Transcript

Modern Printing For Business And Home

.com RetailBlue MODERN PRINTING IN THE HOME AND FOR BUSINESS HISTORY OF PRINTING 200 1040 1454 1796 1875 1886 1907 1957 MI Woodblock Movable type Printing press Lithography Offset printing Hot metal Screen printing Dye-sublimation printing typesetting 1960 1964 1969 1972 1976 1986 1993 2003 DM 80 3D Phototypesetting Dot matrix printer Laser printing Thermal printing Inkjet printing Stereolithography Digital press 3D printing TYPES OF INK Dye Based Inks Pigment Based Inks PIGMENT BASED INKS DYE BASED INKS SOAK CLING TO THE FIBRES INTO THE PAPER OF THE PAPER Fading Tolerance Colour and Brightness Fading Tolerance Colour and Brightness Water Resistance Water Resistance Value for Money Value for Money HOW A PRINTER WORKS DATA PROCESSOR OUTPUT TRAY This is the brains of the printer. A hard disk and other cards are Paper is ejected here stored as well as CPU and memory for data processing FUSER TONER CARTRIDGE Toner is fused onto paper by heat and pressure Black (K) cartridge Cyan (C) cartridge Magenta (M) cartridge Yellow (Y) cartridge BYPASS TRAY DRUM CARTRIDGE This tray is for manual paper feed This photoconductor drum unit forms print images. Four units are arranged side by side in this printer PAPER TRAY ENGINE This is the heart of the printer. The engine irradiates laser beams over the photoconductor drum to form images before transfers onto paper Paper is loaded here HOW COLOUR IS TRANSFERRED Four-pass System Single-pass tandem system Toners are transferred colour by colour to the photoconductor drum for printing after overlaying. Since the drum makes four rotations for single printing, the improvement of printing speed is limited. 'Tandem' means 'one behind the other' or 'in series'. Four photoconductor drum units (for four colours) are prepared to transfer images of each colour sequentially. Four colours are transferred almost simultaneously a single pass of paper to increase the printing speed. Toner Cartridge four-colour decomposition and transfer Drum Toner Cartridge paper or intermediate transfer media Drum paper or intermediate transfer media ↑ TYPES OF PRINTER Laser Printer Ink-jet Printer This draws printing images on drums by laser beams, deposits toner to the images, and transfers the toner to paper. This works by spraying ionized ink at a sheet of paper. The two variations of this techn demand (i.e. bubble jet) or piezoelectric drop on demand. ogy are thermal drop on Laser Beam Oscillator Mirror Spray Toner Cartridge Nozzle Photoconductor Drum Roller Printing Paper Printing Paper TYPES OF CARTRIDGE Genuine Ink Cartridges Genuine ink cartridges are manufactured by the same company that manufactures the printer They have a very low failure rate and come with a manufacturer's warranty The quality of your prints will usually be the best using a genuine ink cartridge Genuine Ink cartridges are specifically designed and manufactured to work together in your printer by the same manufacturer Compatible Ink Cartridges Re-Manufactured Ink Cartridges Compatible ink cartridges are manufactured by third party companies Remanufactured ink cartridges have been refurbished, cleaned and refilled with new ink Generally the failure rate on compatible cartridges are much higher than the genuine cartridges Quality can vary greatly depending on the factory they come from Research has shown page yield in compatibles may be less than genuine ink cartridges Failures on re-manufactured cartridges are also higher than genuine ink cartridges Compatible cartridge prices can vary from being very cheap to about in par with a discounted genuine ink cartridge A good quality remanufactured cartridge will generally be the same price as a discounted genuine ink cartridge ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT "Consider these figures: of the 1.6 billion OEM cartridges sold annually and consumed globally, the USA sells 550 million, Europe 350 to 400 million, and Australia 35 million, with the rest of the world making up the balance. Only 25% of this total is remanufactured, leaving 1.2 billion OEM products available for recycling - and yet less than 30% of this sub total of e-waste is collected and recycled outside the remanufacturing system.' Martin Summons - "Cartridge recycling: the goal of going global", Recycling International September 2011. Using a Lexmark multifunctional printer and combining multi-up with duplex printing can decrease CO2 emissions by up to 45% Paper - up to 80% GLOBAL WARMING IMPACT Energy consumption 8% Use phase of a printer Cartridges 6% -45% (CO2) THINK BEFORE YOU PRINT A Print Less Reduce Waste Only print documents you need and avoid printing emails and drafts "Super size me" - Use high yield cartridges to reduce plastic usage and shipping Use print preview to avoid mistakes before printing Use duplex printing (double sided printing) to halve your paper use Use the draft mode to save ink and toner and reduce cartridge waste Print in black and white rather than in colour when colour is not needed Archive your documents using scan instead of printing Use workgroup printers to streamline equipment and save power C Recycle In your home use wireless printing or network to a single printer to reduce the number of printers your printer off in your workplace or home overnight or when not in use to reduce power consumption Turn Reuse paper for draft work whenever possible Provide separate recycling bins for paper and cartridges Use the right printer for the job. Local printer centres in your city may be a better way to print high volume jobs Use free manufacturer collection programmes to reuse or recycle your cartridges Upgrade your printer technology - old printers may be less efficient in power and cartridge use Recycle end of life printers All manufacturers have recycling programs or promote local recycling activities in each country. People go the manufacturers website in their country for information. Other alternatives for recycling other than with manufacturers. Some may even pay you for your cartridges or they use the cartridges for charities. should NORTH AMERICA UNITED KINGDOM EUROPE OCEANIA freerecycling.com recycleforcharity.com recycle4charity.co.uk emptycartridge.co.uk recycleaid.co.uk negoci.fr bioservice.es eccosave.com.au cartridges.planetark.org Source References: RetailBlue.com - Wikipedia.org - Macworld.com - Castleink.com - Oddparts.com - Fuji Xerox Printer Technology Handbook Howstuffworks.com - Lexmark eproductguide June 2012 - Torrey Pines Research - Wilhelm Imaging Research Centre - Epson.co.uk closetheloop.com.au - Recycling International

Modern Printing For Business And Home

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An infographic looking at the different modern printing methods, from laser to inkjet, and how they have developed over the past decade. In it we look at a timeline of printing, how printers work, how...

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Rob Thomas

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Business
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