoni publishes his last work, Manuale Tipografico. 1850 1850 1885 The first known use of "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog" appears in The Michigan School lazy dog Moderator. СОРН COPF 1901 Frederic W. Goudy designs Copperplate Gothic, and it's released 1900 1900 by the American Type Founders. 1916 Edward Johnston phnsto designs Johnston, a humanist sans-serif 1910 1910 typeface known for its use by Transport for London (The Tube). Gill Sans 1926 A bookshop opens in Bristol, England, bearing a font on the window designed by 1920 1920 Eric Gill. It would later be known as Gill Sans. The Broadway typeface is designed by Morris 1927 Fuller Benton for American Type Founders (ATF) as a capitals-only display cadwa 1930 1930 face. ATF discontinues it in 1954. 1929 Eric Gill is commissioned by the London and North 1940 DUNBAR Eastern Railway. Gill Sans became popular as the typeface for the LNER's marketing 1940 materials. 1957 Helvetica is developed by Max Miedinger elvetica 1950 1950 and Eduard Hoffmann at the Haas'sche Schriftgiesserei. The New York Times adopts Imperial for mperia 1967 news and editorials. 1960 1960 Imperial was designed in the 1950s by Edwin W. Shaar. 1974 Joel Kaden and Tony Stan create American Typewriter, based on the monospaced aesthetic of the ypewn 1970 1970 early typewriter. 9 1977 Milton Glaser designs IV the iconic “I heart NY" logo, using American Typewriter as part of a marketing campaign for New York State. The Johnston typeface is redesigned by Eiichi 1979 Kono at Banks & Miles to produce New Johnston, the variant of the original typeface currently used by the London Underground. UNDERGROUND Arial is designed by Retrac 1982 a 10-person team for Monotype 1980 1980 Typography. It has 20 different variations. 1982 Papyrus is designed at the Letraset foundry after being hand-drawn Papyrus over six months with a calligraphy pen and textured paper. 1984 Apple adopts ITC Garamond Light and Garamo Book for the Macintosh release. After several aesthetic tweaks, the font became known as Apple Garamond. 1985 Kris Holmes and Charles Bigelow design Lucida, based on clear and easy-to-read Roman letterforms. Lucida 1990 Microsoft develops Wingdings, a series of fonts comprised of symbols. 1990 1990 1991 Gothic The sans serif font Century Gothic is designed for Monotype Imaging. Comic 1994 Vincent Connare designs Comic Sans for Microsoft. 1999 The website Ban Comic Sans launches as part of a campaign by graphic designers Dave and Holly Combs, who argue that a typeface should Fun match the tone of its text, and that Comic Sans is too irreverent to be taken seriously. The Catul font debuts Google 1999 in the Google logo. An update in 2010 reduces the weight of the text shadow. 2001 The Royal Tenenbaums flaunts director Wes 2000 THE ROYAL 2000 Anderson's apparent obsession with Futura. TENENBAUMS 2004 Joe Kral designs the Facebook logo, which facebook. features a modified version of Klavika Bold. 2005 Calibr Calibri wins the TDC2 award for best "Type System." (a 2007 The documentary Helvetica is released. 2007 Microsoft Office replaces Times New Roman with Calibri default as the default typeface in Word. 2010 The University of 2$ Wisconsin at Madison switches its default Efficient email and printing font from Arial to Century Gothic because it uses -30% less ink. 2010 The Social Network YOU DON'T GET TO poster features Futura. 500 MILLION FRIENDS 2010 2010 WITHOUT MAKING A FEW ENEMIES Matthew Carter wins 2011 the National Design NATIONAL Award for lifetime DESIGN achievement and a AWARDS MacArthur fellowship. He designed the fonts Verdana and Georgia. Mashable Infographics RESEARCH BY: DESIGN BY: @drelly @nick_sigler SOURCES: Adobe New York Times fundamentals_ fonts/pages/font_history.html

A History of Western Typefaces

shared by rmmojado on Jan 24
You see approximately 490,000 words every day — and that’s just on the web. If the designers behind those websites are any good, they put a lot of thought into the typefaces they use on each page.




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