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Browser History

1983 - the Domain Name System (DNS) was written by Jon Postel, Paul Mockapetris, and Craig Partridge. The term 'cyberspace' is coined by William Gibson and becomes the world's first registered domain name. Four more nodes were installed at Stanford, the University of Utah, BBN, and the University of California, Santa Barbara. In 1972 the first email programs were written by Ray Tomlinson at BBN - SNDMSG and READMAIL. The @ symbol was chosen for its 'at meaning. Within a year the first ARPANET international connections would be established. By 1986 there are 5000 hosts on the ARPANET system, set to double in the following year. Cisco ships its first router in 1987; by 1989 there are 100,000 hosts - ARPANET is shut down and Berners-Lee goes on to create the modern Web at CERN in Geneva. The Story so Far This timeline starts at 1990, conveniently cutting out about 30 years of intense research and development which laid the foundations for the Internet and everything thereafter. I'm Just Browsing, Thanks The Internet and the World Wide Web have indisputably changed the course of history; these two inventions form the basis of an integral part of life for many millions of people. We can catch up with friends, go shopping, play games, watch movies and share virtually anything with people we know - not to mention access to a wealth of knowledge (and cat photos) hitherto incomprehensible - from the comfort of our own desk, chair or bed. The process started in 1958 when President Eisenhower requested funds to set up ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency). A few years later, Len Kleinrock authored the world's first paper on packet switching, closely followed by J.C.R. Licklider & W. Clark's paper on the 'Internet Concept', In 1974, Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn publish "A Protocol for Packet Network Interconnection," which details the design of TCP (soon to be known as TCP/IP). Two years later, Apple computers is founded and Vint Cerf joins ARPA as a program manager. Tim Berners-Lee writes a small program titled 'Enquire Within', as a Two years later the term 'surf' is first used in conjunction with the Internet. in 1993, InterNic is set up, and the web grows by upwards of 300,000% in a year. The overlooked, underappreciated heroes of all this are the web browsers. For the majority of Internet users, their browser is the gateway to the web, going so far as earning the title 'my Internet'. In 1965, experimentation at ARPA began in earnest with Larry Roberts acting as chief scientist. By 1969 there was at least one ARPANET node installed at UCLA Network Measurement Center. precursor to the World Wide Web. Lest we forget, here they are in one place. 1991 - 2013 - the World's first website "HTML Tags" document appears libwww officially made available 1991 Netscape launched The Web goes public, Linux is born Barack Obama AMA, JQuery 1.8 50+ CSS3 modules to date Internet Explorer 2013 PHP 5.4 Opera EU Cookie law takes effect 1992 "Surfing the Internet" coined Facebook launches Open Graph -.....O SOPA blackout Summer riots bring out the best in Twitter jQuery 1.7 HTML DTD 1.1 2012 Top 5 Market Share 1996 2000 2008 2012 iCloud 1993 Google+ 2014 milestone set for HTMLS InterNIC established 1991 jQuery 1.6 1992 1993 WebGL 1.0 Javascript 1.8.5 Firefox 1994 1995 1996 - 1997 jQuery 1.5 1998 1999 2000 2011 2001 2002 2003 2004 - 2005 MathML 3.0 Chrome 2006 ...... 2007 - 2008 jQuery Mobile 2009 Commodore bankrupt www Conference 2012 iPad jQuery 1.4 Cablegate 2013 1991 1992 2012 1993 2011 w3 established 2010 1994 2010 1995 2009 1996 Windows 7 1995 2008 1997 Flawed SSL 2.0 1998 OSX Snow Leopard 2007 2006 SUN announces Java PHP 1.0 ebay 2009 jQuery 1.3 1996 HTML 2.0, JavaScript VBScript 1.0 Android Epiphany Contiki Firefox TLS 1.2, Google V8 JS IEOpera/Avant Firebird FutureSplash Animator released Phoenix Slimbrowser Netsurf Hotmail launched Camino ELinks Acid3 test 2008 Konquerer K-Meleon MyIE2 Morilla Suite Beonex Communicator Maxthon Macromedia buys FutureSplash; Flash is born Netscape Opera Mobile ICab Netcaptor Galeon HTML5 draft submitted 1997 Dillo Links CSS 1.0, EMCAScript, SSL 3.0 OSX Leopard HTML 3.2 Microsoft Mobile Explorer jQuery 1.2 Deep Blue beats Garry Kasparov IPhone 2007 1998 PHP 2.0 A List Apart founded HTML 4.0 PlayStation 3 Windows Vista, Tumblr, jQuery 1.1, XSLT 2.0 TLS 11, Twitter Microformats Adblock Plus 2006 jQuery 1.0 1999 XBOX 360, Rails 1.0 2005 2000 2004 2001 2003 2002 Dot-Com Bubble Layout engine: Presto Significant versions & relationships Gecko Text-based MS Trident Lifespan Other/Proprietary KHTML/WebKit Created by Omid Kashan Data from Wikipedia, w3 and Google. World Wide Web (Nexus) Line Mode Browser (libwww Spyglass-Enhanced Mosale 1999 Pocket Internet Explorer so02 Internet Fxplorer for UNIX XM8. MathML 1.0 Apple announces the iMac PHP 3.0, CSS 2, Windows 98 Acidt tes WebKit layout engine made pub PavPal TLS 1.0 lic Very first CSS3 drafts CURL/libcurt XSLT 1.0 HTML 4.01 XHTML 1.0 CAPTCHA is Rise of the weblog PHP 4.0 BT claims hyperlinks theirs RSS 1.0 Wikipedia, MathML 2.0 Apple launch Mạc O X Microsoft launch Windows XF ASP.NET 1.0 RSS 2.0 RIM release the first Blackberry II IWX PHP 5.0 Acid2 test Reddit, Atom 1.O Adobe buys Macromedia YouTube, Prototype 1.0 Web Developer Toolbar for Firefox Nokia announces N770 Internet tablet Google Books, O'Reilly Media Web 2.0 Conference

Browser History

shared by omidkashan on Dec 07
Every major web browser from 1991 to the present day. Reference points to various landmarks in the history of the web are also listed. Featured on Information is Beautiful. A0 print size.


Omid Kashan


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