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AN OVERVIEW OF THE U.S. FIRE PROBLEM

AN OVERVIEW OF THE U.S. FIRE PROBLEM IN 2012 U.S. FIRE DEPARTMENT RESPONDED to an estimated 1,375,000 FIRES These fires caused CIVILIAN FIREFIGHTER 2,855 16,500 64 69,400 DEATHS INJURIES DEATHS INJURIES THE 2012 FIRE STATISTICS (еxсеpt for firefighter fatalities) ARE PROJECTIONS DERIVED FROM NFPA'S ANNUAL FIRE DEPARTMENT SURVEY. 39% } OF THE TOTAL 2,795 DEPARTMENTS U.S. POPULATION that responded to the sample survey 120,282,500 PEOPLE ON AVERAGE, A FIRE DEPARTMENT RESPONDED TO AN OUTSIDE A FIRE EVERY FIRE EVERY 23 SECONDS 46 SECONDS A STRUCTURE A VEHICLE FIRE FIRE EVERY AT THE RATE OF 66 SECONDS 1 EVERY 182 SECONDS FIRE CLAIMED EIGHT LIVES EVERY DAY } C 10%OF THE HIGHWAY VEHICLE FIRES CIVILIAN FIRE DEATHS IN 2012 THE 300 DEATHS 5 WAS ALMOST TIMES THE CAUSED BY 65 DEATHS RESULTING FROM NON-RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURE FIRES CAR, TRƯCK AND RELATED VEHICLE FIRES ROUGHLY 50% OF ALL REPORTED FIRES WERE OUTSIDE OR UNCLASSIFIED TYPES OF FIRES SE HOME STRUCTURE FIRES IN 2012 OF CIVILIAN ONE-AND TWO-FAMILY HOMES 83% K APARTMENTS K TOWNHOUSES K ROW HOUSES K MANUFACTURED HOMES FIRE DEATHS OF CIVILIAN 78% FIRE INJURIES MAYOR CAUSES OF HOME STRUCTURE FIRES 2007-2011 The graph below shows how the leading causes vary depending on whether the interest is in fires, deaths or injuries. 43% 16% 38% COOKING EQUIPMENT 16% HEATING EQUIPMENT 12% 08% INTENTIONAL 07% 06% 13% ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION & LIGHTING EQUIPMENT 07% 05% 22% 10% SMOKING MATERIALS 04% 01% 03% CLOTHES DRYER OR WASHER EXPOSURE TO OTHER FIRE 03% 01% FIRES 03% 04% 07% CANDLE CIVILIAN DEATHS ---- 02% 03% 06% CIVILIAN INJURIES PLAYING WITH HEAT SOURCE 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% СОOKING IS THE LEADING CAUSE OF HOME FIRES AND HOME FIRE INJURIES UNATTENDED COOKING IS THE LEADING FACTOR CONTRIBUTING TO THESE FIRES FRYING IS THE LEADING TYPE OF ACTIVITY ASSOCIATED WITH COOKING FIRES MORE THAN O 50% OF ALL COOKING FIRE INJURIES OCCURRED WHEN PEOPLE TRIED TO FIGHT THE FIRE THEMSELVES SMOKING HAS BEEN THE LEADING CAUSE OF HOME FIRES DEATHS FOR DECADES } OF THE HOME SMOKING MATERIAL 66% K UPHOLSTERED FURNITURE FIRE FATALITIES RESULTED FROM K MATTRESSES OR BEDDING FIRES ORIGINATING WITH Flammability standards and decreases in smoking have helped reduce these deaths THE "FIRE-SAFE" CIGARETTE WILL HELP PREVENT MANY MORE HAVE PASSED LEGISLATION REQUIRING Canada and all 50 states in the U.S. CIGARETTES TO BE "FIRE-SAFE. OF FATAL HOME SMOKING FIRE VICTIMS 7% WHOSE SMOKING MATERIALS STARTED THE FIRE WERE USING MEDICAL OXYGEN HEATING EQUIPMENT INVOLVED IN 1 OF EVERY HOME FIRE DEATHS HEATING EQUIPMENT КНОМЕ FIRES K HOME FIRE DEATHS RANKED ND IN REPORTED K HOME FIRE INJURIES Portable and fixed space heaters, including wood stoves } ARE INVOLVED IN MORE FIRES THAN CENTRAL HEAT. RD INTENTIONAL FIRES ARE THE 3N LEADING CAUSE OF HOME FIRES. ACCORDING TO FBI STATISTICS OUT OF EVERY OF THE PEOPLE ARRESTED FOR ARSON IN RECENT YEARS WERE UNDER 18 ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION OR LIGHTING EQUIPMENT 4TH LEADING CAUSE OF HOME FIRES A study by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) found HOMES WITH OLDER WIRING FACE AN INCREASED RISK OF ELECTRICAL WIRING FIRE Electrical factors can play a role in any fire involving equipment powered by electricity } ELECTRICAL FAILURES WERE FACTORS 13% IN OF HOME FIRES TH WERE THE 5" LEADING CANDLES CAUSE OF HOME FIRES INJURIES These fires nearly TRIPLED FROM 1990 TO 2001 with the increase in candle sales BUT HAVE SINCE FALLEN BACK TO THE MID 199O'S LEVELS Candles used for light in the absence of electrical power caused } 1/3 OF FATAL CANDLE FIRES ARE MORE LIKELY TO SET FIRES IN HOMES YOUNGER CHILDREN OLDER CHILDREN AND TEENAGERS ARE MORE LIKELY TO SET FIRES OUTSIDE Most of home playing Two out of five of the structure fires are started home playing structure fires begin in the bedroom by lighters or matches. ALMOST ALL U.S. HOMES HAVE AT LEAST ONE SMOKE ALARM BUT 3 OF 3 EVERY 5 НОME FIRE DEATHS SMOKE ALARMS OR NONE THAT WORKED RESULTED FROM FIRES IN HOMES WITH NO People who are under the influence of alcohol, drugs or medications, have disabilities, or are very close to where the fire started, may not be able to act on a smoke alarm's warning. Nuisance alarms are the leading reason for disabling smoke alarms A SPRINKLERS DECREASE THE FIRE DEATH REPORTED HOME THE AVERAGE LOSS PER RATE PER 1.000 FIRES BY 80% HOME FIRE BY 70% ABOUT ABOUT NFPA'S FIRE SPRINKLER INITIATIVE: Bringing Safety Home is a nationwide effort to encourage the use of home fire sprinklers and the adoption of fire sprinkler requirements for new construction. See www.firesprinklerinitiative.org ADULTS OVER 50 FACE HIGHER RISK OF HOME FIRE DEATH THAN THE OVERALL POPULATION PERCENT OF POPULATION AND HOME FIRE DEATHS AND INJURIES BY AGE GROUP: 2007-2011 28% 13% 40% 13% 30% 07% 13% 21% 18% 31% 14% 08% 07% 17% 25% 30% 04% 06% 25% 20% 20% 10% 0% >5 5-14 15-34 35-49 50-65 65+ POPULATION DEATHS INJURIES RSI WE HELP INSURANCE COMPANIES PREVENT LOSSES www.RSIREPORTS.COM 1-800-541-5496 // info@rsireports.com Source: NFPA's Fire Analysis and Research Division. May 2014 Request references by e-mailing osds@nfpa.org CAUSED PROTECT НОMES INCLUDE

AN OVERVIEW OF THE U.S. FIRE PROBLEM

shared by rsireports on Jul 21
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Detailed Stats on fire causes in the US. This info can help insurance comapnies evaluate their loss control plans.

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