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History of Operating Systems

the historyd operating systemš MAC OS 5% ioS 1.36% .93% Linux WINDOWS Java Other .89% 91% .77% CURRENT OS MARKET SHARE JANUARY 2011 - UNITED STATES E GMOS The first operating system, GMOS, coordinated between jobs, created batches, and used a runtime library to General Motors OS simplify common commands. GMOS was created by GM-NAA 1/o 4 General Motors for IBM. r SHARE OS "I don't think it's that significant." - Tandy president John Roach on IBM's entry into the microcomputer field Atlas 2 DOS/360 Supervisor Until 1966 a new OS was created for each new computer. With each new machine, programs and applications would have to be re-written. IBM changed EXEC I Master Control Program the game by creating OS/360 Ios/360 for an entire line of computers. Using a light-pen, in a pointer based system called Sketchpad, Ivan Sutherland created the grandfather of the mouse in 1962. CP/M VMS PARC Z Apple DOS 3.1 D Unix developed among newly-hired AT&T engineers. Unable to use the mainframe computer, they developed their own operating system to run on a mini computer. Unix is now the backbone of Linux, Mac OS, and other operating systems. Though Unix launched in 1970, it started a year earlier. Jeremy Ben ported Space Travel, a game he had written, to his friend's non-compatible system, the code involved became UNIX. Lisa Office System 7/7 Steve Jobs oversaw Apple Lisa; the first computer with a GUI (graphic user interface). Borrowing very heavily from OS-9 SunOS OS/400 Xerox's PARC; Lisa was the first to use the desktop MS-DOS Windows 1.0 metaphor. Windows 1.0 was created the next year as a GUI for MS-DOs. No, Steve, I think its more like we both have a rich neighbor named Xerox, and you broke in to steal the TV set, and you found out l'd been there first, and you said, Hey that's no fair! I wanted to steal the TV set!" Bill Gates' response after Steve Jobs accused Microsoft of borrowing the GUI (Graphical User Interface) from Apple for Windows 1.0 On August 24, 1995, Mac OS 7.06 Windows 98 Windows 3.1 E Windows 95 was released. The buying fever was so great that even consumers without home computers bought copies of the Red Hat Linux program. OpenBSD "All the best people in life seem to like LINUX. Steve Wozniak, Apple Cofounder Mac OS X Snow Leopard Though Windows still holds the vast majority of OS market share, Apple has Windows XP Apple iOS gained momentum over the last ten years. Perceived Ubuntu Google Android Windows 2000 flaws in Vista were exploited in Apple marketing. Plus the huge fanfare behind the iPhone gave the Apple iOS and Mac OS big sales. Microsoft has had clear competitors in the past. It's a good thing we have museums to document that." - Bill Gates 2001 DISSECTING LINUX THE MOST POPULAR LINUX DISTRIBUTIONS Mint Fedora Superb Collection Of "Minty" Tools Multimedia Codecs Included Innovative Very-secure Less-desktop Friendly Community Editions Not Always Updated Debian Opensuse Gret Configuration Tool Very-stable 20,000+ Software Packages Slow Release Cycle Lots Of Software Slower Pclinux Os Centos Good Graphics Drivers Fast Boot Time Gret Configuration Tool Lots Of Software Slower No 64-bit Version Offered Gentoo Ubuntu Excellent Software Management Great Customisation & Documentation Occasional Instability User-friendly & Windows-like Regular Updates Non-debian Compatible Slackware Mandriva Highly Stable Largely Bug Free Few Supported Applications Newb-friendly Gret Configuration Tool Not Much Mandriva Literature e 1950 096 1970 1980 PC-DOS IBSYS PLATO UMES 066 ON9 XIN Windows Vista Mac OS XINIW * Mac OS 9 Windows 95 Moc OS X Cheetah 2 SMopu!M LinuxOS MANDRIV

History of Operating Systems

shared by LinkTree on Feb 15
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History of Operating Systems, from the early days of GMOS to iOS, Android and Ubuntu



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